23 found
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  1.  5
    The Forerunner of All Things: Buddhaghosa on Mind, Intention, and Agency.Maria Heim - 2013 - Oup Usa.
    Scholars have long been intrigued by the Buddha's defining action (karma) as intention. This book explores systematically how intention, agency, and moral psychology were interpreted in all branches of early Theravada thought, paying special attention to the thought of the 5th-century commentator Buddhaghosa.
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  2.  25
    Recent Work in Moral Anthropology.Maria Heim & Anne Monius - 2014 - Journal of Religious Ethics 42 (3):385-392.
    This special focus issue brings to the Journal of Religious Ethics fresh considerations of moral anthropology as practiced by four emergent voices within the field. Each of these essays, in varying ways, seeks not only to advance an understanding of ethics in a particular time, place, and context, but to draw our attention to shared aspects of the human condition: its discontinuities and fractures, its practices of perception and attention, its interplays of emotion, intuition, and reason, and its thoroughly intersubjective (...)
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  3.  8
    The Workings of Contempt in Classical Indian Texts.Maria Heim - 2023 - Emotion Review 15 (3):216-223.
    This article examines Sanskrit and Pali conceptions of contempt, and explores how they work in a number of ancient Indian genres, with a sustained focus on the Rāmāyaṇa. The article argues that while Indian texts often analyze emotion words and concepts systematically and with intricate granularity, contempt was not seen as an interior state to be theorized or managed therapeutically or morally. Rather, words for contempt are used to describe behaviors, etiquette, and social relationships, and are principally concerned with stipulating (...)
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  4.  9
    Buddhist Ethics.Maria Heim - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    'Ethics' was not developed as a separate branch of philosophy in Buddhist traditions until the modern period, though Buddhist philosophers have always been concerned with the moral significance of thoughts, emotions, intentions, actions, virtues, and precepts. Their most penetrating forms of moral reflection have been developed within disciplines of practice aimed at achieving freedom and peace. This Element first offers a brief overview of Buddhist thought and modern scholarly approaches to its diverse forms of moral reflection. It then explores two (...)
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  5.  37
    Theories of the gift in South Asia: Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain reflections on dāna.Maria Heim - 2004 - London: Routledge.
    In South Asia, the period between 1100 and 1300 CE was a particularly prolific time for theorists from India's three main indigenous religions - Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism - to articulate their views on the face-to-face gift encounter. Their gift theories shaped a cosmopolitan sensibility that shared ethical and aesthetic values that reached across regional, sectarian, and religious boundaries. This book explores the ethical and social implications of unilateral gifts of esteem, offering a perceptive guide to the uniquely South Asian (...)
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  6.  5
    The Bloomsbury research handbook of emotions in classical Indian philosophy.Maria Heim, Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad & Roy Tzohar (eds.) - 2021 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    Drawing on a rich variety of Indian texts across multiple traditions, including Vedanta, Buddhist, Yoga and Jain, this collection explores how emotional experience is framed, evoked and theorized in order to offer compelling insights into human subjectivity. Rather than approaching emotion through the prism of Western theory, a team of leading Indian philosophers showcase the unique literary texture, philosophical reflections and theoretical paradigms that classical Indian sources provide in their own right. From solitude in the Saundarananda and psychosomatic theories of (...)
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  7.  42
    In a Double Way: Nāmarūpa in Buddhaghosa's Phenomenology.Maria Heim & Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad - 2019 - Philosophy East and West 68 (4):1085-1115.
    Thus one should define, in a double way, name and form in all phenomena of the three realms. …In this essay, we want to bring together two issues for their mutual illumination: the particular use of that hoary Indian dyad, "nāma-rūpa," literally, "name-and-form," by Buddhaghosa, the influential fifth-century Theravāda writer, to organize the categories of the abhidhamma, the canonical classification of phenomenal factors and their formulaic ordering;1 and an interpretation of phenomenology as a methodology. We argue that Buddhaghosa does not (...)
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  8. Some Analyses of Feeling.Maria Heim - 2021 - In Maria Heim, Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad & Roy Tzohar (eds.), The Bloomsbury research handbook of emotions in classical Indian philosophy. Bloomsbury Academic.
     
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  9.  18
    Response to Focus Issue: Buddhist Moral Emotions.Maria Heim - 2024 - Journal of Religious Ethics 51 (4):805-814.
    Heim responds to the five articles by anthropologists concerned with contemporary Buddhist practices and ideologies of emotions, arguing that a history of emotions approach that attends to the centrality of emotions and their evaluations can be important for ethics. She submits that while sometimes studies of moral psychology in Buddhist ethics have focused on individuals, these articles suggest how emotions can have a very public and collective impact on social, economic, and political life. She is also interested in how these (...)
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  10.  62
    The conceit of self-loathing.Maria Heim - 2009 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 37 (1):61-74.
    This article explores the psychological intricacies of the Theravādin interpretation of the “conceit of inferiority” (omāna), which is considered to be one of the standard types of pride or conceit (māna). Considering oneself inferior involves an inflated and contrived construction of oneself, akin to other varieties of conceit. Yet (omāna) is a curious form of pride, involving as it does much selfabasement, and even loathing and despising of oneself. Drawing primarily on Abhidhamma canonical and commentarial texts, the article investigates how (...)
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  11.  8
    The Nature of the Beast: Hatred in Cross-Traditional Religious and Philosophical Perspective.Joel Gereboff, Keith Green, Diana Fritz Cates & Maria Heim - 2009 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 29 (2):175-205.
    HATRED IS A PHENOMENON OF TREMENDOUS ETHICAL SIGNIFICANCE, YET it is poorly understood today. This essay explores some of the ways in which hatred is conceptualized and evaluated within different philosophical and religious traditions. Attention is focused on the Hebrew Bible and on the writings of Aristotle, Cicero, Seneca, Aquinas, and Buddhaghosa. Subtle differences mark various tradition-rooted accounts of the nature, causes, and effects of hatred. These differences yield different judgments about hatred's value and imply different methods for addressing the (...)
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  12. Buddhism.Maria Heim - 2007 - In John Corrigan (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Emotion. Oup Usa.
     
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  13. Careful attention and the voice of another.Maria Heim - 2019 - In Brian Black & Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad (eds.), In Dialogue with Classical Indian Traditions: Encounter, Transformation and Interpretation. Routledge.
     
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  14.  14
    Controversies over Buddhist Nuns.Maria Heim, Bhikkhunī Juo-Hsüeh Shih & Bhikkhuni Juo-Hsueh Shih - 2002 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 122 (4):916.
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  15.  8
    Collected Papers on Jaina Studies.Maria Heim & Padmanabh S. Jaini - 2003 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 123 (1):217.
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  16.  12
    Collected Papers on Buddhist Studies.Maria Heim & Padmanabh S. Jaini - 2003 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 123 (1):219.
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  17.  12
    Differentiations in Hindu ethics.Maria Heim - 2005 - In William Schweiker (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Religious Ethics. Blackwell. pp. 341--354.
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  18. Introduction.Maria Heim, Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad & Roy Tzohar - 2021 - In Maria Heim, Chakravarthi Ram-Prasad & Roy Tzohar (eds.), The Bloomsbury research handbook of emotions in classical Indian philosophy. Bloomsbury Academic.
     
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  19.  4
    Mind in Theravāda Buddhism.Maria Heim - 2013 - In Steven M. Emmanuel (ed.), A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy. Chichester, UK: Wiley. pp. 377–394.
    The most precise and intricate model of mind from the tradition, the Theravāda, is developed in the Abhidhamma. Much of the first book of the canonical Abhidhamma, the Dhammasangani breaks down conscious awareness into its constitutive mental factors. The Dhammasangani goes on to supply a list of 56 mental factors (cetasika). The 56 factors that can occur in this moment of good conscious awareness are listed in the chapter, along with additional factors added by the commentary; in separate columns are (...)
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  20.  2
    The Philosophy of Emotion in Buddhist Philosophy (and a Close Look at Remorse and Regret).Maria Heim - 2019 - Journal of Buddhist Philosophy 5 (1):2-25.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:The Philosophy of Emotion in Buddhist Philosophy (and a Close Look at Remorse and Regret)Maria HeimIt is an honor to guest-edit a special issue for the Journal of Buddhist Philosophy for its inaugural issue, and even more to be invited to write a somewhat longer article than is typically the privilege of the guest editor. It was thought that something of a broader statement of the state of the (...)
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  21.  72
    Buddhist ethics: A review essay. [REVIEW]Maria Heim - 2011 - Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (3):571-584.
    I argue that three recent studies (Imagining the Life Course, by Nancy Eberhardt; Sensory Biographies, by Robert Desjarlais; and How to Behave, by Anne Hansen) advance the field of Buddhist Ethics in the direction of the empirical study of morality. I situate their work within a larger context of moral anthropology, that is, the study of human nature in its limits and capacities for moral agency. Each of these books offers a finely grained account of particular and local Buddhist ways (...)
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  22. Book Review. [REVIEW]Maria Heim - 2003 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 123 (1):217-219.
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  23.  13
    Speaking For Buddhas: Scriptural Commentary in Indian Buddhism by Richard F. Nance (review). [REVIEW]Maria Heim - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (4):660-664.