23 found
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  1.  10
    Grace Andrus de Laguna: A Perspective from the History of Linguistics.Brigitte Nerlich - 2022 - Australasian Philosophical Review 6 (1):68-77.
    Grace de Laguna was a philosopher working in the first part of the twentieth century on analytic and speculative philosophy, as well as on the psychology and philosophy of language, especially the social function of language. Joel Katzav’s lead essay focuses mainly on the former part of her work, while my commentary focuses mostly on the latter. Katzav shows how her work played a role in the development of analytic philosophy, I try to show how her work played a role (...)
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  2. Heritable Genome Editing in a Global Context: National and International Policy Challenges.Achim Rosemann, Adam Balen, Brigitte Nerlich, Christine Hauskeller, Margaret Sleeboom-Faulkner, Sarah Hartley, Xinqing Zhang & Nick Lee - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (3):30-42.
    A central problem for the international governance of heritable germline gene editing is that there are important differences in attitudes and values as well as ethical and health care considerations around the world. These differences are reflected in a complicated and diverse regulatory landscape. Several publications have discussed whether reproductive uses would be legally permissible in individual countries and whether clinical applications could emerge in the context of regulatory gaps and gray areas. Systematic comparative studies that explore issues related to (...)
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  3.  11
    Genome editing: the dynamics of continuity, convergence, and change in the engineering of life.Paul Martin, Michael Morrison, Ilke Turkmendag, Brigitte Nerlich, Aisling McMahon, Stevienna de Saille & Andrew Bartlett - 2020 - New Genetics and Society 39 (2):219-242.
    Genome editing enables very accurate alterations to DNA. It promises profound and potentially disruptive changes in healthcare, agriculture, industry, and the environment. This paper presents a multidisciplinary analysis of the contemporary development of genome editing and the tension between continuity and change. It draws on the idea that actors involved in innovation are guided by “sociotechnical regimes” composed of practices, institutions, norms, and cultural beliefs. The analysis focuses on how genome editing is emerging in different domains and whether this marks (...)
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  4.  19
    Mud, metaphors and politics: Meaning-making during the 2021 German floods.Brigitte Nerlich & Rusi Jaspal - 2024 - Environmental Values 33 (3):329-349.
    On 14 July 2021, the western states of Germany, Rheinland Palatinate and North-Rhein-Westphalia experienced major flash floods and about two hundred people died. This article explores how those affected and journalists they spoke to created meaning from the mayhem of an unprecedented disaster and how social representations of flooding emerged in which language, politics and values were intimately intertwined. Combining thematic analysis with elements of social representations theory, and analysing a sample of articles from a national news magazine, we show (...)
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  5.  1
    War on foot and mouth disease in the UK, 2001: Towards a cultural understanding of agriculture.Brigitte Nerlich - 2004 - Agriculture and Human Values 21 (1):15-25.
    This article applies some ofthe insights from framing studies in policyresearch, metaphor analysis, and the history ofmedicine to a cultural understanding ofagriculture, using the 2001 outbreak of footand mouth disease in the UK as a case study.The article will show how metaphors of war wereused as a “rhetorical frame” by the media andas an implicit “action frame” by policy makers.It will be argued that although the war framemight initially have been useful in rallyingsupport for the slaughter policy, the metaphorlater backfired, (...)
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  6.  4
    Semantic theories in Europe, 1830-1930: from etymology to contextuality.Brigitte Nerlich - 1992 - Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
    It is widely believed by historians of linguistics that the 19th-century was largely devoted to historical and comparative studies, with the main emphasis on the discovery of soundlaws. Syntax is typically portrayed as a mere sideline of these studies, while semantics is seldom even mentioned. If it comes into view at all, it is usually assumed to have been confined to diachronic lexical semantics and the construction of some (mostly ill-conceived) typologies of semantic change. This book aims to destroy some (...)
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  7.  13
    Tropical Truth(S): The Epistemology of Metaphor and Other Tropes.Armin Burkhardt & Brigitte Nerlich (eds.) - 2010 - De Gruyter.
    The 18 contributions to this volume deal with a variety of 'tropes', such as metaphor, metonymy, synecdoche, irony, euphemism, antonomasia and hyperbole. Using various approaches or paradigms the authors aim to find answers to the crucial epistemological questions, namely whether and to what extent utterances containing tropes can be said to be true or false.
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  8.  3
    Communicating Biological Sciences: Ethical and Metaphorical Dimensions.Brigitte Nerlich & Richard Elliott - 2009 - Routledge.
    Communicating Biological Sciences discusses the 'ethics' of science communication in light of recent developments in biotechnology and biomedicine. It focuses on the role of metaphors in the creation of visions and the framing of scientific advances, as well as their impact on patterns of public acceptance and rejection, trust and scepticism. Its rigorous investigation will appeal not only to science writers and scientists, but also to scholars of sociology, science and technology studies, media and journalism.
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  9.  8
    Cómo hacer cosas con palabras polisémicas: El uso de la ambigüedad en el lenguaje ordinario.Brigitte Nerlich & Pedro J. Chamizo Domínguez - 2016 - Contrastes: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 4.
    RESUMENSe asume normalmente que, en las conversaciones ordinarias, los hablantes evitan los significados múltiplesy que los oyentes desambiguan automáticamente las proferencias en función del contexto. En contraste, nosotros queremos hacer ver que la gente explota activamente la polisemia en la conversación a fin de establecer y consolidar los lazos sociales entre los hablantes. y esto también consolida a la larga, el sistema compartido de significados. nuestra investigación sobre el uso pragmático de la polisemia constrasta con la investigación tradicional sobre la (...)
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  10.  37
    Fracking on YouTube: Exploring Risks, Benefits and Human Values.Rusi Jaspal, Andrew Turner & Brigitte Nerlich - 2014 - Environmental Values 23 (5):501-527.
    Fracking or the extraction of shale gas through hydraulic fracturing of rock has become a contested topic, especially in the United States, where it has been deployed on a large scale, and in Europe where it is still largely speculative. Research is beginning to investigate the environmental and economic costs and benefits as well as public perceptions of this new energy technology. However, so far the social and psychological impact of fracking on those involved in it, such as gas workers, (...)
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  11.  9
    Mind, meaning and metaphor: the philosophy and psychology of metaphor in 19th-century Germany.Brigitte Nerlich & David D. Clarke - 2001 - History of the Human Sciences 14 (2):39-61.
    This article explores a German philosophy of metaphor, which proposed a close link between the body and the mind as the basis for metaphor, debunked the view that metaphor is just a decorative rhetorical device and questioned the distinction between the literal and the figurative. This philosophy of metaphor developed at the intersection between a reflection on language and thought and a reflection on the nature of beauty in aesthetics. Thinkers such as Giambattista Vico, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Jean Paul (...)
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  12.  14
    Framing the 2020 Coronavirus Pandemic: Metaphors, Images and Symbols.Martin Döring & Brigitte Nerlich - 2022 - Metaphor and Symbol 37 (2):71-75.
    In December 2019, 18 years after the outbreak of SARS, a new SARS-like virus began to circulate and rapidly spread in the People's R...
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  13.  5
    Science and the politics of openness : Here be monsters.Sarah Hartley, Sujatha Raman, Alexander Smith & Brigitte Nerlich (eds.) - 2018 - Manchester University Press.
    The phrase 'here be monsters' or 'here be dragons' is commonly believed to have been used on ancient maps to indicate unexplored territories which might hide unknown beasts. This book maps and explores places between science and politics that have been left unexplored, sometimes hiding in plain sight - in an era when increased emphasis was put on 'openness'. The book is rooted in a programme of research funded by the Leverhulme Trust entitled: 'Making Science Public: Challenges and opportunities, which (...)
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  14.  7
    Metáfora y Conocimiento.Iraide Ibarretxe-Antuñano & Brigitte Nerlich - 2000 - Metaphor and Symbol 15 (1):109-116.
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  15.  4
    Are rules and entries enough? Historical reflections on a longstanding controversy.Brigitte Nerlich & David D. Clarke - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (6):1032-1033.
    For language to function we clearly need two formal ordering principles: lexical entries and rules. Clahsen's target article provides multiple empirical evidence for this distinction, but this may be simply to overconfirm the undeniable and to overlook the hidden motor of language use and language development, namely, function. Since at least 1859, linguists have argued for the primacy of function, and these arguments are worth rediscovering today.
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  16.  3
    Cómo hacer cosas con palabras polisémicas: El uso de la ambigüedad en el lenguaje ordinario.Brigitte Nerlich & Pedro José Chamizo Domínguez - 1999 - Contrastes: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 4:77-96.
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  17.  10
    Language, Action, and Context: The Early History of Pragmatics in Europe and America, 1780-1930.Brigitte Nerlich & David D. Clarke - 1996 - John Benjamins Publishing.
    The roots of pragmatics reach back to Antiquity, especially to rhetoric as one of the three liberal arts. However, until the end of the 18th century proto-pragmatic insights tended to be consigned to the pragmatic, that is rhetoric, wastepaper basket and thus excluded from serious philosophical consideration. It can be said that pragmatics was conceived between 1780 and 1830 in Britain, but also in Germany and in France in post-Lockian and post-Kantian philosophies of language. These early ‘conceptions’ of pragmatics are (...)
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  18. Metonymy.Brigitte Nerlich - 2006 - In Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier. pp. 109--113.
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  19.  5
    Media, Metaphors and Modelling: How the UK Newspapers Reported the Epidemiological Modelling Controversy during the 2001 Foot and Mouth Outbreak.Brigitte Nerlich - 2007 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 32 (4):432-457.
    The relation between theoretical models and metaphors has been studied since at least the 1950s. The relation between metaphors and mathematical modelling is less well researched. This article takes the media coverage of the foot and mouth modelling exercise in 2001 as an occasion to examine the metaphors of mathematical modelling that were proposed by the UK press during that time to make sense of this new scientific policy tool. One can detect a gradual change in metaphor use by the (...)
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  20.  4
    Making the pandemic normal.Brigitte Nerlich - 2022 - Claridades. Revista de Filosofía 14 (2):183-195.
    In 2019 a novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, spread around the world and a global pandemic was declared early in 2020. Currently, the pandemic has still not been brought under control. Over time, many new words have seeped into ordinary language and old words have changed their meanings. In this article, I trace the semantic development of the word ‘endemic’ which spread from science discourse into political discourse and then into public discourse and became a euphemism. People are told that they should (...)
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  21.  3
    Synecdoche as a cognitive and communicative strategy.Brigitte Nerlich & David D. Clarke - 1999 - In Andreas Blank & Peter Koch (eds.), Historical semantics and cognition. New York: Mouton de Gruyter. pp. 197--214.
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  22. The emergence of linguistic semantics in the 19th and early 20th century.Brigitte Nerlich - 2019 - In Claudia Maienborn, Klaus von Heusinger & Paul Portner (eds.), Semantics: foundations, history and methods. Boston: De Gruyter.
     
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  23.  2
    War on foot and mouth disease in the UK, 2001: Towards a cultural understanding of agriculture. [REVIEW]Brigitte Nerlich - 2004 - Agriculture and Human Values 21 (1):15-25.
    This article applies some ofthe insights from framing studies in policyresearch, metaphor analysis, and the history ofmedicine to a cultural understanding ofagriculture, using the 2001 outbreak of footand mouth disease in the UK as a case study.The article will show how metaphors of war wereused as a “rhetorical frame” by the media andas an implicit “action frame” by policy makers.It will be argued that although the war framemight initially have been useful in rallyingsupport for the slaughter policy, the metaphorlater backfired, (...)
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