28 found
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  1.  72
    Digital Technologies and Artificial Intelligence’s Present and Foreseeable Impact on Lawyering, Judging, Policing and Law Enforcement.Ephraim Nissan - 2017 - AI and Society 32 (3):441-464.
    ‘AI & Law’ research has been around since the 1970s, even though with shifting emphasis. This is an overview of the contributions of digital technologies, both artificial intelligence and non-AI smart tools, to both the legal professions and the police. For example, we briefly consider text mining and case-automated summarization, tools supporting argumentation, tools concerning sentencing based on the technique of case-based reasoning, the role of abductive reasoning, research into applying AI to legal evidence, tools for fighting crime and tools (...)
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  2.  16
    Have Computation, Animatronics, and Robotic Art Anything to Say About Emotion, Compassion, and How to Model Them? The Survivor Project.Ephraim Nissan, Ricardo Cassinis & Laura Maria Morelli - 2008 - Pragmatics and Cognition 16 (1):3-36.
    We discuss robotic art, emotion in robotic art, and compassion in the philosophy of art. We discuss a particular animated artwork, survivor, the walking chair, symbolising survivors of landmine blasts, learning to use crutches, and maimed emotionally as well as physically. Its control incorporates mutual relations between very rudimentary representations of distinct emotions. This artwork is intended for sensitising viewers to the horror experienced by those who survive, and those who don't. We can only give a small sample, here, of (...)
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  3.  11
    Have Computation, Animatronics, and Robotic Art Anything to Say About Emotion, Compassion, and How to Model Them?: Thesurvivorproject.Ephraim Nissan, Ricardo Cassinis & Laura Maria Morelli - 2008 - Pragmatics and Cognition 16 (1):3-36.
    We discuss robotic art, emotion in robotic art, and compassion in the philosophy of art. We discuss a particular animated artwork, survivor, the walking chair, symbolising survivors of landmine blasts, learning to use crutches, and maimed emotionally as well as physically. Its control incorporates mutual relations between very rudimentary representations of distinct emotions. This artwork is intended for sensitising viewers to the horror experienced by those who survive, and those who don’t. We can only give a small sample, here, of (...)
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  4.  45
    Kappa Calculus and Evidential Strength: A Note on Åqvist's Logical Theory of Legal Evidence. [REVIEW]Solomon Eyal Shimony & Ephraim Nissan - 2001 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 9 (2-3):153-163.
    Lennart Åqvist (1992) proposed a logical theory of legal evidence, based on the Bolding-Ekelöf of degrees of evidential strength. This paper reformulates Åqvist's model in terms of the probabilistic version of the kappa calculus. Proving its acceptability in the legal context is beyond the present scope, but the epistemological debate about Bayesian Law isclearly relevant. While the present model is a possible link to that lineof inquiry, we offer some considerations about the broader picture of thepotential of AI & Law (...)
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  5.  31
    Review of McGregor (2005): Animal Communication Networks & Wyatt (2003/2004): Pheromones and Animal Behaviour: Communication by Smell and Taste. [REVIEW]Ephraim Nissan - 2009 - Pragmatics and Cognition 17 (2):482-490.
  6.  21
    Review of Adamatzky (2005): Dynamics of Crowd-Minds: Patterns of Irrationality in Emotions, Beliefs and Actions. [REVIEW]Ephraim Nissan - 2009 - Pragmatics and Cognition 17 (2):472-481.
  7.  17
    Review of Reimann & Spada (1996): Learning in Humans and Machines: Towards an Interdisciplinary Learning Science. [REVIEW]Ephraim Nissan - 1997 - Pragmatics and Cognition 5 (2):381-382.
  8.  19
    The Bayesianism Debate in Legal Scholarship.Ephraim Nissan - 2001 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 9 (2-3):199-214.
  9.  15
    Review of Starkey (1992): Connectionist Natural Language Processing: Readings From ‘Connection Science’. [REVIEW]Ephraim Nissan - 1997 - Pragmatics and Cognition 5 (2):383-384.
  10.  9
    Rosalind W. Picard,Affective Computing.Ephraim Nissan - 1999 - Pragmatics and Cognition 7 (1):226-239.
  11.  9
    Review of Candy (2005): Creativity and Cognition: Proceedings 2005. [REVIEW]Ephraim Nissan - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (3):569-585.
  12.  8
    Review of Doyle (2006): Extending Mechanics to Mind: The Mechanical Foundations of Psychology and Economics. [REVIEW]Ephraim Nissan - 2009 - Pragmatics and Cognition 17 (2):491-495.
  13.  38
    Computational Models of the Emotions: From Models of the Emotions of the Individual to Modelling the Emerging Irrational Behaviour of Crowds. [REVIEW]Ephraim Nissan - 2009 - AI and Society 24 (4):403-414.
    Computational models of emotions have been thriving and increasingly popular since the 1990s. Such models used to be concerned with the emotions of individual agents when they interact with other agents. Out of the array of models for the emotions, we are going to devote special attention to the approach in Adamatzky’s Dynamics of Crowd-Minds. The reason it stands out, is that it considers the crowd, rather than the individual agent. It fits in computational intelligence. It works by mathematical simulation (...)
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  14. Wearing the Badge of the Alliance Vs. Having to Wear a Badge to Be Told Apart: Joseph Cazès in Teheran in 1898. Cognitive Analysis and Cultural Aspec.Ephraim Nissan - 2010 - International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 3 (1):59-108.
     
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  15.  28
    ONOMATURGE: An Artificial Intelligence Tool and Paradigm for Supporting National and Native Language Fostering Policies. [REVIEW]Ephraim Nissan - 1991 - AI and Society 5 (3):202-217.
    We expose the implications of lexical innovation as supported by the ONOMATURGE knowledge-based paradigm, for policies intended to foster native or national languages. In certain cases, the survival of native cultures, as supported by their language, depends on their ability to fill lexical gaps due to the technological gap. In certain other cases, the native culture itself is not in crisis (e.g., in the case of the national language of a sovereign country), but the local technologists or translators participate in (...)
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  16.  5
    Review of Floridi (2004): The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Computing and Information. [REVIEW]Ephraim Nissan - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (1):183-187.
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  17.  5
    On a Mystery of Talmudic Zoonymy: The Parrot and the Myna? A Reassessment of the Identity of the Two Andrafta Bird Species.Ephraim Nissan - 2011 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 131 (3):445-452.
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  18.  25
    Guest Editorial: Marco Somalvico Memorial Issue.Ephraim Nissan, Giuseppina Gini & Marco Colombetti - 2009 - In L. Magnani (ed.), Computational Intelligence. pp. 25--2.
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  19.  23
    The Dog Ate It.Ephraim Nissan - 2011 - American Journal of Semiotics 27 (1/4):115 - 162.
    Several facets of the “flimsy pretext” archetype “My dog ate my homework” are analysed. We do so by considering textual accounts of events from real life filteredthrough the media, and we resort to formalisms (episodic formulae, Wigmore Charts) to capture some aspects of their gist. We also analyse several gag cartoons,either one-panel or multi-panel, and either as produced by others, or ones authored by this writer for the very purpose of probing into potential uses of the archetype. Sometimes the archetype (...)
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  20.  26
    Culture-Bound Technological Solutions: An Artificial-Theoretic Insight. [REVIEW]Ephraim Nissan - 2000 - AI and Society 14 (3-4):411-439.
    Sometimes, technological solutions to practical problems are devised that conspicuously take into account the constraints to which a given culture is subjecting the particular task or the manner in which it is carried out. The culture may be a professional culture (e.g., the practice of law), or an ethnic-cum-professional culture (e.g., dance in given ethnic cultures from South-East Asia), or, again, a denominational culture prescribing an orthopraxy impinging on everyday life through, for example, prescribed abstinence from given categories of workday (...)
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  21.  16
    Editorial: Context, Content and Aims. [REVIEW]Ephraim Nissan - 2001 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 9 (2-3):87-93.
  22.  3
    The Rod and the Crocodile. Temporal Relations in Textual Hermeneutics: An Application of Petri Nets to Semantics.Ephraim Nissan - 2011 - Semiotica 2011 (184):187-227.
    We use a graphic formalism to make explicit differences in the interpretation of temporal relations in natural-language text. Out of the panoply of computational representation methods for time or tense, we select Petri nets, and discuss why. We illustrate their potential for semantics and for sign theorists, by analyzing how some late antique and medieval exegeses understood the narrative of Moses and Pharaoh's magicians, and the former's rod swallowing up the rods of the other ones, once these rods had been (...)
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  23.  13
    Formal Approaches to Legal Evidence.Antonio A. Martino & Ephraim Nissan - 2001 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 9 (2/3):85-224.
  24.  8
    Have Computation, Animatronics, and Robotic Art Anything to Say About Emotion, Compassion, and How to Model Them? The Survivor Project. [REVIEW]Ephraim Nissan, Riccardo Cassinis & Laura Maria Morelli - 2008 - Pragmatics and Cognition 16 (1):3-36.
  25.  12
    Acknowledgement.Antonio A. Martin & Ephraim Nissan - 2001 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 9 (2-3):85-86.
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  26.  11
    Philip E. Agre and Stanley J. Rosenschein (Eds),Computational Theories of Interaction and Agency. [REVIEW]Ephraim Nissan - 1997 - Pragmatics and Cognition 5 (2):384-395.
  27.  16
    Ray Bull and David Carson (Eds.), Handbook of Psychology in Legal Contexts. [REVIEW]Ephraim Nissan - 2001 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 9 (2-3):219-224.
  28.  16
    Ray Bull and David Carson (Eds.), Handbook of Psychology in Legal Contexts.Ephraim Nissan - 2001 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 9 (2-3):219-224.
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