21 found
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  1.  91
    Explaining modulation of reasoning by belief.Vinod Goel & Raymond J. Dolan - 2003 - Cognition 87 (1):B11-B22.
    Although deductive reasoning is a closed system, one's beliefs about the world can influence validity judgements. To understand the associated functional neuroanatomy of this belief-bias we studied 14 volunteers using event-related fMRI, as they performed reasoning tasks under neutral, facilitatory and inhibitory belief conditions. We found evidence for the engagement of a left temporal lobe system during belief-based reasoning and a bilateral parietal lobe system during belief-neutral reasoning. Activation of right lateral prefrontal cortex was evident when subjects inhibited a prepotent (...)
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  2.  19
    Dissociation of Mechanisms Underlying Syllogistic Reasoning.Vinod Goel, Christian Buchel, Chris Frith & Raymond J. Dolan - 2000 - NeuroImage 12 (5):504-514.
    A key question for cognitive theories of reasoning is whether logical reasoning is inherently a sentential linguistic process or a process requiring spatial manipulation and search. We addressed this question in an event-related fMRI study of syllogistic reasoning, using sentences with and without semantic content. Our findings indicate involvement of two dissociable networks in deductive reasoning. During content-based reasoning a left hemisphere temporal system was recruited. By contrast, a formally identical reasoning task, which lacked semantic content, activated a parietal system. (...)
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  3.  42
    Negative emotions can attenuate the influence of beliefs on logical reasoning.Vinod Goel & Oshin Vartanian - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (1):121-131.
  4.  73
    Notationality and the information processing mind.Vinod Goel - 1991 - Minds and Machines 1 (2):129-166.
    Cognitive science uses the notion of computational information processing to explain cognitive information processing. Some philosophers have argued that anything can be described as doing computational information processing; if so, it is a vacuous notion for explanatory purposes.An attempt is made to explicate the notions of cognitive information processing and computational information processing and to specify the relationship between them. It is demonstrated that the resulting notion of computational information processing can only be realized in a restrictive class of dynamical (...)
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  5.  43
    The structure of Design Problem Spaces.Vinod Goel & Peter Pirolli - 1992 - Cognitive Science 16 (3):395-429.
    It is proposed that there are important generalizations about problem solving in design activity that reach across specific disciplines. A framework for the study of design is presented that (a) characterizes design as a radial category and fleshes out the task environment of the prototypical cases; (b) takes the task environment seriously; (c) shows that this task environment occurs in design tasks, but does not occur in every nondesign task; (d) explicates the impact of this task environment on the design (...)
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  6.  47
    Cognitive neuroscience of deductive reasoning.Vinod Goel - 2005 - In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge University Press. pp. 475--492.
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  7.  20
    The structure of Design Problem Spaces.Vinod Goel & Peter Pirolli - 1992 - Cognitive Science 16 (3):395-429.
    It is proposed that there are important generalizations about problem solving in design activity that reach across specific disciplines. A framework for the study of design is presented that (a) characterizes design as a radial category and fleshes out the task environment of the prototypical cases; (b) takes the task environment seriously; (c) shows that this task environment occurs in design tasks, but does not occur in every nondesign task; (d) explicates the impact of this task environment on the design (...)
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  8.  22
    Dissociable Neural Systems Underwrite Logical Reasoning in the Context of Induced Emotions with Positive and Negative Valence.Kathleen W. Smith, Oshin Vartanian & Vinod Goel - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  9.  19
    Differential impact of beliefs on valence and arousal.Antoinette Nicolle & Vinod Goel - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (2):263-272.
    Many cognitive accounts of emotional processing assume that emotions have representational content that can be influenced by beliefs and desires. It is generally thought that emotions also have non-cognitive, affective components, including valence and arousal. To clarify the impact of cognition on these affective components we asked participants to rate sentences along cognitive and affective dimensions. For the former case, participants rated the believability of the material. For the latter case, they provided valence and arousal ratings. Across two experiments, we (...)
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  10.  20
    Indeterminacy tolerance as a basis of hemispheric asymmetry within prefrontal cortex.Vinod Goel - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  11.  17
    Reason and less.Vinod Goel - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  12. Neural basis of reasoning and thinking.Jordan Grafman & Vinod Goel - 2002 - In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan. pp. 3--875.
  13.  18
    Comments on the Connection Principle.Vinod Goel - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):189-190.
  14.  39
    Can there be a cognitive neuroscience of central cognitive systems?Vinod Goel - 2004 - In Christina E. Erneling & David Martel Johnson (eds.), Mind As a Scientific Object. Oxford University Press. pp. 265.
  15. Can there be a cognitive neuroscience of central cognitive systems?Vinod Goel - 2005 - In Christina E. Erneling & David Martel Johnson (eds.), The Mind as a Scientific Object: Between Brain and Culture. Oup Usa.
     
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  16. Planning: Neural and psychological.Vinod Goel - 2002 - In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan.
     
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  17.  13
    Smolensky's proper treatment of connectionism: Having it both ways.Vinod Goel - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (2):400-401.
  18.  24
    What is the locality assumption and how is it violated?Vinod Goel, Paolo Nichelli & Jordan Grafman - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):519-520.
    We respond to Farah (1994) by making some general remarks about information encapsulation and locality and asking how these are violated in her computational models. Our point is not that we disagree, but rather that Farah's treatment of the issues is not sufficiently rigorous to allow an evaluation of her claims.
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  19.  15
    Developmental grey matter changes in superior parietal cortex accompany improved transitive reasoning.Cristián Modroño, Gorka Navarrete, Antoinette Nicolle, José Luis González-Mora, Kathleen W. Smith, Miriam Marling & Vinod Goel - 2018 - Thinking and Reasoning 25 (2):151-170.
    The neural basis of developmental changes in transitive reasoning in parietal regions was examined, using voxel-based morphometry. Young adolescents and adults performed a transitive reasoning task, subsequent to undergoing anatomical magnetic resonance imaging brain scans. Behaviorally, adults reasoned more accurately than did the young adolescents. Neural results showed less grey matter density in superior parietal cortex in the adults than in the young adolescents, possibly due to a developmental period of synaptic pruning; improved performance in the reasoning task was negatively (...)
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  20.  34
    Syllogisms delivered in an angry voice lead to improved performance and engagement of a different neural system compared to neutral voice.Kathleen W. Smith, Laura-Lee Balkwill, Oshin Vartanian & Vinod Goel - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  21.  15
    Book reviews. [REVIEW]Vinod Goel - 1994 - Philosophia Mathematica 2 (1):89-91.
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