Clinical Decision-Making, Gender Bias, Virtue Epistemology, and Quality Healthcare

Topoi 36 (3):501-508 (2017)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Robust clinical decision-making depends on valid reasoning and sound judgment and is essential for delivering quality healthcare. It is often susceptible, however, to a clinician’s biases such as towards a patient’s age, gender, race, or socioeconomic status. Gender bias in particular has a deleterious impact, which frequently results in cognitive myopia so that a clinician is unable to make an accurate diagnosis because of a patient’s gender—especially for female patients. Virtue epistemology provides a means for confronting gender bias in clinical decision-making and for correcting or even preventing its impact. The medical literature on cardiovascular and coronary heart disease is used to illustrate the role intellectual virtues can play in redressing the deleterious impact of gender bias on clinical decision-making and practice. Finally, questions are considered surrounding the pedagogy of intellectual virtues for medical students and practicing clinicians in order to provide quality care for patients, regardless of gender.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,227

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Shared decision-making, gender and new technologies.Kristin Zeiler - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (3):279-287.
Medical decision making: a physician's guide.Alan Schwartz - 2008 - New York: Cambridge University Press. Edited by George Bergus.
The epistemically virtuous clinician.James A. Marcum - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (3):249-265.
Ethical Decision-Making of Accounting Students.Shireenjit Johl, Beverley Jackling & Grace Wong - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 9:51-78.
Xunzi and Virtue Epistemology.Cheng-Hung Tsai - 2014 - Universitas: Monthly Review of Philosophy and Culture 41 (3):121-142.
Exploring social desirability bias.Janne Chung & Gary S. Monroe - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 44 (4):291 - 302.
Advancing a casuistic model of clinical decision making: a response to commentators.Mark R. Tonelli - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (4):504-507.
Measuring the quality of life: Why, how and what?Matti Häyry - 1991 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (2):17.
Unconscious Gender Bias in Fame Judgments?Axel Buchner & Werner Wippich - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 5 (1-2):197-220.

Analytics

Added to PP
2015-08-26

Downloads
59 (#273,450)

6 months
13 (#199,525)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?