Hupolêpsis, Doxa, and Epistêmê in Aristotle

Ancient Philosophy Today 3 (2):172-199 (2021)
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In Aristotle's views on cognition a series of terms – hupolêpsis, doxa, and epistêmê – play key roles. But it has not been noticed that each of these comes in two kinds – one unqualified and the other qualified. When these and their interrelations are properly explored, a deeply systematic picture of cognition emerges, in which doxa is best understood as ‘belief’, hupolêpsis as ‘supposition’, and epistêmê as a sort of belief, so that – contrary to orthodoxy – we can have belief and knowledge of the same things at the same time. Many of these conclusions are shown to mark a continuity with Plato, in that neither thinker, it is argued, holds a so-called ‘two-worlds’ picture of cognition.



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C. D. C. Reeve
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

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References found in this work

Alief and Belief.Tamar Szabó Gendler - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy 105 (10):634-663.
Deciding to believe.Bernard Williams - 1973 - In Problems of the Self. Cambridge University Press. pp. 136--51.
The Birth of Belief.Jessica Moss & Whitney Schwab - 2019 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 57 (1):1-32.
Plato's Epistemology: Being and Seeming.Jessica Moss - 2021 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
Aristotle's Prior and Posterior Analytics.W. D. Ross - 1953 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 3 (12):374-375.

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