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Jessica Begon
Durham University
  1. Paternalism.Jessica Begon - 2016 - Analysis 76 (3):355-373.
  2. Disability: a justice-based account.Jessica Begon - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 178 (3):935-962.
    Most people have a clear sense of what they mean by disability, and have little trouble identifying conditions they consider disabling. Yet providing a clear and consistent definition of disability is far from straightforward. Standardly, disability is understood as the restriction in our abilities to perform tasks, as a result of an impairment of normal physical or cognitive human functioning. However, which inabilities matter? We are all restricted by our bodies, and are all incapable of performing some tasks, but most (...)
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  3.  73
    What are Adaptive Preferences? Exclusion and Disability in the Capability Approach.Jessica Begon - 2014 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 32 (3):241-257.
    It is a longstanding problem for theorists of justice that many victims of injustice seem to prefer mistreatment, and perpetuate their own oppression. One possible response is to simply ignore such preferences as unreliable ‘adaptive preferences’. Capability theorists have taken this approach, arguing that individuals should be entitled to certain capabilities regardless of their satisfaction without them. Although this initially seems plausible, worries have been raised that undermining the reliability of individuals' strongly-held preferences impugns their rationality, and further excludes already (...)
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  4.  64
    Capabilities for All?Jessica Begon - 2017 - Social Theory and Practice 43 (1):154-179.
    The capability approach aims to ensure all individuals are able to form and pursue their own conception of the good, whilst the state remains neutral between them, and has done much to include oppressed and marginalised groups. Liberal neutrality and social inclusivity are worthy goals, yet I argue that Martha Nussbaum’s influential formulation of the capability approach, at least, cannot meet them. Conceptualising capabilities as opportunities to perform specific, valuable functionings fails to accommodate those who do not value, or cannot (...)
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  5.  7
    Disadvantage, disagreement, and disability: re-evaluating the continuity test.Jessica Begon - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-30.
    The suggestion that individuals should be considered disadvantaged, and consequently entitled to compensation, only if they consider themselves disadvantaged (Dworkin’s ‘continuity test’) is initially appealing. However, it also faces problems. First, if individuals are routinely mistaken, then we routinely fail to assist the deserving. Second, if individuals assess their circumstances differently then the state will provide different levels of assistance to people in identical situations. Thus, should we instead ignore individuals’ convictions and provide assistance that some, at least, do not (...)
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  6.  45
    Athletic policy, passive well-being: Defending freedom in the capability approach.Jessica Begon - 2016 - Economics and Philosophy 32 (1):51-73.
    The capability approach was developed as a response to the ‘equality of what?’ question, which asks what the metric of equality should be. The alternative answers are, broadly, welfare, resources or capabilities. G.A. Cohen has raised influential criticisms of this last response. He suggests that the capability approach’s focus on individuals’ freedom – their capability to control their own lives – renders its view of well-being excessively ‘athletic’, ignoring benefits achieved passively, without the active involvement of the benefitted individual. However, (...)
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  7. Disability, rationality, and justice: disambiguating adaptive preferences.Jessica Begon - 2018 - In Adam Cureton & David T. Wasserman (eds.), The Oxford handbook of philosophy and disability. Oxford University Press.
    Is disability disadvantageous? Although many assume it is paradigmatically so, many disabled individuals disagree. Whom should we trust? On the one hand, pervasive mistrust of already underrepresented groups constitutes a serious epistemic injustice. Yet, on the other, individuals routinely adapt to mistreatment and deprivation and claim to be satisfied. If we take such “adaptive preferences” (APs) at face value, then injustice and oppression may not be recognized or rectified. Thus, we must achieve a balance between taking individuals’ preferences and self-assessment (...)
     
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  8.  60
    Sexual Perversion: A Liberal Account.Jessica Begon - 2019 - Journal of Social Philosophy 50 (3):341-362.
  9.  4
    Disability Through the Lens of Justice.Jessica Begon - 2023 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Disability through the Lens of Justice offers a contextual framework for considering the limitations that disability places on individuals. Specifically, those that prevent individuals from having control in certain domains of their life, by restricting the availability of acceptable options or the ability to choose between them. Begon argues that our theory of justice should be concerned with the lives individuals can lead, and not with whether their bodies and minds function typically. The problem that disability raises is not the (...)
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  10.  44
    The Minority Body: A Theory of Disability, written by Elizabeth Barnes. [REVIEW]Jessica Begon - 2018 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 15 (1):100-103.
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  11.  24
    In Our Best Interest: A Defense of Paternalism By Jason Hanna. [REVIEW]Jessica Begon - 2020 - Analysis 80 (1):199-202.
    In Our Best Interest: A Defense of Paternalism By HannaJasonOxford University Press, 2018. 271 pp. £47.99.
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  12.  38
    Robeyns, Ingrid. Wellbeing, Freedom and Social Justice: The Capability Approach Re-examined. Cambridge: Open Book, 2017. Pp. 268. $41.23 ; $22.87. [REVIEW]Jessica Begon - 2018 - Ethics 129 (1):135-139.
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