Springer Verlag (2021)

Daniele De De Santis
Charles University, Prague
This book presents a systematic discussion of the development of Husserl’s concept of the a priori from his early and through his later writings. The chapters contained herein analyze the different phases and aspects of Husserl’s phenomenology of the a priori in light of his twofold notion of reason, construed as both ontological and transcendental. Starting from the assessment of the introduction of the notion of a priori knowledge in the context of the Logical Investigations, this text uniquely explores its development during the Göttingen years. It is at this time during his work on The Crisis of European Sciences, that Husserl comes to see the a priori as a criterion to interpret the history of philosophy, notably, modern philosophy. This book sheds light upon such concepts as: essence and eidos; ideation, eidetic attitude and eidetic reduction; as well as formal and material, innate and contingent a priori. The author argues that the a priori becomes for Husserl the expression of an ontological form of rationality, i.e., the rationality immanent to being. This book appeals to students and researchers working on Husserl and phenomenology.
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ISBN(s) 978-3-030-69527-9   978-3-030-69528-6   3030695271   9783030695279   3030695301
DOI 10.1007/978-3-030-69528-6
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Chapters BETA
Phaenomenologia Iuxta Propria Principia

In this introductory chapter we will explain that Husserl’s phenomenology should be read and understood in light of the distinction between two different forms of rationality, which Husserl labels Rationalität and Vernünftigkeit respectively. While the former refers to what for the sake of brevity c... see more

Essence, Idea, and the A Priori After the Logical Investigations

In the present chapter we will follow the way in which Husserl himself develops his own conceptuality and language after the Logical Investigations by paying systematic attention to some of his most important lectures. Our goal is to bring to light when, and based upon what sort of difficulties and ... see more

On the Way to the Eidos

In this chapter, which paves the way for our systematic discussion of the problem of the a priori in the Logical Investigations, we will reconstruct Husserl’s late retrospective assessment of the way in which he himself had understood the concept of a priori from his early works on. We will show tha... see more

The Doctrine of Ideality and the A Priori in the Logical Investigations

This chapter offers an extensive and systematic discussion of the concepts of a priori and a posteriori in the Logical Investigations, with a special focus on the Third Logical Investigation. Two strong theses will be advanced. First, that Husserl’s early idealism, which is committed to the claim th... see more

Metaphysical Hypostatization

In the present chapter we will discuss the roots of Husserl’s criticism of psychologism and psychologistic logic in the Prolegomena to a Pure Logic. To this end, we will reconstruct what Husserl labels the metaphysical hypostatization of the ideal sphere, with which his early idealism and conception... see more

A Question of Truth

In this chapter we will present Husserl’s discussion of psychologism and psychologistic logic in the Prolegomena to a Pure Logic. After we reconstruct what Husserl means by psychologism and how the latter’s specific misconception of the laws of logic should be understood, the claim will be advanced ... see more

Formal and Material, Analytic and Synthetic A Priori

In this chapter we finally go back to the Logical Investigations to clarify the distinction between formal and material a priori, analytic and synthetic a priori. We will rely on both the first and second edition of the book not only to better comprehend Husserl’s very nuanced arguments, but first a... see more

From Formal to Innate—From Material to Contingent: The Development of the Concept of A Priori in Light of the Genetic Perspective

In this final chapter we will show to what extent the very dichotomy between formal and material a priori, as originally introduced in the Logical Investigations, is re-interpreted by Husserl in terms of innate and contingent a priori as soon as the concept itself of a priori is tackled from within ... see more

Notes for Future Research

In this chapter we venture to sketch two possible, future lines of research based on the idea that Husserl distinguishes two forms of reason and rationality. On the one hand, we argue that the discussion between Husserl and Heidegger on how to understand phenomenology and the nature of the subject s... see more

Ideation, Attitude, Reduction

In the present chapter we will reconstruct the development of Husserl’s understanding of the way in which ideal objects are grasped. Three main stages will be distinguished, hence three main methodological tools: the notion of ideation and idealizing abstraction; eidetic or a priori attitude; eideti... see more

The Conflict Between Different Forms of Rationality

The goal of this chapter is to demonstrate that Husserl’s grand picture of the history of Western philosophy, notably modern philosophy, is to be understood as determined by a conflict between the two forms of rationality so far distinguished in the book. In particular, we will explain that starting... see more


The goal of this chapter is to explain that Husserl’s conception of the function of a priori or eidetic material sciences, i.e., that of providing a full rationalization of the empirical, is deemed to be in line with the project of modern pre-Kantian philosophy, to which Husserl intends to steadily ... see more

Τόδε τὶ, Individuum, Region

In this chapter we discuss the last part of the first chapter of Ideas I in order to assess some of the most technical and important terms and notions that characterize Husserl’s doctrine of the a priori in 1913. In particular, we will elaborate on the distinction between a loose concept of region a... see more

The Function of Eidetic Sciences

In the present section we will take to the next level our previous discussion of the concept of eidos. In particular, we will discuss Husserl’s notion of eidetic or a priori sciences, with a special focus on geometry . In particular, we will argue that for Husserl the importance of geometry is that ... see more

Essence and Eidos

In the present chapter we will discuss Husserl’s theory of the a priori in the first volume of Ideas, with a special focus on the first chapter of the first section , which is dedicated to the distinction between fact and essence. We will clarify the distinction between essence and eidos or pure ess... see more

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