'Ludewig' Molina and Kant's Libertarian Compatibilism

In Matthias Kaufmann & Alexander Aichele (eds.), A Companion to Luis de Molina. Brill. pp. 405-445 (2014)
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Elaborating on the substantial parallels between Molina’s and Kant’s attempts to reconcile human freedom with divine foreknowledge and natural causal determinism respectively, my aim is to establish a proper historical connection as well. Leibniz is shown to be the crucial mediator in two respects: (i) Kant knew Molina’s account of divine knowledge in general in its Leibnizian version through Baumgarten’s Metaphysica. In this work, scientia media plays no role in the explication as to how God knows absolute future contingents. (ii) In the Critique of Practical Reason Kant resorted to doctrines similar to Molina’s in his criticism of Leibniz’s alternative explication which drew on complete concepts of monads



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Wolfgang Ertl
Keio University

Citations of this work

Kant is a soft determinist.Matthé Scholten - 2022 - European Journal of Philosophy 30 (1):79-95.
Kant’s Reply to the Consequence Argument.Matthé Scholten - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 29 (2):135-158.
Kant on Foreknowledge of Contingent Truths.Desmond Hogan - 2014 - Res Philosophica 91 (1):47-70.

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Kant e la filosofia trascendentale scolastica.Marco Sgarbi - 2011 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 7 (1):163-176.

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