Standards of Scientific Conduct: Disciplinary Differences

Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (5):1085-1093 (2015)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Teaching of responsible conduct of research is largely predicated on the assumption that there are accepted standards of conduct that can be taught. However there is little evidence of consensus in the scientific community about such standards, at least for the practices of authorship, collaboration, and data management. To assess whether such differences in standards are based on disciplinary differences, a survey, described previously, addressing standards, practices, and perceptions about teaching and learning was distributed in November 2010 to US faculty from 50 graduate programs for the biomedical disciplines of microbiology, neuroscience, nursing, and psychology. Despite evidence of statistically significant differences across the four disciplines, actual differences were quite small. Stricter measures of effect size indicated practically significant disciplinary differences for fewer than 10 % of the questions. This suggests that the variation in individual standards of practice within each discipline is at least as great as variation due to differences among disciplines. Therefore, the need for discipline-specific training may not be as important as sometimes thought

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 91,139

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Standards of Scientific Conduct: Are There Any?Michael Kalichman, Monica Sweet & Dena Plemmons - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (4):885-896.
Standards of ethical conduct for management accountants.Charles J. Woelfel - 1986 - Journal of Business Ethics 5 (5):365 - 371.
An introduction to research ethics.Paul J. Friedman - 1996 - Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (4):443-456.
A Broader Discussion of Authorship.Dena Plemmons - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (2):389-398.

Analytics

Added to PP
2014-09-27

Downloads
26 (#571,586)

6 months
3 (#857,336)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?