Results for 'Political obligation'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  37
    Adams, Frederick and Kenneth Aizawa Fodor's Asymmetric Causal Dependency Theory and Proximal Projections Allen, Robert F.Moral Obligation, Projecting Political Correctness & Is Smith Obligated That She - 1997 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 35 (4):571-573.
  2. Fairness, Political Obligation, and the Justificatory Gap.Jiafeng Zhu - 2014 - Journal of Moral Philosophy (4):1-23.
    The moral principle of fairness or fair play is widely believed to be a solid ground for political obligation, i.e., a general prima facie moral duty to obey the law qua law. In this article, I advance a new and, more importantly, principled objection to fairness theories of political obligation by revealing and defending a justificatory gap between the principle of fairness and political obligation: the duty of fairness on its own is incapable of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  3. Green: Political Obligation.H. A. Prichard - 2002 - In H. A. Prichard (ed.), Moral writings. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Analyses Green's rather obscure treatment of two important questions: ‘Why does a subject have the duty to obey the ruler or sovereign?’; and ‘Why is the receipt of an order backed by a threat sufficient to establish this duty when the order comes from a ruler?’ Prichard considers Green's position regarding the grounds and justification for obedience to law to be part of a larger theory of moral obligation that is inconsistent with our ordinary moral ideas. To Green's seeming (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Citizenship, Political Obligation, and the Right-Based Social Contract.Simon Cushing - 1998 - Dissertation, University of Southern California
    The contemporary political philosopher John Rawls considers himself to be part of the social contract tradition of John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Immanuel Kant, but not of the tradition of Locke's predecessor, Thomas Hobbes. Call the Hobbesian tradition interest-based, and the Lockean tradition right-based, because it assumes that there are irreducible moral facts which the social contract can assume. The primary purpose of Locke's social contract is to justify the authority of the state over its citizens despite the fact (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  7
    On Political Obligation.Samantha Ashenden & Andreas Hess (eds.) - 2019 - Yale University Press.
    _A compelling set of lectures on political obligation that contributes to ongoing debates in political theory and intellectual history_ This stimulating collection of lectures by the late Judith Shklar on political obligation is paired with a scholarly introduction that offers an overview of her life, illuminates the connections among her teaching, research, and publications, and explains why her lectures still resonate with us and contribute to current debates in political theory and intellectual history.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  6. Political obligation.Richard Dagger - unknown - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  7.  51
    Fairness, Political Obligation, and the Justificatory Gap.Jiafeng Zhu - 2015 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 12 (3):290-312.
    The moral principle of fairness or fair play is widely believed to be a solid ground for political obligation, i.e., a general prima facie moral duty to obey the law qua law. In this article, I advance a new and, more importantly, principled objection to fairness theories of political obligation by revealing and defending a justificatory gap between the principle of fairness and political obligation: the duty of fairness on its own is incapable of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  8.  78
    Political Obligations.George Klosko (ed.) - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    This is the first in-depth study of popular attitudes towards political obligations and how these are viewed by the state. Leading political theorist George Klosko provides a full defense of a theory of political obligation based on the principle of fairness, which is widely viewed as the strongest theory of obligation currently available. This theory is then extended into a developed 'multiple principle' theory of obligation.
  9. Associative political obligations.A. John Simmons - 1996 - Ethics 106 (2):247-273.
    It is claimed by philosophers as diverse as Burke, Walzer, Dworkin, and MacIntyre that our political obligations are best understood as "associative" or "communal" obligations--that is, as obligations that require neither voluntary undertaking nor justification by "external" moral principles, but rather as "local" moral responsibilities whose normative weight derives entirely from their assignment by social practice. This paper identifies three primary lines of argument that appear to support such assertions: conceptual arguments, the arguments of nonvoluntarist contract theory, and communitarian (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   38 citations  
  10.  53
    Are Political Obligations Content Independent?George Klosko - 2011 - Political Theory 39 (4):498-523.
    Current scholars generally view political obligations as "content independent." Citizens have moral reasons to obey the law because it is the law, rather than because of the content of different laws. However, this position is subject to criticism on both theoretical and practical grounds. The main consideration in favor of content independence, the so-called "self-image of the state," does not actually support it. Properly understood, the state's self-image is to comply with laws because of the underlying moral reasons that (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  11.  55
    Political Obligation: A Critical Introduction.Dudley Knowles - 2009 - Routledge.
    Political obligation is concerned with the clash between the individual's claim to self-governance and the right of the state to claim obedience.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  12.  12
    Political Obligation: A Critical Introduction.Dudley Knowles - 2009 - Routledge.
    Political obligation is concerned with the clash between the individual’s claim to self-governance and the right of the state to claim obedience. It is a central and ancient problem in political philosophy. In this authoritative introduction, Dudley Knowles frames the problem of obligation in terms of the duties citizens have to the state and each other. Drawing on a wide range of key works in political philosophy, from Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, David Hume and G. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  13.  29
    Political obligation and authority.A. John Simmons - 2002 - In Robert L. Simon (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Social and Political Philosophy. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 17–37.
    The prelims comprise: The Basic Concepts The Philosophical Problem Brief History Socrates and the Three Strategies Particularity and Natural Duty Accounts Associative Accounts Transactional Accounts Pluralist and Anarchist Responses Bibliography.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  14. A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society.Margaret Gilbert - 2006 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Does one have special obligations to support the political institutions of one’s own country precisely because it is one’s own? In short, does one have political obligations? This book argues for an affirmative answer, construing one’s country as a political society of which one is a member, and a political society as a special type of social group. The obligations in question are not moral requirements derived from general moral principles. They come, rather, from one’s participation (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   121 citations  
  15. Associative Political Obligation as Community Integrity.Nina Brewer-Davis - 2015 - Journal of Value Inquiry 49 (1-2):267-279.
    IntroductionAssociative theories of political obligation offer a fresh alternative to approaches such as social contract theory, fair play, and the natural duty of justice. Few suggestions in ethics are more intuitive than the idea that we have special obligations to our family and friends, just in virtue of our relationships with them, and it is reasonable that obligations to political society are also grounded through association.A basic question for associative theories is to explain how associations give rise (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. Associative Political Obligations.Bas van der Vossen - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (7):477-487.
    This article aims to provide some insight into the nature and content of the theory of associative political obligation. It does this by first locating the view in the wider debate on political obligation, analyzing the view in terms of four central elements that are shared by many of its versions, and then discussing important criticisms that have been made of each of these, as well as some rejoinders by defenders of the theory.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  17.  43
    The Political Obligation To Donate Organs.Govert Den Hartogh - 2013 - Ratio Juris 26 (3):378-403.
    The first question I discuss in this paper is whether we have a duty of rescue to make our organs available for transplantation after our death, a duty we owe to patients suffering from organ failure. The second question is whether political obligations, in particular the obligation to obey the law, can be derived from natural duties, possibly duties of beneficence. Such duties are normally seen as merely imperfect duties, not owed to anyone. The duty of rescue, however, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18. Political obligation and the argument from gratitude.A. D. M. Walker - 1988 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 17 (3):191-211.
  19. Political Obligation and the Particularity Problem: A Note on Markie.Uwe Steinhoff - manuscript
    P.J. Markie tries to solve the so-called particularity problem of natural duty accounts of political obligation, a problem which seems to make natural duty accounts implausible. I argue that Markie at best “dissolves” the problem: while his own natural duty account of political obligation still does not succeed in ensuring particularity, this is not an implausible but an entirely plausible implication of his account, thanks to the weakness of his concept of political obligation. The (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  18
    Justice, Political Obligation and Public Reason: Rethinking Partisanship and Political Liberalism.Matteo Bonotti - 2019 - Res Publica 25 (4):497-509.
    In Partisanship and Political Liberalism in Diverse Societies I examine political parties and partisanship within the context of John Rawls’s theory of political liberalism. I argue that parties and partisanship are vital to Rawls’s political liberalism, since they offer a distinctive and crucial contribution to the process of public justification that is central to it, which combines the articulation of public reasons with the channelling into the public political realm of the particular values and conceptions (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Political obligation, fairness, and independence.Jonathan Wolff - 1995 - Ratio 8 (1):87-99.
    In the first section the problem of political obligation is motivated, and in Section 2 the core structure of the problem is laid bare. A recognition ofthis structure prompts reflection that the problem will appear very different to different thinkers, depending on their moral theories. It also invites the speculation that the problem will be incapable of solution on some moral theories while trivial on others. This polarity does reflect the state of much of the literature until fairly (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  22.  39
    Political Obligations in Illiberal Regimes.Zoltán Gábor Szűcs - 2020 - Res Publica 26 (4):541-558.
    The paper is organized around two major, but closely interconnected goals. First, the paper’s principal aim is to offer a normative theory of political obligations that is based on certain insights of philosophical anarchism, theories of associative obligations and political realism. Second, the paper aims to offer a normative theoretical framework to examine political obligations in contemporary non-democratic contexts that does not vindicate non-democratic regimes and that does not exclude political obligations from the terrain of moral (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  23.  41
    Political Obligation.R. S. Downie & Thomas McPherson - 1968 - Philosophical Quarterly 18 (73):378.
  24. Political obligations in a sea of tyranny and crushing poverty.Aaron Maltais - 2014 - Legal Theory 20 (3):186-209.
    Christopher Wellman is the strongest proponent of the natural-duty theory of political obligations and argues that his version of the theory can satisfy the key requirement of ; namely, justifying to members of a state the system of political obligations they share in. Critics argue that natural-duty theories like Wellman's actually require well-ordered states and/or their members to dedicate resources to providing the goods associated with political order to needy outsiders. The implication is that natural-duty approaches weaken (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  25. Political Obligation.George Klosko - 2011 - In The Oxford Handbook of the History of Political Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    This is the first in-depth study of popular attitudes towards political obligations and how these are viewed by the state. Leading political theorist George Klosko provides a full defense of a theory of political obligation based on the principle of fairness, which is widely viewed as the strongest theory of obligation currently available.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  26.  43
    Political Obligations and Public Goods.Isaac Taylor - 2021 - Res Publica 27 (4):559-575.
    The principle of fairness is a moral principle which states that individuals are under an obligation to contribute towards beneficial cooperative projects. It has been appealed to in arguing that citizens are obligated to pay for public goods that their government supplies. Yet the principle has faced a number of powerful objections, most notably those of Robert Nozick. In responding to some of these objections, proponents of the principle have placed a number of conditions on its application. However, by (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  27. Is Political Obligation Necessary for Obedience? Hobbes on Hostility, War and Obligation.Thomas M. Hughes - 2012 - Teoria Politica 2:77-99.
    Contemporary debates on obedience and consent, such as those between Thomas Senor and A. John Simmons, suggest that either political obligation must exist as a concept or there must be natural duty of justice accessible to us through reason. Without one or the other, de facto political institutions would lack the requisite moral framework to engage in legitimate coercion. This essay suggests that both are unnecessary in order to provide a conceptual framework in which obedience to coercive (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  34
    Associative Political Obligations: Their Potential.Bas van der Vossen - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (7):488-496.
    This article adopts the framework set out in ‘Associative Political Obligations’ to ask two further questions about the theory of associative political obligation. (i) Which of the different interpretations of the theory of associative political obligation is most plausible? And (ii) what would be the implications of such a view? It is argued that (i) the most attractive version of the argument is one according to which such obligations obtain only in morally acceptable communities, and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  29. Farewell to Political Obligation: In Defense of a Permissive Conception of Legitimacy.Jiafeng Zhu - 2015 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (3):449-469.
    In the recent debate on political legitimacy, we have seen the emergence of a revisionist camp, advocating the idea of ‘legitimacy without political obligation,’ as opposed to the traditional view that political obligation is necessary for state legitimacy. The revisionist idea of legitimacy is appealing because if it stands, the widespread skepticism about the existence of political obligation will not lead us to conclude that the state is illegitimate. Unfortunately, existing conceptions of ‘legitimacy (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  30.  45
    Political Obligation and the Need for Justice.Kevin Walton - 2023 - Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 36 (1):195-214.
    This paper examines the claim that justice is necessary for a moral obligation to obey the law. By reflecting on the meaning of obedience, it identifies one version of the claim that must be right and another that must be wrong. It then focuses on the argument for a moral obligation to obey the law that most obviously includes the claim: John Rawls’s argument from the natural duty of justice. More specifically, it focuses on the degree of justice (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. Political Obligation and the Particularity Requirement.Christopher Heath Wellman - 2004 - Legal Theory 10 (2):97-115.
  32.  23
    On Political Obligation.Judith N. Shklar - 2019 - Yale University Press.
    A compelling set of lectures on political obligation that contributes to ongoing debates in political theory and intellectual history This stimulating collection of lectures by the late Judith Shklar on political obligation is paired with a scholarly introduction that offers an overview of her life, illuminates the connections among her teaching, research, and publications, and explains why her lectures still resonate with us and contribute to current debates in political theory and intellectual history.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  33. Moral Principles and Political Obligations.A. John Simmons - 1979 - Princeton University Press.
    Outlining the major competing theories in the history of political and moral philosophy--from Locke and Hume through Hart, Rawls, and Nozick--John Simmons attempts to understand and solve the ancient problem of political obligation. Under what conditions and for what reasons, he asks, are we morally bound to obey the law and support the political institutions of our countries?
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   87 citations  
  34.  69
    Political Obligation and the Natural Duties of Justice.George Klosko - 1994 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 23 (3):251-270.
  35. The grammar of political obligation.Thomas Fossen - 2014 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 13 (3):215-236.
    This essay presents a new way of conceptualizing the problem of political obligation. On the traditional ‘normativist’ framing of the issue, the primary task for theory is to secure the content and justification of political obligations, providing practically applicable moral knowledge. This paper develops an alternative, ‘pragmatist’ framing of the issue, by rehabilitating a frequently misunderstood essay by Hanna Pitkin and by recasting her argument in terms of the ‘pragmatic turn’ in recent philosophy, as articulated by Robert (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  36.  73
    Cosmopolitanism, Political Obligation, and the Welfare State.George Klosko - 2009 - Political Theory 37 (2):243-265.
    While we generally take it for granted that governments should provide social welfare and other benefits to their citizens, justification of these services depends on special moral requirements people owe to their compatriots, as opposed to inhabitants of other countries, who may be far more needy. While widely discussed defenses of compatriot preferences can be seen to be flawed, the latter may be justified through a public goods argument. Security and other public goods are not only necessary for acceptable lives (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37.  56
    Political obligation, democracy, and moralistic legislation.Thomas I. Cook - 1938 - International Journal of Ethics 49 (2):148-168.
  38.  31
    Philosophical anarchism and political obligation.Magda Egoumenides - 2014 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    Political obligation refers to the moral obligation of citizens to obey the law of their state and to the existence, nature, and justification of a special relationship between a government and its constituents. This volume in the Contemporary Anarchist Studies series challenges this relationship, seeking to define and defend the position of critical philosophical anarchism against alternative approaches to the issue of justification of political institutions. The book sets out to demonstrate the value of taking an (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  39. Duties of Samaritanism and Political Obligation.Massimo Renzo - 2008 - Legal Theory 14 (3):193–217.
    In this article I criticize a theory of political obligation recently put forward by Christopher Wellman. Wellman's “samaritan theory” grounds both state legitimacy and political obligation in a natural duty to help people in need when this can be done at no unreasonable cost. I argue that this view is not able to account for some important features of the relation between state and citizens that Wellman himself seems to value. My conclusion is that the samaritan (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  40.  7
    Political Obligation, Civil Disobedience and Resistance Within the Democratic Regime: Alessandro Passerin D’Entrèves’ Notion of the State.Maísa Martorano Suarez Pardo - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (156):749-770.
    RESUMO O artigo examina a função da noção de obrigação política no pensamento do filósofo italiano da política e do direito Alessandro Passerin d’Entrèves (1902-1985), especialmente em sua relação com o regime democrático e as formas de resistência por parte dos cidadãos. Pela análise dos principais argumentos do autor a esse respeito, o artigo procura demonstrar a flexibilidade do conceito de Estado do autor e a importância da filosofia enquanto ponto de intersecção entre a moral e o direito, constituindo-se como (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. Political obligation and the particularity problem.P. J. Markie - 2009 - Ratio 22 (3):322-337.
    Natural duty theorists of political obligation try to base a moral duty to obey the law on some natural duty, such as the duty to promote justice. Their critics say they confront an insurmountable obstacle in the particularity problem: Since natural duties do not bind us to some persons and institutions more strongly than to others, they cannot support a duty to one particular state or society. I solve the particularity problem, by developing a version of the (...) obligation thesis, giving a natural duty argument for it and showing that the particularity problem does not arise for the argument. I reply to some likely objections to my view. (shrink)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42.  54
    Political Obligation, Dirty Hands and Torture; A Moral Evaluation.H. van Erp - 2013 - South African Journal of Philosophy 32 (1):109-122.
    The example of a political leader who has to decide whether he would allow the torture of a suspect in order to get information about a ticking bomb has become notorious in ethical discussions concerning the tension between moral principles and political necessity. The relation between these notions must be made as clear as possible before a sincere moral evaluation of ticking bomb situations can be given. The first section of this article considers whether the concept of (...) obligation is different from moral and legal obligations or whether it is a special kind of moral obligation. In the second section, the idea that the dirty hands problem confronts us with the ambiguities of moral life is rejected because it would imply an untenable moral paradox. The thesis that is developed is, namely, if there is such a thing as political necessity, it must be some form of moral obligation. The third section analyses the concept of political necessity and concludes that it cannot overrule basic moral principles and that the international legal prohibition of torture must be considered to be a categorical imperative. In the last section, these ideas concerning political and moral necessity are brought in against the defence of torture, which should be tolerated in the ‘War on Terror’. There it will be argued that the use of the ticking bomb argument not only supports a highly hypocrite political practice but is also deceptive as a moral and political argument. (shrink)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. Moral Principles and Political Obligations.A. John Simmons - 1979 - Princeton University Press.
    Every political theorist will need this book . . . . It is more 'important' than 90% of the work published in philosophy."--Joel Feinberg, University of Arizona.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   117 citations  
  44.  92
    Political obligation and democracy.Harry Beran - 1976 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 54 (3):250 – 254.
  45.  97
    Political obligation and gratitude.George Klosko - 1989 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 18 (4):352-358.
  46.  25
    The Consent Theory of Political Obligation.Harry Beran - 1987 - Routledge.
    First published in 1987. The theory that political obligation and authority are derived from the consent of citizens is commonly accepted in the history of Western political thought. It is expressed in the famous assertion of the American Declaration of Independence that governments derive 'their just powers from the consent of the governed' and in the constitutions of some Western powers. This book provides the first systematic and comprehensive restatement and defence of consent theory since the 19th (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  47.  32
    Political obligation and military service in three countries.George Klosko, Michael Keren & Stacy Nyikos - 2003 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 2 (1):37-62.
    University of Calgary, Canada and Tel Aviv University, Israel mkeren{at}ucalgary.ca ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Stacy Nyikos University of Tulsa, USA stacy-nyikos{at}utulsa.edu ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Although questions of political obligation have been much discussed by scholars, little attention has been paid to moral reasons advanced by actual states to justify the compliance of their subjects. We examine the `self-image of the state' through Supreme Court decisions in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  48.  11
    Legal and political obligation: classic and contemporary texts and commentary.R. George Wright - 1992 - Lanham: University Press of America.
    This book focuses upon the perennial question of the existence and nature of an obligation to obey the law. Leading writers have, at one time or another, emphasized considerations such as gratitude, 'divine ordering, ' prudence, contract, autonomy, and utility in seeking to justify, or to deny any justification for, some sort of obligation to obey the positive law. The book provides relevant selections from a sampling of the historical approaches to legal obligation taken by writers such (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  3
    On Political Obligation.Paul Harris - 1990 - Routledge.
    First published in 1990. The individual's obligation to obey the law, the state and the government is a fundamental part of contemporary political theory. The contributors to this volume, drawn from a variety of disciplines including philosophy, political science and law, take a fresh look at the dilemmas of political obligation. They discuss the extent to which we should allow the need for conformity to override individual liberties, and ask whether individualism is indeed feasible without (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50.  99
    Political Obligation and the Self.Matthew Noah Smith - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 86 (2):347-375.
1 — 50 / 1000