An informational approach to emergence

Foundations of Science 28:1-9 (2023)
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Emergence can be described as a relationship between entities at different levels of organization, that looks especially puzzling at the transitions between the major levels of matter, life, cognition and culture. Indeed, each major level is dependent on the lower one not just for its constituents, but in some more formal way. A passage by François Jacob suggests that all such evolutionary transitions are associated with the appearance of some form of memory–genetic, neural or linguistic respectively. This implies that they have an informational nature. Based on this idea, we propose a general model of informational systems understood as combinations of modules taken from a limited inventory. Some informational systems are “semantic” models, that is reproduce features of their environment. Among these, some are also “informed”, that is have a pattern derived from a memory subsystem. The levels and components of informed systems can be listed to provide a general framework for knowledge organization, of relevance in both philosophical ontology and applied information services.



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Claudio Gnoli
Universita' degli Studi di Pavia

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Emergent properties.Timothy O'Connor - 1994 - American Philosophical Quarterly 31 (2):91-104.
Theory of integrative levels.James K. Feibleman - 1954 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 5 (17):59-66.

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