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Paul Martin [13]Paul C. Martin [8]Paul A. Martin [5]Paul J. Martin [1]
Paula Martín [1]
  1.  27
    Interpretation as abduction.Jerry R. Hobbs, Mark E. Stickel, Douglas E. Appelt & Paul Martin - 1993 - Artificial Intelligence 63 (1-2):69-142.
  2.  71
    Tailored medicine: Whom will it fit? The ethics of patient and disease stratification.Andrew Smart, Paul Martin & Michael Parker - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (4):322–343.
    ABSTRACT A key selling point of pharmacogenetics is the genetic stratification of either patients or diseases in order to target the prescribing of medicine. The hope is that genetically ‘tailored’ medicines will replace the current ‘one‐size‐fits‐all’ paradigm of drug development and usage. This paper is concerned with the relationship between difference and justice in the use of pharmacogenetics. This new technology, which facilitates the identification and use of difference, has, we shall argue, the potential to lead to injustice either by (...)
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  3.  17
    TEAM: An experiment in the design of transportable natural-language interfaces.Barbara J. Grosz, Douglas E. Appelt, Paul A. Martin & Fernando C. N. Pereira - 1987 - Artificial Intelligence 32 (2):173-243.
  4.  6
    Thinking the unthinkable: how did human germline genome editing become ethically acceptable?Paul A. Martin & Ilke Turkmendag - 2021 - New Genetics and Society 40 (4):384-405.
    Two major reports in the UK and USA have recently sanctioned as ethically acceptable genome editing of future generations for the treatment of serious rare inherited conditions. This marks an important turning point in the application of recombinant DNA techniques to humans. The central question this paper addresses is how did it became possible for human genetic engineering (HGE) of future generations to move from an illegitimate idea associated with eugenics in the 1980s to a concrete proposal sanctioned by scientists (...)
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  5.  11
    Genome editing: the dynamics of continuity, convergence, and change in the engineering of life.Paul Martin, Michael Morrison, Ilke Turkmendag, Brigitte Nerlich, Aisling McMahon, Stevienna de Saille & Andrew Bartlett - 2020 - New Genetics and Society 39 (2):219-242.
    Genome editing enables very accurate alterations to DNA. It promises profound and potentially disruptive changes in healthcare, agriculture, industry, and the environment. This paper presents a multidisciplinary analysis of the contemporary development of genome editing and the tension between continuity and change. It draws on the idea that actors involved in innovation are guided by “sociotechnical regimes” composed of practices, institutions, norms, and cultural beliefs. The analysis focuses on how genome editing is emerging in different domains and whether this marks (...)
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  6.  31
    The promise of pharmacogenetics: assessing the prospects for disease and patient stratification.Andrew Smart & Paul Martin - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (3):583-601.
    Pharmacogenetics is an emerging biotechnology concerned with understanding the genetic basis of drug response, and promises to transform the development, marketing and prescription of medicines. This paper is concerned with analysing the move towards segmented drug markets, which is implicit in the commercial development of pharmacogenetics. It is claimed that in future who gets a particular drug will be determined by their genetic make up. Drawing on ideas from the sociology of expectations we examine how pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies are (...)
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  7.  42
    Flaws in the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Rationale for Supporting the Development and Approval of BiDil as a Treatment for Heart Failure Only in Black Patients.George T. H. Ellison, Jay S. Kaufman, Rosemary F. Head, Paul A. Martin & Jonathan D. Kahn - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):449-457.
    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration's rationale for supporting the development and approval of BiDil for heart failure specifically in black patients was based on under-powered, post hoc subgroup analyses of two relatively old trials , which were further complicated by substantial covariate imbalances between racial groups. Indeed, the only statistically significant difference observed between black and white patients was found without any adjustment for potential confounders in samples that were unlikely to have been adequately randomized. Meanwhile, because the accepted (...)
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  8.  9
    The promise of pharmacogenetics: assessing the prospects for disease and patient stratification.Andrew Smart & Paul Martin - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (3):583-601.
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  9. Philosophy of Internationalism.Paul Martin - 1933 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 9:81.
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  10.  6
    Community and Identity in Cyberspace: An Introduction to Key Themes and Issues.Paul Martin - 2004 - Human Affairs 14 (2):116-125.
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  11.  2
    Les conférences.Paul Martin - 1968 - In Helen Hogg (ed.), Man and His World/Terres des Hommes: The Noranda Lectures, Expo 67/les Conferences Noranda/L'expo 67. University of Toronto Press.
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  12.  46
    On Discerning the Realm of God in the Thought of Kabbalah and Tantra.Paul C. Martin - manuscript
    This paper explores the way in which God as the infinite ground of existence is discerned by the imagination and understanding. The representation of the apophatic divine is facilitated by the working of the human mind, which means that the manifold nature of thinking establishes the presence of God. In the metaphysical speculations of kabbalah and tantra the singular light of Ein Sof and Paramashiva intersects with the human imagination, and is refracted into a multiple display of understanding. So the (...)
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  13.  18
    Obligation for transparency regarding treating physician credentials at academic health centres.Paul J. Martin, N. James Skill & Leonidas G. Koniaris - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (11):782-786.
    Academic health centres have historically treated patients with the most complex of diseases, served as training grounds to teach the next generations of physicians and fostered an innovative environment for research and discovery. The physicians who hold faculty positions at these institutions have long understood how these key academic goals are critical to serve their patient community effectively. Recent healthcare reforms, however, have led many academic health centres to recruit physicians without these same academic expectations and to partner with non-faculty (...)
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  14.  29
    Popular Collecting and the Everyday Self: The Reinvention of Museums?Paul Martin - 1999 - Burns & Oates.
    This work is an attempt to explore both the increase in and the breadth of popular collecting in Britain. It does this by examining the contexts of social change over the past 20 years. This change, it is argued, has led to a culture of social and material insecurity, in which collecting is used for the creating and defence of identity. The social theory of Guy Debord is employed as an underlying philosophy in which contemporary popular collecting is interpreted as (...)
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  15. The Art of Interpretation in Depicting (the Idea of) God.Paul C. Martin - manuscript
    In this paper I shall argue that useful correspondences can be drawn between the role of depiction in showing a view of the world and the realisation that would view God as a picture of experience in the world, since both can be seen to illustrate an art of interpretation. The perceptual insight that is gleaned in mystical-philosophical consciousness converges on the idea of a realm that is marked as divine, and by exploiting mental and linguistic imagery this mindful awareness (...)
     
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  16.  4
    The body in the realm of desire: Gendered images on the horizon of the drive.Paul Martin - 2004 - .
    This paper examines the relation of body, soul, and God in the context of spiritual desire. It connotes a gendered relationship with the nature of divinity. A prime exponent of this mode of realization is Mechthild of Magdeburg, who longingly reaches for God, and employs vivid imagery in describing her quest.
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  17.  32
    The Colorful Depictions of God in Mystical Consciousness.Paul C. Martin - 2014 - Spiritus: A Journal of Christian Spirituality 14 (1):35-54.
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  18. The exploratory and reflective domain of metaphor in the comparison of religions.Paul C. Martin - 2013 - Zygon 48 (4):936-965.
    There has been a longstanding interest in discovering or uncovering resemblances among what are ostensibly diverse religious schemas by employing a range of methodological approaches and tools. However, it is generally considered a problematic undertaking. Jonathan Z. Smith has produced a large body of work aimed at explicating this and has tacitly based his model of comparison on metaphor, which is traditionally understood to connote similarity between two or more things, as based on a linguistic or pragmatic assessment. However, another (...)
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  19.  56
    The Erotic Imaginary of Divine Realization in Kabbalistic and Tantric Metaphysics.Paul C. Martin - manuscript
    In this paper I consider the way in which divinity is realized through an imaginary locus in the mystical thought of Jewish kabbalah and Hindu tantra. It demonstrates a reflective consciousness by the adept or master in understanding the place of God’s being, as a supernal and mundane reality. For the comparative assessment of these two distinctive approaches I shall use as a point of departure the interpretative strategies employed by Elliot Wolfson in his detailed work on Jewish mysticism. He (...)
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  20.  32
    The Feminine in the Making of God: Highlighting the Sensible Topography of Divinity.Paul C. Martin - manuscript
    What does it mean to talk of the power of God in relation to the human self? The discourses generated by the Jewish and Christian tradition about the capacity for divinity have been mainly promulgated by men, and have more often than not served to exclude women cognitively, practically, and spiritually. As a result they have been made powerless in the face of God’s presence. It is possible to look to ideas developed in Hindu Tantra for comparative notions of power (...)
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  21.  48
    The Place of Speculation in Kabbalah and Tantra.Paul C. Martin - manuscript
    In this paper I consider the apparently distinctive outlooks indicated by the mystical thought of Jewish kabbalah and Hindu tantra as they aim at realizing the scope of divine awareness. It is a profound horizon of light that beckons to them, which shows them to be on the verge of touching God. For both traditions there is a demonstrative reflective consciousness by the practitioner in realizing and recognizing the place of God’s being, as a supernal and mundane reality. It is (...)
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  22. Who Stands for the Norm? The Place of Metonymy in Androcentric Language.Paul C. Martin & Pam Papadelos - 2017 - Social Semiotics 27 (1):39-58.
    Since its emergence as an academic discipline in the early 1970s, feminist commentary and scholarship has prosecuted a critique of androcentric or sexist (gender exclusive) language, which has to some extent been successful. The struggle by women to occupy a positive linguistic space is continually being challenged by the endemic nature of masculine bias, which is realized through “indirect” or “subtle” sexism in the community. Seemingly innocuous words, like guy/guys, are frequently used to represent both men and women, reminiscent of (...)
     
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  23.  27
    Genotyping the Future: Scientists' Expectations about Race/ Ethnicity after BiDil.Richard Tutton, Andrew Smart, Paul A. Martin, Richard Ashcroft & George T. H. Ellison - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):464-470.
    The ongoing debate about the FDA approval of BiDil in 2005 demonstrates how the first racially/ethnically licensed drug is entangled in both Utopian and dystopian future visions about the continued saliency of race/ethnicity in science and medicine. Drawing on the sociology of expectations, this paper analyzes how scientists in the field of pharmacogenetics are constructing certain visions of the future with respect to the use of social categories of race/ethnicity and the impact of high-throughput genotyping technologies that promise to transform (...)
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  24.  14
    Genotyping the Future: Scientists' Expectations about Race/Ethnicity after BiDil.Richard Tutton, Andrew Smart, Paul A. Martin, Richard Ashcroft & George T. H. Ellison - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):464-470.
    In a recent discussion about how scientific knowledge might potentially change our understanding of the nature and extent of human genetic, cultural, or biological variation, the sociologist David Skinner identified two competing visions of the future: one that was decidedly dystopian, which conjured up a “re-racialized” future, and an opposing utopian future in which the potential for racialized thinking might be finally overcome. We can situate the ongoing debates about the congestive heart failure drug BiDil, approved by the Food and (...)
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  25.  11
    The Neuro-Complex: Some Comments and Convergences.Simon J. Williams, Stephen Katz & Paul Martin - 2011 - Mediatropes 3 (1):135-146.
    In this short think-piece we trace the newly emerging and rapidly expanding dimensions and dynamics of the “neuro-complex.” What this amounts to, we suggest, are a series of bio or neuro “convergences” of sorts regarding the brain and mental worlds, which in turn are traceable through what we term the bio-psych, pharma-psych, subjectivity-selves, wellness-enhancement, and the neuroculture-neurofutures relational nexuses. These issues are then illustrated through two brief case studies regarding brain scanning technologies and the problems and prospects of cognitive enhancement. (...)
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  26.  13
    Conserved mechanisms of repair: from damaged single cells to wounds in multicellular tissues.Katie Woolley & Paul Martin - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (10):911-919.
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  27. Halleux , Halleux , Le problème des métaux dans la science antique. [REVIEW]Paul Martin - 1976 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 54 (2):625-628.
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