Results for 'Richard W. Kaye'

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  1.  43
    Transplendent Models: Expansions Omitting a Type.Fredrik Engström & Richard W. Kaye - 2012 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 53 (3):413-428.
    We expand the notion of resplendency to theories of the kind T + p", where T is a fi rst-order theory and p" expresses that the type p is omitted. We investigate two di erent formulations and prove necessary and sucient conditions for countable recursively saturated models of PA. Some of the results in this paper can be found in one of the author's doctoral thesis [3].
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  2.  26
    Jerry Stannard. Pristina Medicamenta: Ancient and Medieval Medical Botany. Edited by, Katherine E. Stannard and Richard Kay. xxii + 324 pp., frontis., illus., index. Brookfield, Vt.: Ashgate, 1999. $110.95.Jerry Stannard. Herbs and Herbalism in the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Edited by, Katherine E. Stannard and Richard Kay. xvi + 342 pp., frontis., illus., tables, index. Brookfield, Vt.: Ashgate, 1999. $110.95. [REVIEW]Brian W. Ogilvie - 2003 - Isis 94 (2):362-364.
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  3. Machiavellian Intelligence: Social Expertise and the Evolution of Intellect in Monkeys, Apes, and Humans.Richard W. Byrne & Andrew Whiten (eds.) - 1988 - Oxford University Press.
    This book presents an alternative to conventional ideas about the evolution of the human intellect.
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  4.  24
    Democracy and Class Dictatorship: RICHARD W. MILLER.Richard W. Miller - 1986 - Social Philosophy and Policy 3 (2):59-76.
    Clearly, Marx thought he was promoting democratic values. In the Manifesto, the immediate goal of socialism is summed up as “to win the battle of democracy.” Marx sees the reduction of individuality as one of the greatest injuries done by a system in which most people buy and sell their labor power on terms over which they have little control. As they supervised translations and re-issues of the Manifesto, Marx and Engels singled out just one point as a major topic (...)
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  5.  22
    The Thinking Ape: Evolutionary Origins of Intelligence.Richard W. Byrne - 1995 - Oxford University Press UK.
    "Intelligence" has long been considered to be a feature unique to human beings, giving us the capacity to imagine, to think, to deceive, to make complex connections between cause and effect, to devise elaborate stategies for solving problems. However, like all our other features, intelligence is a product of evolutionary change. Until recently, it was difficult to obtain evidence of this process from the frail testimony of a few bones and stone tools. It has become clear in the last 15 (...)
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  6.  30
    Selected Opinions of Judge Richard W. Wallach.Richard W. Wallach - 2000 - Cardozo Studies in Law and Literature 12 (2):219-242.
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  7.  44
    Knowledge and Human Interests.Richard W. Miller - 1975 - Philosophical Review 84 (2):261.
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  8.  12
    Moral Differences: Truth, Justice, and Conscience in a World of Conflict.Richard W. Miller - 1992 - Princeton University Press.
    In a wide-ranging inquiry Richard W. Miller provides new resources for coping with the most troubling types of moral conflict: disagreements in moral conviction, conflicting interests, and the tension between conscience and desires. Drawing on most fields in philosophy and the social sciences, including his previous work in the philosophy of science, he presents an account of our access to moral truth, and, within this framework, develops a theory of justice and an assessment of the role of morality in (...)
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  9. Patterns of Behavior: Konrad Lorenz, Niko Tinbergen, and the Founding of Ethology.Richard W. Burkhardt & Hans Kruuk - 2007 - Journal of the History of Biology 40 (3):565-575.
     
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  10. The Spirit of System: Lamarck and Evolutionary Biology.Richard W. Burkhardt - 1979 - Journal of the History of Biology 12 (1):203-204.
     
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  11.  79
    Intergroup Aggression in Chimpanzees and War in Nomadic Hunter-Gatherers.Richard W. Wrangham & Luke Glowacki - 2012 - Human Nature 23 (1):5-29.
    Chimpanzee and hunter-gatherer intergroup aggression differ in important ways, including humans having the ability to form peaceful relationships and alliances among groups. This paper nevertheless evaluates the hypothesis that intergroup aggression evolved according to the same functional principles in the two species—selection favoring a tendency to kill members of neighboring groups when killing could be carried out safely. According to this idea chimpanzees and humans are equally risk-averse when fighting. When self-sacrificial war practices are found in humans, therefore, they result (...)
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  12.  14
    Hypotheses for the Evolution of Reduced Reactive Aggression in the Context of Human Self-Domestication.Richard W. Wrangham - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    Parallels in anatomy between humans and domesticated mammals suggest that for the last 300,000 years, Homo sapiens has experienced more intense selection against the propensity for reactive aggression than any other species of Homo. Selection against reactive aggression, a process that can also be called self-domestication, would help explain various physiological, behavioral and cognitive features of humans, including the unique system of egalitarian male hierarchy in mobile hunter-gatherers. Here I review nine leading proposals that could potentially explain why self-domestication occurred (...)
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  13.  52
    Moral differences: truth, justice, and conscience in a world of conflict.Richard W. Miller - 1992 - Princeton University Press.
    In a wide-ranging inquiry Richard W. Miller provides new resources for coping with the most troubling types of moral conflict: disagreements in moral conviction, conflicting interests, and the tension between conscience and desires. Drawing on most fields in philosophy and the social sciences, including his previous work in the philosophy of science, he presents an account of our access to moral truth, and, within this framework, develops a theory of justice and an assessment of the role of morality in (...)
  14.  68
    Cosmopolitan Respect and Patriotic Concern.Richard W. Miller - 1998 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 27 (3):202-224.
    The JSTOR Archive is a trusted digital repository providing for long-term preservation and access to leading academic journals and scholarly literature from around the world. The Archive is supported by libraries, scholarly societies, publishers, and foundations. It is an initiative of JSTOR, a not-for-profit organization with a mission to help the scholarly community take advantage of advances in technology. For more information regarding JSTOR, please contact [email protected].
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  15.  12
    Prolegomena to a theory of mechanized formal reasoning.Richard W. Weyhrauch - 1980 - Artificial Intelligence 13 (1-2):133-170.
  16.  24
    What Can Cognitive Science Do for People?Richard W. Prather, Viridiana L. Benitez, Lauren Kendall Brooks, Christopher L. Dancy, Janean Dilworth-Bart, Natalia B. Dutra, M. Omar Faison, Megan Figueroa, LaTasha R. Holden, Cameron Johnson, Josh Medrano, Dana Miller-Cotto, Percival G. Matthews, Jennifer J. Manly & Ayanna K. Thomas - 2022 - Cognitive Science 46 (6):e13167.
    Cognitive Science, Volume 46, Issue 6, June 2022.
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  17. Fact and Method: Explanation, Confirmation and Reality in the Natural and the Social Sciences.Richard W. Miller - 1987 - Princeton University Press.
  18.  24
    Fact and Method.Richard W. Miller - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy 88 (3):159-162.
  19. Descartes on the material falsity of ideas.Richard W. Field - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (3):309-333.
    Descartes claims in the Third Meditation that ideas of sense might be materially false. While an accurate interpretation of this claim has the potential of providing some valuable insights into Descartes's theory of ideas in general and his understanding of the epistemic status of sensations in particular, the explanation Descartes provides of the material falsity of ideas is itself obscure and misleading, making accurate interpretation difficult. In this paper an interpretation of material falsity is offered which identifies the fault of (...)
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  20.  24
    On the Dependability and Feasibility of Layperson Ratings of Divergent Thinking.Richard W. Hass, Marisa Rivera & Paul J. Silvia - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  21.  76
    Learning by imitation: A hierarchical approach.Richard W. Byrne & Anne E. Russon - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):667-684.
    To explain social learning without invoking the cognitively complex concept of imitation, many learning mechanisms have been proposed. Borrowing an idea used routinely in cognitive psychology, we argue that most of these alternatives can be subsumed under a single process, priming, in which input increases the activation of stored internal representations. Imitation itself has generally been seen as a This has diverted much research towards the all-or-none question of whether an animal can imitate, with disappointingly inconclusive results. In the great (...)
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  22.  28
    Semantic search during divergent thinking.Richard W. Hass - 2017 - Cognition 166 (C):344-357.
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  23.  24
    Evolution of Primate Cognition.Richard W. Byrne - 2000 - Cognitive Science 24 (3):543-570.
    Comparative analysis of the behavior of modern primates, in conjunction with an accurate phylogenetic tree of relatedness, has the power to chart the early history of human cognitive evolution. Adaptive cognitive changes along this path occurred, it is believed, in response to various forms of complexity; to some extent, theories that relate particular challenges to cognitive adaptations can also be tested against comparative data on primate ecology and behavior. This paper explains the procedures by which data are employed, and uses (...)
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  24.  13
    Fact and Method: Explanation, Confirmation and Reality in the Natural and the Social Sciences.Richard W. Miller - 1988 - Princeton University Press.
    In this bold work, of broad scope and rich erudition, Richard Miller sets out to reorient the philosophy of science. By questioning both positivism and its leading critics, he develops new solutions to the most urgent problems about justification, explanation, and truth. Using a wealth of examples from both the natural and the social sciences, Fact and Method applies the new account of scientific reason to specific questions of method in virtually every field of inquiry, including biology, physics, history, (...)
  25. Ways of moral learning.Richard W. Miller - 1985 - Philosophical Review 94 (4):507-556.
  26.  86
    Analyzing Marx: Morality, Power, and History.Richard W. Miller - 1984 - Princeton University Press.
    In this book Marx is revealed as a powerful contributor to the debates that now dominate philosophy and political theory.
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  27.  22
    The Venture of Islam.Richard W. Bulliet & Marshall G. S. Hodgson - 1978 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 98 (2):157.
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  28.  11
    Characteristics of Kundalini-Related Sensory, Motor, and Affective Experiences During Tantric Yoga Meditation.Richard W. Maxwell & Sucharit Katyal - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Traditional spiritual literature contains rich anecdotal reports of spontaneously arising experiences occurring during meditation practice, but formal investigation of such experiences is limited. Previous work has sometimes related spontaneous experiences to the Indian traditional contemplative concept of kundalini. Historically, descriptions of kundalini come out of Tantric schools of Yoga, where it has been described as a “rising energy” moving within the spinal column up to the brain. Spontaneous meditation experiences have previously been studied within Buddhist and Christian practices and within (...)
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  29.  29
    Perception, Sensation and Verification.Richard W. Miller - 1974 - Philosophical Review 83 (3):403.
  30.  94
    Methodological individualism and social explanation.Richard W. Miller - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (3):387-414.
    Past criticisms to the contrary, methodological individualism in the social sciences is neither trivial nor obviously false. In the style of Weber's sociology, it restricts the ultimate explanatory repertoire of social science to agents' reasons for action. Although this restriction is not obviously false, it ought not to be accepted, at present, as a regulative principle. It excludes, as too far-fetched to merit investigation, certain hypotheses concerning the influence of objective interests on large-scale social phenomena. And these hypotheses, in fact, (...)
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  31.  14
    Eukaryotic DNA topoisomerase IIβ.Richard W. Padgett, Pradeep Das & Srikant Krishna - 1998 - Bioessays 20 (3):215-226.
    Type II DNA topoisomerase activity is required to change DNA topology. It is important in the relaxation of DNA supercoils generated by cellular processes, such as transcription and replication, and it is essential for the condensation of chromosomes and their segregation during mitosis. In mammals this activity is derived from at least two isoforms, termed DNA topoisomerase IIα and β. The α isoform is involved in chromosome condensation and segregation, whereas the role of the β isoform is not yet clear. (...)
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  32.  16
    Use or Consequences: Probing the Cognitive Difference Between Two Measures of Divergent Thinking.Richard W. Hass & Roger E. Beaty - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  33. The physiological foundation of yoga chakra expression.Richard W. Maxwell - 2009 - Zygon 44 (4):807-824.
    Chakras are a basic concept of yoga but typically are ignored by scientific research on yoga, probably because descriptions of chakras can appear like a fanciful mythology. Chakras are commonly considered to be centers of concentrated metaphysical energy. Although clear physiological effects exist for yoga practices, no explanation of how chakras influence physiological function has been broadly accepted either in the scientific community or among yoga scholars. This problem is exacerbated by the fact that yoga is based on subjective experience, (...)
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  34.  20
    Commentary: New Directions in the History of Ethology.Richard W. Burkhardt - 2022 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 45 (1-2):189-199.
    Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Volume 45, Issue 1-2, Page 189-199, June 2022.
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  35.  35
    The Inner Conflict of Tradition: Essays in Indian Ritual, Kingship, and Society.Richard W. Lariviere & J. C. Heesterman - 1986 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 106 (3):601.
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  36.  15
    Public life and public lives: politics and religion in modern British history: essays in honour of Richard W. Davis.Nancy LoPatin-Lummis & Richard W. Davis (eds.) - 2008 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell for the Parliamentary History Yearbook Trust.
    Contains fourteen essays and an introduction addressing the main areas of scholarly interest for Richard W. Davis, Professor Emeritus, Washington University, St Louis Questions how individuals envision the public good in modern Britain and how, through religious and moral beliefs, coupled with wisdom and political savvy, they can improve the public good through the ever-changing nineteenth century political institutions Essays range from studies of local electoral politics and parliamentary reform campaign to national political party organization, high politics and the (...)
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  37.  15
    Niko Tinbergen: A Message in the Archives.Richard W. Burkhardt - 2016 - Journal of the History of Biology 49 (4):685-703.
    Just as biologists have their favored places for doing research, so do historians. As someone who likes working in archives, the most surprising thing the present author ever found was a particular letter that had been written to him by the ethologist Niko Tinbergen—but that Tinbergen had never sent. The letter included a detailed critique of the intellectual style and conceptual shortcomings of Tinbergen’s career-long friend and colleague Konrad Lorenz. The present author first saw the letter 3 years after Tinbergen’s (...)
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  38.  37
    Lamarck, evolution, and the politics of science.Richard W. Burkhardt - 1970 - Journal of the History of Biology 3 (2):275-298.
  39.  98
    Rawls and marxism.Richard W. Miller - 1974 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 3 (2):167-191.
  40.  45
    Three versions of objectivity: aesthetic, moral, and scientific.Richard W. Miller - 1998 - In Jerrold Levinson (ed.), Aesthetics and Ethics: Essays at the Intersection. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 26--58.
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  41.  41
    From Lineage to State: Social Formations in the Mid-First Mellennium B. C. in the Ganga Valley.Richard W. Lariviere & Romila Thapar - 1987 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 107 (3):517.
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  42.  6
    The Vagaries and Vicissitudes of War.I. I. Richard W. Sams - 2023 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 13 (3):170-172.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:The Vagaries and Vicissitudes of WarRichard W Sams III remember standing in the kitchen of our home on Camp Pendleton—a United States Marine Corps base in Southern California—listening to National Public Radio (NPR) and doing dishes in the fall of 2002. President Bush announced to the world that he was considering a pre-emptive invasion of Iraq on the pretext of Saddam Hussein harboring weapons of mass destruction (WMD). Three (...)
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  43.  12
    A tale of two conversations.Richard W. Cohen - 2004 - Hastings Center Report 34 (3):49-49.
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  44.  17
    When the Other‐Mind Skepticism Encounters the Happy Fish.Richard W. T. Hou & Linton Wang - 2020 - Philosophical Forum 51 (2):127-142.
    In this paper, we reconstruct the debate between Zhuangzi 莊子 and Hui Shi 惠施 that took place on the bridge over the Hao River 濠水 as a substantive debate concerning the epistemic other‐mind skepticism according to which no one mind knows the mental states of the other. We demonstrate how this reconstruction leads to substantive conclusions of the viability of Hui Shi’s position in particular and of the other‐mind skepticism in general. This demonstration is accomplished by means of the contemporary (...)
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  45.  80
    Absolute certainty.Richard W. Miller - 1978 - Mind 87 (345):46-65.
  46.  8
    The Problem of Universals in Indian Philosophy.Richard W. Brooks - 1977 - Philosophy East and West 27 (1):85-95.
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  47.  33
    Competition and the Categorical Imperative.Richard W. Eggerman - 1995 - Southwest Philosophy Review 11 (1):59-68.
  48.  15
    Why Should We Care About the General Happiness?Richard W. Eggerrnan - 1988 - Southwest Philosophy Review 4 (1):79-85.
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  49.  65
    Morishima on Marx: A retrospective review.Richard W. England - 1985 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (4):433-448.
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  50. Half-naturalized social kinds.Richard W. Miller - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):652.
    We often legitimately ascribe reality both to social and to natural kinds. But the bases for these ascriptions are not entirely the same. In both cases, reality is typically determined by what characterizations of causal factors are indispensable to adequate explanation. Nonetheless, a psychological role as part of an identity that instances embrace is sometimes, distinctively, a condition for ascribing reality to a social kind. Although such assessments of reality can be construed as employing a standard of causal activity shared (...)
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