Results for 'Douglas B. Grisaffe'

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  1.  75
    Generation Y’s Ethical Ideology and Its Potential Workplace Implications.Rebecca A. VanMeter, Douglas B. Grisaffe, Lawrence B. Chonko & James A. Roberts - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 117 (1):93-109.
    Generation Y is a cohort of the population larger than the baby boom generation. Consisting of approximately 80 million people born between 1981 and 2000, Generation Y is the most recent cohort to enter the workforce. Workplaces are being redefined and organizations are being pressed to adapt as this new wave of workers is infused into business environments. One critical aspect of this phenomenon not receiving sufficient research attention is the impact of Gen Y ethical beliefs and ethical conduct in (...)
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  2. Human Flourishing and the Appeal to Human Nature*: DOUGLAS B. RASMUSSEN.Douglas B. Rasmussen - 1999 - Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (1):1-43.
    If “perfectionism” in ethics refers to those normative theories that treat the fulfillment or realization of human nature as central to an account of both goodness and moral obligation, in what sense is “human flourishing” a perfectionist notion? How much of what we take “human flourishing” to signify is the result of our understanding of human nature? Is the content of this concept simply read off an examination of our nature? Is there no place for diversity and individuality? Is the (...)
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  3.  77
    The Importance of Metaphysical Realism for Ethical Knowledge: Douglas B. Rasmussen.Douglas B. Rasmussen - 2008 - Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (1):56-99.
    In this essay, I consider whether the alleged demise of metaphysical realism does actually provide a better way for defending the cognitive status of ethical judgments. I argue that the rejection of a realist ontology and epistemology does not help to establish the claim that ethical knowledge is possible. More specifically, I argue that Hilary Putnam's argument does not succeed in making a case for ethical knowledge. In fact, his account of the procedures by which our valuations are warranted—the criteria (...)
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  4.  47
    The Perfectionist Turn*: Douglas J. Den Uyl and Douglas B. Rasmussen.Douglas J. Den Uyl & Douglas B. Rasmussen - 2013 - Social Philosophy and Policy 30 (1-2):69-94.
    This essay asks whether what is good for someone is distinct from her self-perfection, and whether it makes sense to understand either her good or her self-perfection in terms of the other. The essay adopts a traditional naturalistic understanding of perfection. It argues, however, that the conception of human nature that underlies the perfectionist view must be more individualistic than it is often taken to be. It goes on to distinguish individuative from generic features of human nature; because the account (...)
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  5.  2
    Why Am and Eurisko Appear to Work.Douglas B. Lenat & John Seely Brown - 1984 - Artificial Intelligence 23 (3):269-294.
  6.  4
    Norms of Liberty: A Perfectionist Basis for Non-Perfectionist Politics.Douglas B. Rasmussen & Douglas J. Den Uyl - 2005 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    How can we establish a political/legal order that in principle does not require the human flourishing of any person or group to be given structured preference over that of any other? Addressing this question as the central problem of political philosophy,_ Norms of Liberty_ offers a new conceptual foundation for political liberalism that takes protecting liberty, understood in terms of individual negative rights, as the primary aim of the political/legal order. Rasmussen and Den Uyl argue for construing individual rights as (...)
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  7. Here is the Evidence, Now What is the Hypothesis? The Complementary Roles of Inductive and Hypothesis‐Driven Science in the Post‐Genomic Era.Douglas B. Kell & Stephen G. Oliver - 2004 - Bioessays 26 (1):99-105.
  8.  3
    Liberty and Nature an Aristotelian Defense of Liberal Order.Douglas B. Rasmussen & Douglas J. Den Uyl - 1991 - Open Court.
    Aristotle's way of thinking has normally been understood as hostile to any liberal, pluralistic, or commercial society. In Liberal Nature, Rasmussen and Den Uyl set out to show that the Aristotelian approach to ethics supports the natural rights which form the most secure basis for liberal principles. The authors lay the foundations for their thesis by rebutting the most prominent arguments against the Aristotelian approach; they then offer a new interpretation for Aristotelian ethics as a natural-end ethics in which human (...)
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  9. Eurisko: A Program That Learns New Heuristics and Domain Concepts.Douglas B. Lenat - 1983 - Artificial Intelligence 21 (1-2):61-98.
  10.  1
    On the Thresholds of Knowledge.Douglas B. Lenat & Edward A. Feigenbaum - 1991 - Artificial Intelligence 47 (1-3):185-250.
  11.  14
    Is It Better to Select or to Receive? Learning Via Active and Passive Hypothesis Testing.Douglas B. Markant & Todd M. Gureckis - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (1):94-122.
  12.  21
    Rand on Obligation and Value.Douglas B. Rasmussen - 2002 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 4 (1):69 - 86.
    Douglas B. Rasmussen examines, in this revised and extended version of his 1990 address to the Ayn Rand Society, whether Rand's ethics are best interpreted as dependent on a "pre-moral" choice. He argues that such an interpretation undercuts Rand's claim to provide a rational foundation for ethics. He suggests an alternative, neo-Aristotelian interpretation of Rand's ethics, which treats "man's survival qua man" as the telos of human choice and takes the obligation to achieve this ultimate end as the result (...)
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  13.  23
    Corrected Feedback: A Procedure to Enhance Recall of Informed Consent to Research Among Substance Abusing Offenders.Douglas B. Marlowe, Jason R. Croft, Karen L. Dugosh, David S. Festinger & Patricia L. Arabia - 2010 - Ethics and Behavior 20 (5):387-399.
    This study examined the efficacy of corrected feedback for improving consent recall throughout the course of an ongoing longitudinal study. Participants were randomly assigned to either a corrected feedback or a no-feedback control condition. Participants completed a consent quiz 2 weeks after consenting to the host study and at months 1, 2, and 3. The corrected feedback group received corrections to erroneous responses and the no-feedback control group did not. The feedback group displayed significantly greater recall overall and in specific (...)
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  14. The Nature of Heuristics.Douglas B. Lenat - 1982 - Artificial Intelligence 19 (2):189-249.
  15. The Ubiquity of Discovery.Douglas B. Lenat - 1977 - Artificial Intelligence 9 (3):257-285.
  16.  40
    Qualitative Character and Sensory Representation.Douglas B. Meehan - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):630-641.
    Perceptual experience seems to involve distinct intentional and qualitative features. Inasmuch as one can visually perceive that there is a Coke can in front of one, perceptual experience must be intentional. But such experiences seem to differ from paradigmatic intentional states in having introspectible qualitative character. Peacocke argues that a perceptual experience’s qualitative character is determined by intrinsic, nonrepresentational properties. But and also argues that perceptual experiences have nonconceptual representational content in addition to conceptual content and nonrepresentational sensational properties. He (...)
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  17.  33
    The Significance for Cognitive Realism of the Thought of John Poinsot.Douglas B. Rasmussen - 1994 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 68 (3):409-424.
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  18. A Groundwork for Rights: Man's Natural End.Douglas B. Rasmussen - 1980 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 4 (1):65-76.
     
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  19.  17
    Applied Ontology Issues.Douglas B. Lenat - 2005 - Applied ontology 1 (1):9-12.
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  20.  9
    Reality, Reason, and Rights: Essays in Honor of Tibor R. Machan.Douglas B. Rasmussen, Aeon J. Skoble & Douglas J. Den Uyl (eds.) - 2011 - Lexington Books.
    This collection of essays seeks to explore Tibor R. Machan’s philosophical ideas by considering some of the basic issues with which he has been concerned throughout his long and highly productive career.
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  21. Assessment of the Ways Students Generate Arguments in Science Education: Current Perspectives and Recommendations for Future Directions.Victor Sampson & Douglas B. Clark - 2008 - Science Education 92 (3):447-472.
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  22.  22
    Reality Revealed: The Theory of Multidimensional Reality.Douglas B. Vogt - 1977 - Vector Associates.
  23.  90
    Quine and Aristotelian Essentialism.Douglas B. Rasmussen - 1984 - New Scholasticism 58 (3):316-335.
  24.  18
    Self‐Directed Learning Favors Local, Rather Than Global, Uncertainty.Douglas B. Markant, Burr Settles & Todd M. Gureckis - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (1):100-120.
    Collecting information that one expects to be useful is a powerful way to facilitate learning. However, relatively little is known about how people decide which information is worth sampling over the course of learning. We describe several alternative models of how people might decide to collect a piece of information inspired by “active learning” research in machine learning. We additionally provide a theoretical analysis demonstrating the situations under which these models are empirically distinguishable, and we report a novel empirical study (...)
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  25.  6
    Memory Enhancements From Active Control of Learning Emerge Across Development.Azzurra Ruggeri, Douglas B. Markant, Todd M. Gureckis, Maria Bretzke & Fei Xu - 2019 - Cognition 186:82-94.
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  26. Norms of Liberty : Challenges and Prospects.Douglas B. Rasmussen & Douglas J. Den Uyl - 2008 - In Aeon J. Skoble (ed.), Reading Rasmussen and Den Uyl: Critical Essays on Norms of Liberty. Lexington Books.
  27.  15
    Violence, Law, and Politics: Hannah Arendt and Robert M. Cover in Comparative Perspective.Douglas B. Klusmeyer - 2015 - Criminal Justice Ethics 34 (3):312-337.
  28.  19
    Rejoinder to Tibor R. Machan, "Rand and Choice" (Spring 2006): Regarding Choice and the Foundation of Morality: Reflections on Rand's Ethics.Douglas B. Rasmussen - 2006 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 7 (2):309 - 328.
    This essay examines the relationship between human choice and Rand's ethical standard for moral goodness and obligation. It shows that the neo-Aristotclian interpretation of Rand's ethics—an interpretation that does not accept the doctrine of "premoral choice" but instead claims that flourishing as a rational animal is the telos of human life and choice—is crucial to the viability of her ethical theory. The defenders of premoral choice confuse the conceptual order with the real and, despite their intentions, make Rand's ethics into (...)
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  29.  18
    Free Market Madness: Why Human Nature is at Odds with Economics—and Why It Matters: Harvard Business Press, 2009, 224 Pp., $17.79. Hb. Isbn 1422126099. [REVIEW]Douglas B. Rogers - 2010 - Journal of Value Inquiry 44 (4):575-579.
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  30. Learning Progressions and Science Practices.Ashlyn E. Pierson, Douglas B. Clark & Gregory J. Kelly - 2019 - Science & Education 28 (8):833-841.
  31. Theory Formation by Heuristic Search.Douglas B. Lenat - 1983 - Artificial Intelligence 21 (1-2):31-59.
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  32.  48
    Scientific Discovery as a Combinatorial Optimisation Problem: How Best to Navigate the Landscape of Possible Experiments?Douglas B. Kell - 2012 - Bioessays 34 (3):236-244.
    A considerable number of areas of bioscience, including gene and drug discovery, metabolic engineering for the biotechnological improvement of organisms, and the processes of natural and directed evolution, are best viewed in terms of a ‘landscape’ representing a large search space of possible solutions or experiments populated by a considerably smaller number of actual solutions that then emerge. This is what makes these problems ‘hard’, but as such these are to be seen as combinatorial optimisation problems that are best attacked (...)
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  33.  38
    The American Republic, Executive Power and the National Security State: Hannah Arendt's and Hans Morgenthau's Critiques of the Vietnam War.Douglas B. Klusmeyer - 2011 - Journal of International Political Theory 7 (1):63-94.
    There is nothing new or even faintly original in the neoconservative foreign policy vision. It simply recycles the old national security ideology for a post-Cold War era. Consistent with this ideological agenda, conservatives have also been advancing the case for the strong executive who operates above the law. In championing the principle of the strong executive, they are seeking to re-define the meaning of modern republicanism around this principle. During the 1960s Hannah Arendt and Hans Morgenthau developed a broad critique (...)
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  34.  32
    Realism, Intentionality, and the Nature of Logical Relations.Douglas B. Rasmussen - 1992 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 66:267.
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  35.  28
    Simpson, Douglas B. And Jackson, Michael J. B., Educational Reform: A Deweyan Perspective.Barbara S. Stengel - 1999 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 18 (6):435-443.
  36.  2
    The Next Wanglie Case: The Problems of Litigating Medical Ethics.Douglas B. Mishkin - 1991 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 2 (4):282.
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  37.  15
    Two Dogmas of Egalitarianism.Douglas B. Rasmussen & Douglas J. Den Uyl - 2020 - Journal des Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 26 (1).
    It is more than clear that in our previous works—Norms of Liberty and The Perfectionist Turn—we are opposing what is generally understood as egalitarianism in political philosophy. Our purpose here is to clarify our opposition by showing that our rejection of egalitarianism cannot be successfully accused of being inconsistent with morality itself. We believe that discussing what we call “two dogmas of egalitarianism” will go some distance in accomplishing that end. These “dogmas” can be stated as follows: The burden of (...)
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  38.  40
    Phenomenal Space and the Unity of Conscious Experience.Douglas B. Meehan - 2003 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 9.
    One's contemporaneous conscious mental states seem bound in a single, unified experience. Dainton argues, against what he calls the S-Thesis, that we cannot explain such co-consciousness in terms of states' being located in a single phenomenal space, a functional space posited to explain our ability to locate ourselves relative to perceived stimuli. But Dainton's argument rests on a conflation of egocentric and allocentric self-localizing, and thus fails to undermine the S-Thesis. Nevertheless, experiments on visual neglect suggest one can have unconscious (...)
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  39.  30
    Liberalism in Retreat.Douglas B. Rasmussen - 2009 - Review of Metaphysics 62 (4):875-908.
    This essay presents a brief summary of the Sen/Nussbaum conception of liberalism, offers some main points of criticism, and contrasts their conception of human flourishing and politics with an alternative one. The ultimate aim will be to show that they do not advance the cause of liberalism properly understood but actually retreat from it. The “human capabilities argument,” “public reasoning,” “internalist essentialism,” and other key concepts are discussed. The paper concludes that Sen and Nussbaum fail to adequately defend the premises (...)
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  40.  52
    The Open-Question Argument and the Issue of Conceivability.Douglas B. Rasmussen - 1982 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 56:162.
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  41. Mangerial Ethics.Douglas B. Rasmussen - 1988 - In Tibor R. Machan (ed.), Commerce and Morality. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 23.
     
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  42. Necessary Truth, the Game Analogy, and the Meaning-is-Truth Thesis.Douglas B. Rasmussen - 1982 - The Thomist 46 (3):423.
     
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  43. Rorty and the Nature of Intentionality.Douglas B. Rasmussen - 1983 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 57:152.
     
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  44. Rorty, Wittgenstein, and the Nature of Intentionality.Douglas B. Rasmussen - 1983 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 57:152-162.
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  45.  14
    Rejoinder to Robert Hartford, "Objectivity and the Proof of Egoism" (Spring 2007): Rand's Metaethics.Douglas B. Rasmussen - 2007 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 8 (2):307 - 316.
    In response to Robert Hartford's criticisms of his Spring 2006 Journal of Ayn Rand Studies essay, "Regarding Choice and the Foundations of Morality," Rasmussen argues against "the official" interpretation of Rand's ethics as resting on a basic "choice to live." Drawing from his work with Douglas Den Uyl, Rasmussen argues that Rand's metaethics is best understood in "biocentric," neo-Aristotelian terms: that human choice does not set the context in which it operates and that "man's life qua man" is the (...)
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  46.  13
    Rand's Metaethics.Douglas B. Rasmussen - 2007 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 8 (2):307-316.
    In response to Robert Hartford's criticisms of his Spring 2006 Journal of Ayn Rand Studies essay, "Regarding Choice and the Foundations of Morality," Rasmussen argues against "the official" interpretation of Rand's ethics as resting on a basic "choice to live." Drawing from his work with Douglas Den Uyl, Rasmussen argues that Rand's metaethics is best understood in "biocentric," neo-Aristotelian terms: that human choice does not set the context in which it operates and that "man's life qua man" is the (...)
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  47.  6
    In The End Is The Beginning: A Review of Jürgen Moltmann's Systematic Contributions. [REVIEW]Douglas B. Farrow - 1998 - Modern Theology 14 (3):425-447.
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  48. A Critique of Rawls' "Theory of Justice".Douglas B. Rasmussen - 1974 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 55 (3):303.
     
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  49. Jack W. Meiland and Michael Krausz, Eds.: "Relativism". [REVIEW]Douglas B. Rasmussen - 1986 - The Thomist 50 (2):309.
     
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  50.  39
    Medically Inappropriate or Futile Treatment: Deliberation and Justification.Cheryl J. Misak, Douglas B. White & Robert D. Truog - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (1):90-114.
    This paper reframes the futility debate, moving away from the question “Who decides when to end what is considered to be a medically inappropriate or futile treatment?” and toward the question “How can society make policy that will best account for the multitude of values and conflicts involved in such decision-making?” It offers a pragmatist moral epistemology that provides us with a clear justification of why it is important to take best standards, norms, and physician judgment seriously and a clear (...)
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