8 found
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  1.  17
    Can a robot be an expert? The social meaning of skill and its expression through the prospect of autonomous AgTech.Katharine Legun, Karly Ann Burch & Laurens Klerkx - 2022 - Agriculture and Human Values 40 (2):501-517.
    Artificial intelligence and robotics have increasingly been adopted in agri-food systems—from milking robots to self-driving tractors. New projects extend these technologies in an effort to automate skilled work that has previously been considered dependent on human expertise due to its complexity. In this paper, we draw on qualitative research carried out with farm managers on apple orchards and winegrape vineyards in Aotearoa New Zealand. We investigate how agricultural managers’ perceptions of future agricultural automation relates to their approach to expertise, or (...)
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  2.  11
    Intellectual property meets transdisciplinary co-design: prioritizing responsiveness in the production of new AgTech through located response-ability.Karly Ann Burch, Dawn Nafus, Katharine Legun & Laurens Klerkx - 2022 - Agriculture and Human Values 40 (2):455-474.
    This paper explores the complex relationship between intellectual property (IP) and the transdisciplinary collaborative design (co-design) of new digital technologies for agriculture (AgTech). More specifically, it explores how prioritizing the capturing of IP as a central researcher responsibility can cause disruptions to research relationships and project outcomes. We argue that boundary-making processes associated with IP create a particular context through which responsibility can, and must, be located and cultivated by researchers working within transdisciplinary collaborations. We draw from interview data and (...)
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  3.  13
    The roles and dynamics of transition intermediaries in enabling sustainable public food procurement: insights from Spain.Daniel Gaitán-Cremaschi, Diego Valbuena & Laurens Klerkx - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-25.
    Sustainable Public Food Procurement (SPFP) is gaining recognition for its potential to improve the sustainability of food systems and promote healthier diets. However, SPFP faces various challenges, including coordination issues, actor dynamics, infrastructure limitations, unsustainable habits, and institutional resistance, among others. Drawing upon insights from the Multi-Level Perspective (MLP) on socio-technical transitions and the X-curve model on transition dynamics, this study investigates the role of transition intermediaries in facilitating SPFP-induced transformations in food systems. Focusing on four case studies in Spain, (...)
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  4.  8
    Hands off but Strings Attached: The Contradictions of Policy-induced Demand-driven Agricultural Extension.Laurens Klerkx, Karin Grip & Cees Leeuwis - 2006 - Agriculture and Human Values 23 (2):189-204.
    Although many governments have privatized their agricultural extension services, there is widespread agreement that the public sector still needs to play a role in the “agricultural knowledge market” in order to prevent market failure and other undesirable phenomena. However, appropriate mechanisms for intervention in the agricultural knowledge market are still in their infancy. This article discusses the case of the Nutrient Management Support Service (NMSS), a government-funded support service in The Netherlands designed to optimize the fit between the demand and (...)
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  5.  14
    (Un)intended lock-in: Chile’s organic agriculture law and the possibility of transformation towards more sustainable food systems.Maria Contesse, Jessica Duncan, Katharine Legun & Laurens Klerkx - 2023 - Agriculture and Human Values 41 (1):167-187.
    Food systems transformations require coherent policies and improved understandings of the drivers and institutional dynamics that shape (un)sustainable food systems outcomes. In this paper, we introduce the Chilean National Organic Agriculture Law as a case of a policy process seeking to institutionalize a recognized pathway towards more sustainable food systems. Drawing from institutional theory we make visible multiple, and at times competing, logics (i.e., values, assumptions and practices) of different actors implicated in organic agriculture in Chile. More specifically, our findings (...)
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  6.  11
    Constructing legitimacy for technologies developed in response to environmental regulation: the case of ammonia emission-reducing technology for the Flemish intensive livestock industry.Daniel van der Velden, Joost Dessein, Laurens Klerkx & Lies Debruyne - 2022 - Agriculture and Human Values 40 (2):649-665.
    This study is focused on unsustainable agri-food systems, especially intensive livestock farming and its resulting environmental harms. Specifically we focus on the development of technologies that seek to mitigate these environmental harms. These technologies are generally developed as incremental innovations in response to government regulation. Critics of these technological solutions allege that these developments legitimate unsustainable food production systems and are incapable of supporting agri-food systems transformation. At the same time, technology developers and other actors seek to present these technologies (...)
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  7.  9
    Producer organizations as transition intermediaries? Insights from organic and conventional vegetable systems in Uruguay.Annemarie Groot-Kormelinck, Jos Bijman, Jacques Trienekens & Laurens Klerkx - 2022 - Agriculture and Human Values 39 (4):1277-1300.
    Increased pressures on agri-food systems have indicated the importance of intermediaries to facilitate sustainability transitions. While producer organizations are acknowledged as intermediaries between individual producers and other food system actors, their role as sustainability transition intermediaries remains understudied. This paper explores the potential of producer organizations as transition intermediaries to support producers in their needs to adopt sustainable production practices. Ten cases of producer organizations in conventional (regime) and organic (niche) vegetable systems in Uruguay were studied qualitatively. Findings show that (...)
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  8.  50
    Hands off but Strings Attached: The Contradictions of Policy-induced Demand-driven Agricultural Extension. [REVIEW]Laurens Klerkx, Karin de Grip & Cees Leeuwis - 2006 - Agriculture and Human Values 23 (2):189-204.
    Although many governments have privatized their agricultural extension services, there is widespread agreement that the public sector still needs to play a role in the “agricultural knowledge market” in order to prevent market failure and other undesirable phenomena. However, appropriate mechanisms for intervention in the agricultural knowledge market are still in their infancy. This article discusses the case of the Nutrient Management Support Service (NMSS), a government-funded support service in The Netherlands designed to optimize the fit between the demand and (...)
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