Synthese 182 (2):297-313 (2011)

Authors
David R. Morrow
American University
Abstract
Traditional representations of philosophy have tended to prize the role of reason in the discipline. These accounts focus exclusively on ideas and arguments as animating forces in the field. But anecdotal evidence and more rigorous sociological studies suggest there is more going on in philosophy. In this article, we present two hypotheses about social factors in the field: that social factors influence the development of philosophy, and that status and reputation—and thus social influence—will tend to be awarded to philosophers who offer rationally compelling arguments for their views. In order to test these hypotheses, we need a more comprehensive grasp on the field than traditional representations afford. In particular, we need more substantial data about various social connections between philosophers. This investigation belongs to a naturalized metaphilosophy, an empirical study of the discipline itself, and it offers prospects for a fuller and more reliable understanding of philosophy
Keywords Philosophy  Sociology  Networks  Reason  Naturalism
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DOI 10.1007/s11229-009-9662-1
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References found in this work BETA

Knowledge and Social Imagery.David Bloor - 1976 - University of Chicago Press.
Meaning and the Moral Sciences.Hilary Putnam - 1978 - Routledge and Kegan Paul.

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Citations of this work BETA

In Defense of Weak Scientism: A Reply to Brown.Moti Mizrahi - 2017 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 6 (2):9-22.
Philosophical Diversity and Disagreement.Bob Plant - 2012 - Metaphilosophy 43 (5):567-591.
On the Domain of Metaphilosophy.Bob Plant - 2017 - Metaphilosophy 48 (1-2):3-24.

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