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Jari Kaukua
University of Jyväskylä
  1. Self-Awareness in Islamic Philosophy: Avicenna and Beyond.Jari Kaukua - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    This important book investigates the emergence and development of a distinct concept of self-awareness in post-classical, pre-modern Islamic philosophy. Jari Kaukua presents the first extended analysis of Avicenna's arguments on self-awareness - including the flying man, the argument from the unity of experience, the argument against reflection models of self-awareness and the argument from personal identity - arguing that all these arguments hinge on a clearly definable concept of self-awareness as pure first-personality. He substantiates his interpretation with an analysis of (...)
     
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  2.  2
    Subjectivity and Selfhood in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy.Jari Kaukua & Tomas Ekenberg (eds.) - 2016 - Springer.
    This book is a collection of studies on topics related to subjectivity and selfhood in medieval and early modern philosophy. The individual contributions approach the theme from a number of angles varying from cognitive and moral psychology to metaphysics and epistemology. Instead of a complete overview on the historical period, the book provides detailed glimpses into some of the most important figures of the period, such as Augustine, Avicenna, Aquinas, Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz and Hume. The questions addressed include the ethical (...)
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  3.  2
    Philosophy of Mind in the Early and High Middle Ages: The History of the Philosophy of Mind, Margaret Cameron.Jari Kaukua - 2019 - Nazariyat, Journal for the History of Islamic Philosophy and Sciences 5 (1):213-218.
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  4. The Physics of the Healing , Books I-IV (Review). [REVIEW]Jari Kaukua - 2011 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 49 (2):245-246.
    Avicenna's physics has been the object of relatively scant scholarly attention in comparison to his psychology and metaphysics. This is deplorable, for as Jon McGinnis points out in the introduction to the present volume, Avicenna's physical investigations both illuminate and deal in detail with a number of topics of crucial importance for both psychology and metaphysics. Furthermore, the scholarly consensus on Avicenna's originality and singular importance for the subsequent Arabic and Latin traditions in the two disciplines is equally true in (...)
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  5.  10
    Arguments for God’s Existence in Classical Islamic Thought: A Reappraisal of the Discourse By Hannah C. Erlwein.Jari Kaukua - 2021 - Journal of Islamic Studies 32 (2):262-265.
    Arguments for God’s Existence in Classical Islamic Thought: A Reappraisal of the Discourse By ErlweinHannah C., ix + 249 pp. Price HB £79.00. EAN 978–3110617641.
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  6.  56
    Subjectivity as a Non-Textual Standard of Interpretation in the History of Philosophical Psychology.Jari Kaukua & Vili Lähteenmäki - 2010 - History & Theory 48 (1):21-37.
    Contemporary caution against anachronism in intellectual history, and the currently momentous theoretical emphasis on subjectivity in the philosophy of mind, are two prevailing conditions that set puzzling constraints for studies in the history of philosophical psychology. The former urges against assuming ideas, motives, and concepts that are alien to the historical intellectual setting under study, and combined with the latter suggests caution in relying on our intuitions regarding subjectivity due to the historically contingent characterizations it has attained in contemporary philosophy (...)
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  7.  10
    Post-Classical Islamic Philosophy – a Contradiction in Terms?Jari Kaukua - 2020 - Nazariyat : Journal for the History of Islamic Philosophy and Sciences 6 (2):1-21.
    This paper engages critically with Dimitri Gutas’ recent characterization of post-classical Islamic philosophy and theology as a form of paraphilosophy or intellectual activity that merely simulates philosophy. I argue that this view arises from a misguided understanding of the concept of philosophy that should provide the standard for its historiography. In order to avoid a number of problematic consequences, such as gaps in historical continuity or a disconnection from what we understand by philosophy today, we must take our cue from (...)
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  8.  13
    The Flying and the Masked Man, One More Time: Comments on Peter Adamson and Fedor Benevich, ‘The Thought Experimental Method: Avicenna's Flying Man Argument’.Jari Kaukua - 2020 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 6 (3):285-296.
    This is a critical comment on Adamson and Benevich, published in issue 4/2 of the Journal of the American Philosophical Association. I raise two closely related objections. The first concerns the objective of the flying man: instead of the question of what the soul is, I argue that the argument is designed to answer the question of whether the soul exists independently of the body. The second objection concerns the expected result of the argument: instead of knowledge about the quiddity (...)
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  9.  36
    Subjectivity as a Non-Textual Standard of Interpretation in the History of Philosophical Psychology.Jari Kaukua & Vili Lähteenmäki - 2008 - History and Theory 49 (1):21-37.
    Contemporary caution of anachronism in intellectual history on the one hand, and currently momentous theoretical emphasis on subjectivity on the other, are two prevailing circumstances that set puzzling constraints for studies in the history of philosophical psychology. Together these circumstances call for heightened awareness of our own interpretive presuppositions as historians: the former urges against assuming ideas, motives, and concepts that may be alien in the historical intellectual setting under study and the latter suggests caution in relying on our intuitions (...)
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  10.  21
    On the Standards of Conceptual Change.Jari Kaukua & Vili Lähteenmäki - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 14 (2):183-204.
    It is a necessary condition for recognising change that there is a yardstick against which the change can be perceived. The same applies to changes that philosophical concepts undergo. This paper delineates standards for recognising conceptual change that meet the requirements of conscientious history of philosophy. More particularly, we want to argue for the need of what we will call non-textual standards. These are features of the world of experience that must be assumed to be shared between us and the (...)
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  11.  43
    On the Historiography of Subjectivity.Vili Lähteenmäki & Jari Kaukua - 2014 - Vivarium 52 (3-4):187-195.
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  12.  36
    Avicenna on Negative Judgement.Jari Kaukua - 2020 - Topoi 39 (3):657-666.
    Avicenna’s logical theory of negative judgement can be seen as a systematic development of the insights Aristotle had laid out in the De interpretatione. However, in order to grasp the full extent of his theory one must extend the examination from the logical works to the metaphysical and psychological bases of negative judgement. Avicenna himself often refrains from the explicit treatment of the connections between logic and metaphysics or psychology, or treats them in a rather oblique fashion. Time and again (...)
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  13. Kirjan Self-Awareness in Islamic Philosophy: Avicenna and Beyond esittely.Jari Kaukua - 2018 - Ajatus 75 (1):247-254.
    Teksti luonnehtii lyhyesti islamilaisen filosofian tutkimuksen nykytilaa sekä esittää tiivistelmän symposiumissa käsiteltävän kirjani keskeisestä sisällöstä.
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  14.  1
    Suhrawardī’s Illuminationism: A Philosophical Study.Jari Kaukua - 2022 - Brill.
    In _Suhrawardī’s Illuminationism_, Jari Kaukua offers a new interpretation of Shihāb al-Dīn al-Suhrawardī’s illuminationist philosophy. Commonly portrayed as a mystic, Suhrawardī appears here as a critical and systematic philosopher.
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  15. Vastaus Knuuttilalle, Mattilalle ja Palménille.Jari Kaukua - 2018 - Ajatus 75 (1):295-314.
    Puheenvuoro vastaa Knuuttilan, Mattilan ja Palménin keskeisiin kommentteihin. Erityisen huomion kohteena ovat mahdolliset vasta-argumentit käsiteltävässä kirjassa esittämiäni tulkintoja tai erityisesti Ibn Sīnān itsetietoisuuden käsitettä kohtaan.
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  16.  10
    Avicenna's Outsourced Rationalism.Jari Kaukua - 2020 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 58 (2):215-240.
    in a seminal and highly influential study, Werner Jaeger presented the development of Aristotle, or Aristotelianism, as the emergence of an empiricist alternative to the rationalist fold of Plato and Platonism.1 Pitting perceived phenomena against the recollection of innate ideas, Aristotle founded knowledge on the perception of universal features and regularities in concrete things instead of an intuitive access to a separate world of incorporeal forms. In close analysis, such a straightforward opposition is forced, of course, and sets aside a (...)
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  17.  12
    Philosophy of Mind in the Early and High Middle Ages: The History of the Philosophy of Mind, Margaret Cameron.Jari Kaukua - 2019 - Nazariyat, Journal for the History of Islamic Philosophy and Sciences 5 (1):209-215.
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  18.  25
    A Closed Book: Opacity of the Human Self in Mullā Ṣadrā.Jari Kaukua - 2014 - Vivarium 52 (3-4):241-260.
    Mullā Ṣadrā Shīrāzī subscribes to the Avicennian view according to which the human subject is always and fully aware of herself. At the same time, his eschatology hinges on the Qur’ānic motif of the soul as a closed book that is first opened on the Final Day, that is, on the idea that each soul’s share in the afterlife should be understood as the full revelation of the soul’s true nature to itself. The two ideas thus have seemingly contradictory entailments: (...)
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  19.  11
    Ibrahim Kalin , Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mullâ Sadrâ on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition . Reviewed By.Jari Kaukua - 2011 - Philosophy in Review 31 (5):359-361.
  20.  3
    Arguments for God’s Existence in Classical Islamic Thought: A Reappraisal of the Discourse.Jari Kaukua - forthcoming - Journal of Islamic Studies.
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    The Triumph of Mercy: Philosophy and Scripture in Mullā Ṣadrā By Mohammed Rustom. [REVIEW]Jari Kaukua - 2013 - Journal of Islamic Studies 24 (3):363-366.
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    Subjectivity as a Non-Textual Standard of Interpretation in the History of Philosophical Psychology.Jari Kaukua & Vili Lähteenmäki - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 38:41-47.
    Contemporary caution of anachronism in intellectual history on the one hand, and currently momentous theoretical emphasis on subjectivity on the other, are two prevailing circumstances that set puzzling constraints for studies in the history of philosophical psychology. Together these circumstances call for heightened awareness of our own interpretive presuppositions as historians: the former urges against assuming ideas, motives, and concepts that may be alien in the historical intellectual setting under study and the latter suggests caution in relying on our intuitions (...)
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  23.  6
    Subjectivity as a Non-Textual Standard of Interpretation in the History of Philosophical Psychology.Jari Kaukua & Vili Lähteenmäki - 2010 - History and Theory 49 (1):21-37.
    Contemporary caution against anachronism in intellectual history, and the currently momentous theoretical emphasis on subjectivity in the philosophy of mind, are two prevailing conditions that set puzzling constraints for studies in the history of philosophical psychology. The former urges against assuming ideas, motives, and concepts that are alien to the historical intellectual setting under study, and combined with the latter suggests caution in relying on our intuitions regarding subjectivity due to the historically contingent characterizations it has attained in contemporary philosophy (...)
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