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Fabrizio Baldassarri
University of Bucharest
  1.  21
    The Mechanical Life of Plants: Descartes on Botany.Fabrizio Baldassarri - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Science 52 (1):41-63.
    In this article, I argue that the French philosopher René Descartes was far more involved in the study of plants than has been generally recognized. We know that he did not include a botanical section in his natural philosophy, and sometimes he differentiated between plants and living bodies. His position was, moreover, characterized by a methodological rejection of the catalogues of plants. However, this paper reveals a significant trend in Descartes's naturalistic pursuits, starting from the end of 1637, whereby he (...)
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  2. Missing a Soul That Endows Bodies with Life: An Introduction.Fabrizio Baldassarri & Andreas Blank - 2021 - In Fabrizio Baldassarri & Andreas Blank (eds.), Vegetative Powers: The Roots of Life in Ancient, Medieval and Early Modern Natural Philosophy. Springer. pp. 1-12.
    In the history of ideas, innumerable attempts to explain life and to define living activities have invoked the notion of the soul. Yet this theoretical entity seems to be an unfathomable thing. Difficulties beset the mere definition of it, and controversies span from whether the soul is a material body or an immaterial form, an immortal or a mortal thing, a subject of experiential or of theoretical knowledge, to the question of whether it is the subject of a specific discipline (...)
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  3.  31
    Descartes’ Bio-Medical Study of Plants: Vegetative Activities, Soul, and Power.Fabrizio Baldassarri - 2018 - Early Science and Medicine 23 (5-6):509-529.
    This article addresses René Descartes’ problematic interpretation of vegetative activities within his mechanistic programme for explaining all living operations. Initially, Descartes illustrates nutrition and digestion by means of the analogy between animals and hydraulic machines. His account has a glaring weakness: he fails to supply a functional explanation for vegetative operations. Several botanical notes collected in the Excerpta anatomica reveal Descartes’ later attempt to bridge this lacuna. His study of plants provides him with material for an improved specification of vegetative (...)
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  4.  7
    Manipulating Flora: Seventeenth-Century Botanical Practices and Natural Philosophy. Introduction.Fabrizio Baldassarri & Oana Matei - 2018 - Early Science and Medicine 23 (5-6):413-419.
  5.  9
    Introduction: Gardens as Laboratories. A History of Botanical Sciences.Fabrizio Baldassarri - 2017 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 6 (1):9-19.
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  6.  7
    Descartes and the Ontology of Everyday Life by Deborah Brown and Calvin Normore.Fabrizio Baldassarri - 2021 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 59 (4):683-684.
    In a recent poem, Vom Schnee, oder Descartes in Deutschland, German writer Durs Grünbein suggests that a snowy, white landscape inspired the young René Descartes to theoretically define nature. Indeed, Descartes's reduction of nature to extended matter composed of particles in movement and abiding by the laws of nature entails a reduction of all bodies' diversity to a mechanistic system in which all secondary qualities are mathematically framed. The description of colors in the Regulae ad directionem ingenii exemplifies this reduction (...)
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  7.  8
    Being Alive in Descartes' Physiology: Animals and Plants, the Immutatio and the Impetus.Fabrizio Baldassarri - 2021 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 1:76-94.
    In René Descartes' works there are four major references to living bodies as objects of his natural philosophy. The first is contained in the Fifth part of the Discours de la Méthode, published in June 1637, where Descartes provides a mechanical explanation of the heartbeat and other living functions of the body. The second is in a bio-medical note collected in the Excerpta anatomica dated November 1637, where he discusses nutrition and growth. The third is the famous claim on the (...)
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  8.  10
    The Oxford Handbook of Descartes and Cartesianism: Edited by Steven Nadler, Tad M. Schmaltz and Delphine Antoine-Mahut, New York, Oxford University Press, 2019, P Xiii+828, £110.00 (Hb.), ISBN: 978-0-19-879690-9.Fabrizio Baldassarri - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 28 (6):1252-1256.
    Intended to be a volume accessible to a wide range of readers, the fifty chapters of this sizeable book provide an illuminating overview of seventeenth-century philosophy. Examining Descartes and C...
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  9. Descartes Et la Chimie by Bernard Joly.Fabrizio Baldassarri - 2014 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 3 (2):143-147.
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  10. Failures of Mechanization: Vegetative Powers and the Early Cartesians, Regius, La Forge, and Schuyl.Fabrizio Baldassarri - 2021 - In Fabrizio Baldassarri & Andreas Blank (eds.), Vegetative Powers: The Roots of Life in Ancient, Medieval and Early Modern Natural Philosophy. Springer. pp. 255-275.
    René Descartes’ mechanization of living activities lays bare a glaring lacuna that concerns vegetative functions, such as nutrition, generation, and growth: his cardiovascular framework affects any exhaustive explanation of these activities. When he mentions a mechanical vegetative power in his 1641 correspondence with Henricus Regius, this definition is unspecified, although it may be correlated to a few posthumous bio-medical notes. Descartes’ mechanization of the vegetative soul remains puzzling. Early Cartesian scholars were thus obliged to fill this lacuna to produce a (...)
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  11. Vegetative Powers: The Roots of Life in Ancient, Medieval and Early Modern Natural Philosophy.Fabrizio Baldassarri & Andreas Blank (eds.) - 2021 - Cham: Springer.
    The volume analyzes the natural philosophical accounts and debates concerning the vegetative powers, namely nutrition, growth, and reproduction. While principally focusing on the early modern approaches to the lower functions of the soul, readers will discover the roots of these approaches back to the Ancient times, as the volume highlights the role of three strands that help shape the study of life in the Medieval and early modern natural philosophies. From late antiquity to the early modern period, the vegetative soul (...)
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  12.  11
    Lucas John Mix. Life Concepts From Aristotle to Darwin: On Vegetable Souls. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018. Pp. 272. $85.00 ; $65.00 . ISBN 978-3-319-96046-3 ; ISBN 978-3-319-96047-0. [REVIEW]Fabrizio Baldassarri - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (2):423-426.
  13.  8
    Mechanism: A Visual, Lexical, and Conceptual History, Written by Domenico Bertoloni Meli, 2019. [REVIEW]Fabrizio Baldassarri - 2020 - Early Science and Medicine 25 (1):91-93.
  14.  7
    The Oxford Handbook of Descartes and Cartesianism.Fabrizio Baldassarri - forthcoming - Tandf: British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-4.
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  15.  4
    Descartes and the Dutch: Botanical Experimentation in the Early Modern Period.Fabrizio Baldassarri - 2020 - Perspectives on Science 28 (6):657-683.
    Early modern study of plants blossomed in a network of observation, exchanges, collaborations, and epistolary discussions. Following Baconian methodology, Dutch scholars combined the labor of listing and describing plants with botanical experimentation. This empirical approach was a suitable context for Descartes, who exchanged information and performed observations on plants in collaboration with Dutch experimenters. In this article, I focus on the reception of a few botanical experiments of Bacon’s Sylva Sylvarum in Huygens and Reneri, with whom Descartes was in contact, (...)
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  16.  11
    La Raison des Corps : Mécanisme Et Science Médicale, Written by Raphaële Andrault, 2016. [REVIEW]Fabrizio Baldassarri - 2017 - Early Science and Medicine 22 (4):381-383.
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  17.  10
    Descartes’ Treatise on Man and its Reception.Fabrizio Baldassarri - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (6):1234-1236.
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  18.  11
    Manipulating Flora. Gardens as Laboratories in the Renaissance and Early Modern Europe.Fabrizio Baldassarri - 2017 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 72 (1):175-178.
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  19.  6
    From Art to Science. Experiencing Nature in the European Garden 1500-1700.Fabrizio Baldassarri - 2016 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 5 (2):163-165.
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  20.  4
    Hubertus Fischer; Volker R. Remmert; Joachim Wolschke-Bulmahn . Gardens, Knowledge, and the Sciences in the Early Modern Period. Vi + 374 Pp., Illus., Index. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2016. £89.50. [REVIEW]Fabrizio Baldassarri - 2017 - Isis 108 (4):897-898.
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  21.  2
    Q uentin H iernaux & B enoît T immermans , Philosophie du Végétal, Paris: Vrin, 2018, 182 pp., €18. [REVIEW]Fabrizio Baldassarri - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (4):1-3.
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  22.  2
    The Spirituality of Early Modern Philosophy.Fabrizio Baldassarri - 2018 - Quaestio 18:595-598.
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  23.  1
    Q uentin H iernaux & B enoît T immermans , Philosophie du Végétal, Paris: Vrin, 2018, 182 pp., €18. [REVIEW]Fabrizio Baldassarri - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (4):1-3.
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