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Daniel Little [64]Daniel R. Little [12]Daniel E. Little [1]Daniel Ying-Jeh Little [1]
  1. Varieties of social explanation: an introduction to the philosophy of social science.Daniel Little - 1991 - Boulder: Westview Press.
    Professor Little presents an introduction to the philosophy of social science with an emphasis on the central forms of explanation in social science: rational-intentional, causal, functional, structural, materialist, statistical and interpretive. The book is very strong on recent developments, particularly in its treatment of rational choice theory, microfoundations for social explanation, the idea of supervenience, functionalism, and current discussions of relativism.Of special interest is Professor Little’s insight that, like the philosophy of natural science, the philosophy of social science can profit (...)
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  2.  20
    New Directions in the Philosophy of Social Science: The Heterogeneous Social.Daniel Little - 2016 - New York: Rowman & Littlefield International.
    An accessible introduction to the latest developments and debates in the philosophy of social science.
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  3.  41
    Varieties of Social Explanation: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Social Science.David-Hillel Ruben & Daniel Little - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (1):120.
  4.  33
    Understanding society: an interview with Daniel Little.Daniel Little & Jamie Morgan - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (2):293-345.
    In this interview, Daniel Little provides an overview of his life and work in academia. Among other things, he discusses an actor-centred approach to theory of social ontology. For Little, this approach complements the assumptions of critical realism, in that it accords full ontological importance to social structures, causal mechanisms, and enduring and influential normative systems. The approach casts doubt, however, on the idea of ‘strong emergence' of social structures, the idea that social structures have properties and causal powers that (...)
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  5.  25
    Microfoundations, Method, and Causation: On the Philosophy of the Social Sciences.Daniel Little - 1998 - Transaction.
    This text focuses on the theory of popular politics constructed within the context of analytical Marxism, and asks if rational choice theory provides an adequate basis for explaining patterns of social, political and economic behaviour in traditional China.
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  6.  36
    Social Ontology De-dramatized.Daniel Little - 2021 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 51 (1):13-23.
    The article responds to Richard Lauer’s (2019) “Is Social Ontology Prior to Social Scientific Methodology?” The article concurs that “social ontology matters” for the conduct of research and theory in social science. It argues, however, that neither of the interpretations of the status of social ontology offered by Lauer is satisfactory (either apriori philosophical realism or pragmatist anti-realism). The article argues for a naturalized, fallibilist, and realist interpretation of the claims of social ontology and presents the field of social ontology (...)
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  7.  14
    Rethinking Democracy: Freedom and Social Cooperation in Politics, Economy, and Society.Daniel Little & Carol C. Gould - 1991 - Philosophical Review 100 (4):672.
  8.  19
    Logical-rule models of classification response times: A synthesis of mental-architecture, random-walk, and decision-bound approaches.Mario Fific, Daniel R. Little & Robert M. Nosofsky - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (2):309-348.
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  9.  33
    Short-term memory scanning viewed as exemplar-based categorization.Robert M. Nosofsky, Daniel R. Little, Christopher Donkin & Mario Fific - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (2):280-315.
  10.  20
    Mill on Liberty.Daniel Little - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (3):434.
  11.  30
    The Scientific Marx.Daniel Little - 1989 - Philosophical Review 98 (3):421-423.
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  12. Causal mechanisms in the social realm.Daniel Little - 2011 - In Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press. pp. 273.
     
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  13.  81
    On the scope and limits of generalizations in the social sciences.Daniel Little - 1993 - Synthese 97 (2):183 - 207.
    This article disputes the common view that social science explanations depend on discovery of lawlike generalizations from which descriptions of social outcomes can be derived. It distinguishes between governing and phenomenal regularities, and argues that social regularities are phenomenal rather than governing. In place of nomological deductive arguments, the article maintains that social explanations depend on the discovery of causal mechanisms underlying various social processes. The metaphysical correlate of this argument is that there are no social kinds: types of social (...)
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  14.  34
    “Aha!” is stronger when preceded by a “huh?”: presentation of a solution affects ratings of aha experience conditional on accuracy.Margaret E. Webb, Simon J. Cropper & Daniel R. Little - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 25 (3):324-364.
    Insight has been investigated under the assumption that participants solve insight problems with insight processes and/or experiences. A recent trend has involved presenting participants with the solution and analysing the resultant experience as if insight has taken place. We examined self-reports of the aha experience, a defining aspect of insight, before and after feedback, along with additional affective components of insight (e.g., pleasure, surprise, impasse). Classic insight problems, compound remote associates, and non-insight problems were randomly interleaved and presented to participants. (...)
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  15.  20
    Organizations as Actors: Microfoundations of Organizational Intentionality.Daniel Little - 2020 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 50 (3):260-279.
    The article addresses the topic of “group agency” with respect to large organizations. It undertakes to analyze some of the concrete micro- and meso-level processes through which large organizations arrive at collective “knowledge” and “action.” The article makes use of the theory of strategic action fields to analyze processes of knowledge and the implementation of organizational intentions. The article describes some of the dysfunctions and disunities that should be expected from these individual-level processes, including principal–agent problems, conflicts of interests and (...)
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  16.  85
    Explanatory Autonomy and Coleman's Boat.Daniel Little - 2012 - Theoria 27 (2):137-151.
    The paper addresses the question of whether an actor-centered social ontology can admit of relatively autonomous social causal explanations. It endorses the requirement that social structures and causes require “microfoundations.” It argues that the examples of other special sciences demonstrate the relevance of the idea of “relative explanatory autonomy” in the case of social causal reasoning. These considerations provide a basis for affirming the legitimacy of causal statements about meso-level causal relations.
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  17.  42
    Mechanisms and Method.Daniel Little - 2015 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 45 (4-5):462-480.
    Causal mechanisms theory has provided an important contribution to the theory of social explanation. This article considers whether CMT also makes a contribution to improvement of social science methodology. Methodology serves as a guide to the construction of research questions and explanatory hypotheses. Research is guided by background assumptions about the ontology of the domain of investigation. CMT provides a valuable ontology for social science research. Furthermore, it provides a valuable research heuristic: “seek out the causal mechanisms that underlie an (...)
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  18.  43
    The heterogeneous social : new thinking about the foundations of the social sciences.Daniel Little - 2009 - In Chrysostomos Mantzavinos (ed.), Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Philosophical Theory and Scientific Practice. Cambridge University Press. pp. 154--78.
  19.  34
    Reconstructing Marxism: Essays on Explanation and the Theory of History.Daniel Little, Erik Olin Wright, Andrew Levine & Elliott Sober - 1994 - Philosophical Review 103 (1):199.
  20.  41
    The contributions of convergent thinking, divergent thinking, and schizotypy to solving insight and non-insight problems.Margaret E. Webb, Daniel R. Little, Simon J. Cropper & Kayla Roze - 2017 - Thinking and Reasoning 23 (3):235-258.
    The ability to generate diverse ideas is valuable in solving creative problems ; yet, however advantageous, this ability is insufficient to solve the problem alone and requires the ability to logically deduce an assessment of correctness of each solution. Positive schizotypy may help isolate the aspects of divergent thinking prevalent in insight problem solving. Participants were presented with a measure of schizotypy, divergent and convergent thinking tasks, insight problems, and non-insight problems. We found no evidence for a relationship between schizotypy (...)
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  21.  17
    Entangling the social: Comments on Alexander Wendt, Quantum Mind and Social Science.Daniel Little - 2018 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 48 (2):167-176.
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  22. Reflective equilibrium and justification.Daniel Little - 1984 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (3):373-387.
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  23.  68
    Causal Explanation in the Social Sciences.Daniel Little - 1996 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 34 (S1):31-56.
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  24.  74
    Explaining large-scale historical change.Daniel Little - 2000 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 30 (1):89-112.
    A prominent historiographic theme in the past decade has been a movement away from causal explanation of large-scale processes and outcomes and toward narrative interpretation of singular historical processes. This article argues for the continued vitality of large-scale historical inquiry and surveys the historiographic issues that arise in large-scale historical explanation. The article proceeds through an examination of several important recent examples of large-scale history: comparative history of Europe and China, the history of alternative forms of industrial organization, and the (...)
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  25.  12
    Reflective Equilibrium and Justification.Daniel Little - 1984 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (3):373-387.
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  26.  24
    Fallibilism and Ontology in Tuukka Kaidesoja’s Critical Realist Social Ontology.Daniel Little - 2015 - Journal of Social Ontology 1 (2):349-358.
    This article addresses Tuukka Kaidesoja’s critique of the philosophical presuppositions of Roy Bhaskar’s theories of critical realism. The article supports Kaidesoja’s naturalistic approach to the philosophy of the social sciences, including the field of social ontology. The article discusses the specific topics of fallibilism, emergence, and causal powers. I conclude that Kaidesoja’s book is a valuable contribution to current debates over critical realism.
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  27.  40
    Philosophy of history.Daniel Little - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  28.  46
    Maximal mutual information, not minimal entropy, for escaping the “Dark Room”.Daniel Ying-Jeh Little & Friedrich Tobias Sommer - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):220-221.
    A behavioral drive directed solely at minimizing prediction error would cause an agent to seek out states of unchanging, and thus easily predictable, sensory inputs (such as a dark room). The default to an evolutionarily encoded prior to avoid such untenable behaviors is unsatisfying. We suggest an alternate information theoretic interpretation to address this dilemma.
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  29.  8
    On the Reliability of Economic Models: Essays in the Philosophy of Economics.Daniel Little - 1995 - Springer Verlag.
    This volume represents a contribution to the philosophy of economics with a distinctive point of view -- the contributors have selected particular areas of economics and have probed these areas for the philosophical and methodological issues that they raise. The primary essays are written by philosophers concentrating on philosophical issues that arise at the level of the everyday theoretical practice of working economists. Commentary essays are provided by working economists responding to the philosophical arguments from the standpoint of their own (...)
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  30.  31
    Philosophy of Sociology.Daniel Little - 2010-01-04 - In Fritz Allhoff (ed.), Philosophies of the Sciences. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 293–323.
    This chapter contains sections titled: What Is the Philosophy of the Social Sciences? What Are the “Social Sciences”? How Do We Define the Social? What Is a Social Explanation? What Is Social Causation? How Are Social Science Hypotheses and Theories Given Empirical Justification? Positivism, Naturalism, and General Social Laws How Do Social Facts Relate to Facts about Individuals and Facts about Psychology? Conclusion References.
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  31.  8
    Methodological Individualism and Methodological Localism: A Discussion with Daniel Little.Daniel Little, Nathalie Bulle & Francesco Di Iorio - 2023 - In Nathalie Bulle & Francesco Di Iorio (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Methodological Individualism: Volume II. Springer Verlag. pp. 633-658.
    This chapter takes the form of a discussion between the editors of this volume and Daniel Little regarding the relationship between methodological individualism and methodological localism. The focus is on Little’s view that methodological individualism is incompatible with the assumption that actors are socially constituted and socially situated as well as on other topics such as micro-foundations, the micro–macro link, ontological individualism, causal explanation, rationality, Bourdieu’s theory of habitus, and Durkheim.
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  32. Bayesian computation and mechanism: Theoretical pluralism drives scientific emergence.David K. Sewell, Daniel R. Little & Stephan Lewandowsky - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):212-213.
    The breadth-first search adopted by Bayesian researchers to map out the conceptual space and identify what the framework can do is beneficial for science and reflective of its collaborative and incremental nature. Theoretical pluralism among researchers facilitates refinement of models within various levels of analysis, which ultimately enables effective cross-talk between different levels of analysis.
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  33.  25
    Evidence and Objectivity in the Social Sciences.Daniel Little - 1993 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 60:363-396.
  34.  8
    Marxism and Popular Politics: The Microfoundations of Class Conflict.Daniel Little - 1989 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 15:163-204.
    A particularly important topic for Marxist theory is that of popular politics: the ways in which the underclasses of society express their interests and values through collective action. Classical Marxism postulates a fundamental conflict of interest among classes. It holds that exploited classes will come to an accurate assessment of their class interests, and will engage in appropriate collective actions to secure those interests. The result is a predicted variety of forms of underclass collective action: boycotts, rent strikes, tax and (...)
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  35.  6
    Characterizing the time course of decision-making in change detection.Anthea G. Blunden, Dylan A. Hammond, Piers D. L. Howe & Daniel R. Little - 2022 - Psychological Review 129 (1):107-145.
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  36.  47
    Logical-rules and the classification of integral dimensions: individual differences in the processing of arbitrary dimensions.Anthea G. Blunden, Tony Wang, David W. Griffiths & Daniel R. Little - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  37.  13
    M. R. Griffiths and J. R. Lucas, Ethical Economics:Ethical Economics.Daniel Little - 1999 - Ethics 109 (2):442-444.
  38.  34
    Beyond Subjective Morality: Ethical Reasoning and Political Philosophy.Daniel Little - 1984
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  39.  11
    A show about nothing: No-signal processes in systems factorial technology.Zachary L. Howard, Paul Garrett, Daniel R. Little, James T. Townsend & Ami Eidels - 2021 - Psychological Review 128 (1):187-201.
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  40.  38
    Abstraction and theory Marx's method for social science.Daniel Little - 1982 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 20 (4):441-452.
  41.  5
    Action in History and Social Science.Daniel Little - 2010 - In Timothy O'Connor & Constantine Sandis (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Action. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 401–409.
    This chapter contains sections titled: References.
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  42.  6
    Books in Review.Daniel Little - 1990 - Political Theory 18 (2):312-315.
  43.  60
    Collective action and the traditional village.Daniel Little - 1988 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (1):41-58.
    This article considers the dispute between moral economy and rational peasant theories of agrarian societies in application to problems of collective action. The moral-economy theory holds that traditional peasant society is organized cooperatively through shared moral values and communal institutions; while the rational-peasant theory maintains that peasant society shows the mark of rational individual calculation, leading to free-rider problems that undermine successful collective action. This article offers an abstract model of a traditional village and assesses the applicability of recent qualifications (...)
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  44.  18
    Collective action and the traditional village.Daniel Little - 1988 - Journal of Agricultural Ethics 1 (1):41-58.
    This article considers the dispute between “moral economy” and “rational peasant” theories of agrarian societies in application to problems of collective action. The moral-economy theory holds that traditional peasant society is organized cooperatively through shared moral values and communal institutions; while the rational-peasant theory maintains that peasant society shows the mark of rational individual calculation, leading to free-rider problems that undermine successful collective action. This article offers an abstract model of a traditional village and assesses the applicability of recent qualifications (...)
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  45. Contemporary Soviet Ethnography.Daniel Little - 1992 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22 (2):238-240.
  46.  46
    Countervailing tendencies and falsifiability in capital.Daniel Little - 1981 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 42 (2):283-291.
  47.  21
    Dialectics and science in Marx's capital.Daniel Little - 1987 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 17 (2):197-220.
  48. Donald Hodges, The Bureaucritization of Socialism Reviewed by.Daniel Little - 1984 - Philosophy in Review 4 (6):261-263.
     
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  49.  14
    Explanatory Autonomy and Coleman’s Boat.Daniel Little - 2012 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 27 (2):137-151.
    The paper addresses the question of whether an actor-centered social ontology can admit of relatively autonomous social causal explanations. It offers an alternative to the theory of social causation represented by Coleman’s Boat, according to which all macro-explanations must proceed through micro-level processes. The paper argues instead that the examples of other special sciences demonstrate the validity of the idea of “relative explanatory autonomy” in the case of social causal reasoning. These considerations provide a basis for affirming the legitimacy of (...)
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  50.  3
    Extending systems factorial technology to errored responses.Daniel R. Little, Haiyuan Yang, Ami Eidels & James T. Townsend - 2022 - Psychological Review 129 (3):484-512.
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