Bertille De Vlieger
Université Charles-de-Gaulle - Lille 3
Anna Giustina
University of Liège
In this paper, we argue that knowledge of emotions essentially depends on introspecting the phenomenology of emotional experiences, and that introspection of emotional experiences is a process by stages, where the most fundamental stage is a non-classificatory introspective state, i.e., one that does not depend on the subject’s classifying the introspected emotion as an instance of any experience type. We call such a non-classificatory kind of introspection primitive introspection. Our main goal is to show that, although not sufficient, primitive introspection is a necessary ground to acquire knowledge of emotions. Our main argument is phenomenological: by examining a variety of examples, we suggest that an accurate analysis of the introspective process through which one comes to know, or refines one’s knowledge of, one’s current emotion requires that one primitively introspects it.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Varieties of Reference.Gareth Evans - 1982 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.

View all 47 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Emotional Introspection.William E. Seager - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):666-687.
Introspecting Knowledge.John Gibbons - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (2):559-579.
Introspection Without Judgment.Anna Giustina - 2021 - Erkenntnis 86:407-427.
Fact-Introspection, Thing-Introspection, and Inner Awareness.Anna Giustina & Uriah Kriegel - 2017 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 8 (1):143-164.
Meta-Emotions.Christoph Jäger & Anne Bartsch - 2006 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 73 (1):179-204.
Against Treating Introspection as Perception-Like.Renee Smith - 2010 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 16 (1):79-86.
Introspection as Practice.Pierre Vermersch - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (2-3):17-42.
Intentional Emotions and Knowledge About God.Eva-Maria Düringer - 2014 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 6 (3):153--170.
How Emotions Know: Naturalizing Epistemology Via Emotions.Cecilea Mun - 2019 - In Laura Candiotto (ed.), The Value of Emotions for Knowledge. London: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 27-50.
Introspection and Misdirection.Hilary Kornblith - 1989 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 67 (4):410 – 422.
Introspection.Michael E. Levin - 1985 - Behavior and Philosophy 13 (2):125.


Added to PP index

Total views
67 ( #163,881 of 2,462,498 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
67 ( #11,765 of 2,462,498 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes