Journal of Business Ethics 105 (1):69-81 (2012)

This study investigates the efficacy of three corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives—sponsorship, cause-related marketing (CRM), and philanthropy—on consumer–company identification (C–C identification) and brand attitude and, in turn, consumer citizenship behaviors. CSR reputation is proposed as the moderating variable that affects the relationship between CSR initiatives, C–C identification, and brand attitude. A conceptual model that integrates the hypothesized relationships and the moderating effect of CSR reputation is used to frame the study. Using a between-subjects factorial designed experiment, the results showed that all three CSR initiatives have a significant effect on C–C identification and brand attitude. The level of that influence, however, varied according to a firm’s CSR reputation. Managerial implications of these findings are also discussed.
Keywords Brand attitude  C–C identification  Citizenship behavior  Corporate social responsibility  Cause-related marketing  Philanthropy  Sponsorship
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DOI 10.1007/s10551-011-0948-0
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A Moral Basis for Corporate Philanthropy.Bill Shaw & Frederick R. Post - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (10):745 - 751.

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