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Jane Oakhill [13]Jane V. Oakhill [3]
  1.  25
    Believability and Syllogistic Reasoning.Jane Oakhill, P. N. Johnson-Laird & Alan Garnham - 1989 - Cognition 31 (2):117-140.
    In this paper we investigate the locus of believability effects in syllogistic reasoning. We identify three points in the reasoning process at which such effects could occur: the initial interpretation of premises, the examination of alternative representations of them (in all of which any valid conclusion must be true), and the “filtering” of putative conclusions. The effect of beliefs at the first of these loci is well established. In this paper we report three experiments that examine whether beliefs have an (...)
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  2.  19
    Referential Continuity and the Coherence of Discourse.Alan Garnham, Jane Oakhill & P. N. Johnson-Laird - 1982 - Cognition 11 (1):29-46.
    Two experiments were carried out to investigate the role of referential continuity in understanding discourse. In experiment 1, a group of university students listened to stories and descriptive passages presented in three different versions: the original passages, versions in which the sentences occured in a random order, and randomised versions in which referential continuity had been restored primarily by replacing pronouns and other terms with fuller and more appropriate noun phrases. The original stories were remembered better, and rated as more (...)
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  3.  72
    The Representation of Characters' Emotional Responses: Do Readers Infer Specific Emotions?Pascal Gygax, Jane Oakhill & Alan Garnham - 2003 - Cognition and Emotion 17 (3):413-428.
    This paper argues that emotional inferences about characters in a text are not as specific as previously assumed.
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  4.  9
    A Language Index of Grammatical Gender Dimensions to Study the Impact of Grammatical Gender on the Way We Perceive Women and Men.Pascal Mark Gygax, Daniel Elmiger, Sandrine Zufferey, Alan Garnham, Sabine Sczesny, Lisa von Stockhausen, Friederike Braun & Jane Oakhill - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    Psycholinguistic investigations of the way readers and speakers perceive gender have shown several biases associated with how gender is linguistically realized in language. Although such variations across languages offer interesting grounds for legitimate cross linguistic comparisons, pertinent characteristics of grammatical systems – especially in terms of their gender asymmetries – have to be clearly identified. In this paper, we present a language index for researchers interested in the effect of grammatical gender on the mental representations of women and men. Our (...)
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  5.  25
    On Theories of Belief Bias in Syllogistic Reasoning.Jane Oakhill & Alan Garnham - 1993 - Cognition 46 (1):87-92.
  6.  23
    Beyond Gender Stereotypes in Language Comprehension: Self Sex-Role Descriptions Affect the Brain’s Potentials Associated with Agreement Processing.Paolo Canal, Alan Garnham & Jane Oakhill - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
    We recorded Event-Related Potentials to investigate differences in the use of gender information during the processing of reflexive pronouns. Pronouns either matched the gender provided by role nouns (such as “king” or “engineer”) or did not. We compared two types of gender information, definitional information, which is semantic in nature (a mother is female), or stereotypical (a nurse is likely to be female). When they followed definitional role-nouns, gender-mismatching pronouns elicited a P600 effect reflecting a failure in the agreement process. (...)
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  7.  22
    Embodiment Effects and Language Comprehension in Alzheimer's Disease.Marika De Scalzi, Jennifer Rusted & Jane Oakhill - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (5):890-917.
    It has been shown that when participants are asked to make sensibility judgments on sentences that describe a transfer of an object toward or away from their body, they are faster to respond when the response requires a movement in the same direction as the transfer described in the sentence. This phenomenon is known as the action compatibility effect. This study investigates whether the ACE exists for volunteers with Alzheimer's disease, whether the ACE can facilitate language comprehension, and also whether (...)
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  8.  10
    Counter-Stereotypical Pictures as a Strategy for Overcoming Spontaneous Gender Stereotypes.Eimear Finnegan, Jane Oakhill & Alan Garnham - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
    The present research investigated the use of counter-stereotypical pictures as a strategy for overcoming spontaneous gender stereotypes when certain social role nouns and professional terms are read. Across two experiments, participants completed a judgment task in which they were presented with word pairs comprised of a role noun with a stereotypical gender bias (e.g., beautician) and a kinship term with definitional gender (e.g., brother). Their task was to quickly decide whether or not both terms could refer to one person. In (...)
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  9.  28
    Editorial: Language, Cognition, and Gender.Alan Garnham, Jane Oakhill, Lisa Von Stockhausen & Sabine Sczesny - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
    This piece is an editorial for an eBook published by Frontiers. The papers originally appeared in a Frontiers special topic associated with two sections of Frontiers in Psychology (Cognition, and Language Sciences).
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  10.  27
    Mental Models as Contexts for Interpreting Texts: Implications From Studies of Anaphora.Alan Garnham & Jane Oakhill - 1990 - Journal of Semantics 7 (4):379-393.
    One of the major tenets of the mental models theory of text comprehension is that the model of the text so far provides (part of) the context for understanding the current sentence. Using two sets of findings on the comprehension of anaphoric expressions, we attempt to provide a more specific interpretation for this statement. We first consider the linguistic distinction between deep and surface anaphors, and the proposal that they are interpreted with reference to mental models and to representations of (...)
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  11.  3
    Peer Audience Effects on Children's Vocal Masculinity and Femininity.Valentina Cartei, David Reby, Alan Garnham, Jane Oakhill & Robin Banerjee - 2022 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 377 (1841):20200397.
    Existing evidence suggests that children from around the age of 8 years strategically alter their public image in accordance with known values and preferences of peers, through the self-descriptive information they convey. However, an important but neglected aspect of this 'self-presentation' is the medium through which such information is communicated: the voice itself. The present study explored peer audience effects on children's vocal productions. Fifty-six children were presented with vignettes where a fictional child, matched to the participant's age and sex, (...)
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  12. OCk, athryn, 163 Byrne, Ruth MJ, 61 Cosmides, Leda, 187 Garnham, Alan, 45, 117.P. N. Johnson-Laird, Jane Oakhill, Josef Perner, Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini, Lance J. Rips, Jennifer A. Sanderson, Michael Siegal & Yohtaro Takano - 1989 - Cognition 31:295.
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  13.  17
    False Recollection in Children with Reading Comprehension Difficulties.Brendan S. Weekes, Stephen Hamilton, Jane V. Oakhill & Robyn E. Holliday - 2008 - Cognition 106 (1):222-233.
  14.  26
    Accounting for Belief Bias in a Mental Model Framework: Comment on Klauer, Musch, and Naumer.Alan Garnham & Jane V. Oakhill - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (2):509-517.
    K. C. Klauer, J. Musch, and B. Naumer (2000) presented a general multinomial model of belief bias effects in syllogistic reasoning. They claimed to map a particular mental model account of belief bias (J. V. Oakhill, P. N. Johnson-Laird, & A. Garnham, 1989) onto this model and to show empirically that it is incorrect. The authors argue that this mental model account does not map onto the multinomial model and that it can account for the data presented by Klauer et (...)
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  15. Janet Cohen Sherman (Massachusetts General Hospital) and Barbara Lust (Cornell University) Children Are in Control.Gary F. Marcus, Jane Oakhill, Alan Garnham, Stephen E. Newstead, Jonathan St Bt Evans, Kimj Vicente, William F. Brewer, Jc Marshall, Karen Emmorey & Stephen M. Kosslyn - 1993 - Cognition 46:297.
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  16.  6
    Postscript: Accounting for Belief Bias in a Mental Model Framework--No Problem for Whom?Alan Garnham & Jane V. Oakhill - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (2):517-518.
    A reply to Klauer and Musch's reply to our commentary on their original article.
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