An experimental study on the effect of emotion lines in comics

Semiotica 2021 (243):305-324 (2021)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Both mainstream and art comics often use various flourishes surrounding characters’ heads. These so-called “pictorial runes” help convey the emotional states of the characters. In this paper, using panels from Western and Indian comic albums as well as neutral emoticons and basic shapes in different colors, we focus on the following two issues: whether runes increase the awareness in comics readers about the emotional state of the character; and whether a correspondence can be found between the types of runes and specific emotions. Our results show that runes help communicate emotion. Although no one-to-one correspondence was found between the tested runes and specific emotions, it was found that droplets and spikes indicate generic emotions, spirals indicate negative emotions, and twirls indicate confusion and dizziness.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 79,912

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

The Philosophy of Comics.Aaron Meskin - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (12):854-864.
Comics as literature?Aaron Meskin - 2009 - British Journal of Aesthetics 49 (3):219-239.
Chapter 12. Pictorial metaphors of emotion in Japanese comics.Eduardo Urios-Aparisi & Charles J. Forceville - 2009 - In Eduardo Urios-Aparisi & Charles J. Forceville (eds.), Multimodal Metaphor. Mouton de Gruyter.
Comics, Prints, and Multiplicity.Roy T. Cook & Aaron Meskin - 2015 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 73 (1):57-67.
Comics & Seriality.Christy Mag Uidhir - 2016 - In Roy T. Cook, Aaron Meskin & Frank Bramlett (eds.), Routledge Companion to Comics. Routledge. pp. 248-256.
The after-effect of the perception of curved lines.J. F. Bales & G. L. Follansbee - 1935 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (4):499.
The Question Concerning Comics as Technology: Gestell and Grid.E. Priego & P. Wilkins - 2018 - Comics Grid : Journal of Comics Scholarship 8:16-41.
Defining Comics.Aaron Meskin - 2016 - In Aaron Meskin, Frank Bramlett & Roy Cook (eds.), Routledge Companion to Comics. Routledge. pp. 221-229.
A preliminary study of bisection of lines.L. Chidester - 1935 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (4):470.


Added to PP

7 (#1,067,532)

6 months
3 (#242,397)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Bipin Indurkhya
Jagiellonian University
Amitash Ojha
International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad (Alumnus)

Citations of this work

Add more citations