Utilitas 21 (3):250-275 (2009)

Nicole Hassoun
State University of New York at Binghamton
This paper considers the question ‘How should institutions enable people to meet their needs in situations where there is no guarantee that all needs can be met?’ After considering and rejecting several simple principles for meeting needs, it suggests a new effectiveness principle that 1) gives greater weight to the needs of the less well off and 2) gives weight to enabling a greater number of people to meet their needs. The effectiveness principle has some advantage over the main competitors including a principle suggested by David Miller in Principles of Social Justice. Miller argues that his principle accounts for the existing data on individuals’ intuitions about meeting needs. The effectiveness principle better accounts for this data. Furthermore, this paper presents a new experiment on intuitions about meeting need that is consistent with the effectiveness principle but not Miller’s principle.
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DOI 10.1017/s0953820809990045
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References found in this work BETA

The Psychology of Folk Psychology.Alvin I. Goldman - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):15-28.
Principles of Social Justice.David Miller - 2002 - Political Theory 30 (5):754-759.
Inequality.Larry Temkin - 1995 - Ethics 105 (3):663-665.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Human Right to Health.Nicole Hassoun - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (4):275-283.
How People Think About Distributing Aid.Nicole Hassoun, Nathan Lubchenco & Emir Malikov - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (7):1029-1044.
Basic Needs in Normative Contexts.Thomas Pölzler - 2021 - Philosophy Compass 16 (5):e12732.

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