Synthese 193 (10):3079-3098 (2016)

Authors
Robert Mark Simpson
University College London
Joshua DiPaolo
California State University, Fullerton
Abstract
People sometimes try to call others’ beliefs into question by pointing out the contingent causal origins of those beliefs. The significance of such ‘Etiological Challenges’ is a topic that has started attracting attention in epistemology. Current work on this topic aims to show that Etiological Challenges are, at most, only indirectly epistemically significant, insofar as they bring other generic epistemic considerations to the agent’s attention. Against this approach, we argue that Etiological Challenges are epistemically significant in a more direct and more distinctive way. An Etiological Challenge prompts the agent to assess whether her beliefs result from practices of indoctrination, and whether she should reduce confidence in those beliefs, given the anti-reliability of indoctrination as a method of belief-acquisition. Our analysis also draws attention to some of the ways in which epistemic concerns interact with political issues—e.g. relating to epistemic injustice, identity-based discrimination, and segregation—when we’re thinking about the contingent causal origins of our beliefs.
Keywords Indoctrination  Etiology  Genealogy  Disagreement
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DOI 10.1007/s11229-015-0919-6
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References found in this work BETA

Knowledge and its Limits.Timothy Williamson - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
Thought.Gilbert Harman - 1973 - Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

Irrelevant Influences.Katia Vavova - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research:134-152.
Culture and Cognitive Science.Andreas De Block & Daniel Kelly - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
The Surprising Truth About Disagreement.Neil Levy - 2021 - Acta Analytica 36 (2):137-157.

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