12 found
  1.  25
    Negative emotions can attenuate the influence of beliefs on logical reasoning.Vinod Goel & Oshin Vartanian - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (1):121-131.
  2.  51
    The effects of a single night of sleep deprivation on fluency and prefrontal cortex function during divergent thinking.Oshin Vartanian, Fethi Bouak, J. L. Caldwell, Bob Cheung, Gerald Cupchik, Marie-Eve Jobidon, Quan Lam, Ann Nakashima, Michel Paul, Henry Peng, Paul J. Silvia & Ingrid Smith - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  3.  43
    Taboo or tragic: effect of tradeoff type on moral choice, conflict, and confidence. [REVIEW]David R. Mandel & Oshin Vartanian - 2008 - Mind and Society 7 (2):215-226.
    Historically, cognitivists considered moral choices to be determined by analytic processes. Recent theories, however, have emphasized the role of intuitive processes in determining moral choices. We propose that the engagement of analytic and intuitive processes is contingent on the type of tradeoff being considered. Specifically, when a tradeoff necessarily violates a moral principle no matter what choice is made, as in tragic tradeoffs, its resolution should result in greater moral conflict and less confidence in choice than when the tradeoff offers (...)
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  4.  11
    Dissociable Neural Systems Underwrite Logical Reasoning in the Context of Induced Emotions with Positive and Negative Valence.Kathleen W. Smith, Oshin Vartanian & Vinod Goel - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  5.  18
    The prospects of working memory training for improving deductive reasoning.Erin L. Beatty & Oshin Vartanian - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  6.  1
    The Oxford handbook of empirical aesthetics.Marcos Vartanian Nadal & Oshin Vartanian (eds.) - 2022 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    Humans have engaged in artistic and aesthetic activities since the appearance of our species. Our ancestors have decorated their bodies, tools, and utensils for over 100,000 years. The expression of meaning using color, line, sound, rhythm, or movement, among other means, constitutes a fundamental aspect of our species' biological and cultural heritage. Art and aesthetics, therefore, contribute to our species identity and distinguish it from its living and extinct relatives. Science is faced with the challenge of explaining the natural foundations (...)
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  7.  20
    Psychological and neural responses to art embody viewer and artwork histories.Oshin Vartanian & James C. Kaufman - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (2):161-162.
    The research programs of empirical aesthetics and neuroaesthetics have reflected deep concerns about viewers' sensitivities to artworks' historical contexts by investigating the impact of two factors on art perception: viewers' developmental (and educational) histories and the contextual histories of artworks. These considerations are consistent with data demonstrating that art perception is underwritten by dynamically reconfigured and evolutionarily adapted neural and psychological mechanisms.
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  8.  28
    Syllogisms delivered in an angry voice lead to improved performance and engagement of a different neural system compared to neutral voice.Kathleen W. Smith, Laura-Lee Balkwill, Oshin Vartanian & Vinod Goel - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  9.  11
    Psychological models of art reception must be empirically grounded.Marcos Nadal, Oshin Vartanian & Martin Skov - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  10.  13
    An investigation of the neural substrates of mind wandering induced by viewing traditional Chinese landscape paintings.Tingting Wang, Lei Mo, Oshin Vartanian, Jonathan S. Cant & Gerald Cupchik - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  11.  5
    The Creative Brain Under Stress: Considerations for Performance in Extreme Environments.Oshin Vartanian, Sidney Ann Saint, Nicole Herz & Peter Suedfeld - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Over the last two decades, we have begun to gain traction on the neural systems that support creative cognition. Specifically, a converging body of evidence from various domains has demonstrated that creativity arises from the interaction of two large-scale systems in the brain: Whereas the default network (DN) is involved in internally-oriented generation of novel concepts, the executive control network (ECN) exerts top-down control over that generative process to select task-appropriate output. In addition, the salience network (SN) regulates switching between (...)
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  12.  1
    What Is Targeted When We Train Working Memory? Evidence From a Meta-Analysis of the Neural Correlates of Working Memory Training Using Activation Likelihood Estimation.Oshin Vartanian, Vladyslava Replete, Sidney Ann Saint, Quan Lam, Sarah Forbes, Monique E. Beaudoin, Tad T. Brunyé, David J. Bryant, Kathryn A. Feltman, Kristin J. Heaton, Richard A. McKinley, Jan B. F. Van Erp, Annika Vergin & Annalise Whittaker - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Working memory is the system responsible for maintaining and manipulating information, in the face of ongoing distraction. In turn, WM span is perceived to be an individual-differences construct reflecting the limited capacity of this system. Recently, however, there has been some evidence to suggest that WM capacity can increase through training, raising the possibility that training can functionally alter the neural structures supporting WM. To address the hypothesis that the neural substrates underlying WM are targeted by training, we conducted a (...)
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