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Philip Clayton [92]Philip D. Clayton [1]Philip A. Clayton [1]
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  1. Mind and Emergence: From Quantum to Consciousness.Philip Clayton - 2004 - New York: Oxford University Press UK.
    Strong claims have been made for emergence as a new paradigm for understanding science, consciousness, and religion. Tracing the past history and current definitions of the concept, Clayton assesses the case for emergent phenomena in the natural world and their significance for philosophy and theology. Complex emergent phenomena require irreducible levels of explanation in physics, chemistry and biology. This pattern of emergence suggests a new approach to the problem of consciousness, which is neither reducible to brain states nor proof of (...)
  2. The re-emergence of emergence: the emergentist hypothesis from science to religion.Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.) - 2006 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This volume introduces readers to emergence theory, outlines the major arguments in its defence, and summarizes the most powerful objections against it. It provides the clearest explication yet of this exciting new theory of science, which challenges the reductionist approach by proposing the continuous emergence of novel phenomena.
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  3.  25
    God and Contemporary Science.Philip Clayton - 1997 - Eerdmans.
    This series relates past thought from the history of Western theological traditions to areas of contemporary concern in fresh, innovative, and constructive ways.
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  4. Conceptual foundations of emergence theory.Philip Clayton - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.), The Re-Emergence of Emergence. Oxford University Press. pp. 1--31.
     
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  5. On emergence, agency, and organization.Stuart Kauffman & Philip Clayton - 2006 - Biology and Philosophy 21 (4):501-521.
    Ultimately we will only understand biological agency when we have developed a theory of the organization of biological processes, and science is still a long way from attaining that goal. It may be possible nonetheless to develop a list of necessary conditions for the emergence of minimal biological agency. The authors offer a model of molecular autonomous agents which meets the five minimal physical conditions that are necessary (and, we believe, conjointly sufficient) for applying agential language in biology: autocatalytic reproduction; (...)
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  6. The Problem of God in Modern Thought.Philip Clayton - 2001 - Ars Disputandi 1.
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  7. Prospects for Panentheism as Research Program.Philip Clayton - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (1):1-18.
    Panentheism is best understood as a philosophical research program. Identifying the core of the research program offers a strong response to the demarcation objection. It also helps focus both objections to and defenses of panentheism — and to show why common objections are not actually criticisms of the position we are defending. The paper also addresses two common criticisms: the alleged inadequacy of panentheism’s double “in” specification of the relationship between God and world, and the “double God” objection. Once the (...)
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  8. Emergence from quantum physics to religion: A critical appraisal.Philip Clayton - 2006 - In P. Davies & P. Clayton (eds.), The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis From Science to Religion. Oxford University Press. pp. 303.
     
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  9.  76
    Panentheisms East and West.Philip Clayton - 2010 - Sophia 49 (2):183-191.
    In the West panentheism is known as the view that the world is contained within the divine, though God is also more than the world. I trace the history of this school of philosophy in both Eastern and Western traditions. Although the term is not widely known, the position in fact draws together a broad range of important positions in 20th and 21st century metaphysics, theology, and philosophy of religion. I conclude with some reflections on the practical importance of this (...)
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  10.  5
    Panentheism Across the World's Traditions.Loriliai Biernacki & Philip Clayton (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Not to be confused with pantheism-the ancient Greek notion that God is everywhere, an animistic force in rocks and trees-the concept of panentheism suggests that God is both in the world, immanent, and also beyond the confines of mere matter, transcendent.One of the fundamental premises of this groundbreaking collection of essays is that panentheism, despite being unlabeled until the nineteenth century, is not merely a modern Western invention. The contributors examine a number of the world's established and ancient religious traditions-Christianity, (...)
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  11.  17
    On Agency, Emergence and Organization.Philip Clayton & Stuart Kauffman - 2006 - Biology and Philosophy 21 (4):501-521.
    Ultimately we will only understand biological agency when we have developed a theory of the organization of biological processes, and science is still a long way from attaining that goal. It may be possible nonetheless to develop a list of necessary conditions for the emergence of minimal biological agency. The authors offer a model of molecular autonomous agents which meets the five minimal physical conditions that are necessary (and, we believe, conjointly sufficient) for applying agential language in biology: autocatalytic reproduction; (...)
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  12. Conceptual Foundations of Emergence Theory.Philip Clayton - 2006 - In Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.), The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis From Science to Religion. Oxford University Press.
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  13.  80
    Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science.Philip Clayton (ed.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    In addition to treatments of questions of methodology and implications for life and practice, the Handbook includes sections devoted to the major scientific ...
  14. Neuroscience, the person, and God: An emergentist account.Philip Clayton - 1999 - In Zygon. Notre Dame: University Notre Dame Press. pp. 613-652.
  15. Quantum Mechanics: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action 5.R. J. Russell, Philip Clayton, Kirk Wegter-McNelly & John Polkinghorne (eds.) - 2002 - Vatican Observatory Publications.
     
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  16.  12
    Neuroscience, the Person, and God: An Emergentist Account.Philip Clayton - 2000 - Zygon 35 (3):613-652.
    Strong forms of dualism and eliminative materialism block any significant dialogue between the neurosciences and theology. The present article thus challenges the Sufficiency Thesis, according to which neuroscientific explanations will finally be sufficient to fully explain human behavior. It then explores the various ways in which neuroscientific results and theological interpretations contribute to an overall theory of the person. Supervenience theories, which hold that mental events are dependent on their physical substrata but not reducible to them, are explained. Challenging the (...)
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  17. Open Panentheism and Creatio ex nihilo.Philip Clayton - 2008 - Process Studies 37 (1):166-183.
    Open theism represents an important mediating position between more traditional or evangelical theology and process thought. But open theists have in general failed to engage panentheism. The increasingly significant role of panentheism not only in process thought but now across the theological spectrum—including among evangelical thinkers—suggests a new mediating position, open panentheism. Its panentheistic themes allow this new constructive theology to draw more deeply from process sources than most open theists do. At the same time, along with more traditional theologies, (...)
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  18.  6
    Respecting living kidney donor autonomy: an argument for liberalising living kidney donor acceptance criteria.Alison C. Weightman, Simon Coghlan & Philip A. Clayton - 2022 - Monash Bioethics Review 41 (2):156-173.
    Doctors routinely refuse donation offers from prospective living kidney donors with certain comorbidities such as diabetes or obesity out of concern for donor wellbeing. This refusal occurs despite the ongoing shortage of kidney transplants and the superior performance of living donor kidney transplants compared to those from deceased donors. In this paper, we argue that this paternalistic refusal by doctors is unjustified and that, within limits, there should be greater acceptance of such donations. We begin by describing possible weak and (...)
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  19. The fruits of pluralism: A vision for the next seven years in religion/science.Philip Clayton - 2014 - Zygon 49 (2):430-442.
    This article offers a vision for work at the intersection of science and religion over the coming seven years. Because predictions are inherently risky and are more often than not false, the text first offers an assessment of the current state of the science-religion discussion and a quick survey of the last 50 years of work in this field. The implications of the six features of this vision for the future of the field are then presented in some detail. Rather (...)
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  20. Neuroscience and the Person: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action.Philip Clayton - 1999 - Notre Dame: University Notre Dame Press.
  21.  4
    Introduction.Philip Clayton - 2006 - In The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science. Oxford University Press.
    Any discussion of the possibility of ‘science and religion’ as a distinct field of study represented a clear step forward from the dominant prejudice of an earlier age. By contrast, it seems hard to deny that a new area of study has emerged, one devoted to the study of the complex and multifaceted relationships between science and religion. The text in this book testifies to the existence of a distinct field of inquiry. One can hope that carefully studying how differently (...)
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  22.  28
    The Predicament of Belief: Science, Philosophy, and Faith.Philip Clayton & Steven Knapp - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Can it make sense for someone who appreciates the explanatory power of modern science to continue believing in a traditional religious account of the ultimate nature and purpose of our universe?
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  23.  55
    How radically can God be reconceived before ceasing to be God? The four faces of panentheism.Philip Clayton - 2017 - Zygon 52 (4):1044-1059.
    Panentheism has often been put forward as a means for bringing theology and science into dialogue, perhaps even resolving some of the major tensions between them. A variety of “faces” of panentheism are distinguished, including conservative, metaphysical, apophatic, and naturalist panentheisms. This series of increasingly radical panentheisms is explored, each one bringing its own core commitments, and each describing very different relationships between religion and science. We consider, for example, the diverse ways that the radical panentheisms construe emergent phenomena in (...)
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  24. Emergence from physics to theology: Toward a panoramic view.Philip Clayton - 2006 - Zygon 41 (3):675-687.
  25.  33
    Evolution and Ethics: Human Morality in Biological and Religious Perspective.Philip Clayton & Jeffrey Schloss (eds.) - 2004 - Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co..
    Christians frequently resist evolutionary theory, believing it to be incompatible with the core values of their tradition. But what exactly are the tensions between evolution and religious faith in the area of human morality? Evolution and Ethics examines the burning questions of human morality from the standpoint of Christian thought and contemporary biology, asking where the two perspectives diverge and where they may complement one another. -/- Representing a significant dialogue between world-class scientists, philosophers, and theologians, this volume explores the (...)
  26.  35
    Muslim Perspectives on Stem Cell Research and Cloning.Fatima Agha Al-Hayani, Jacques Arnould, Ian G. Barbour, Marc Bekoff, Sjoerd L. Bonting, David Bradnick, Don Browning, John J. Carvalho Iv, Philip Clayton & Joseph K. Cosgrove - 2008 - Zygon 43 (4):783-795.
    Abstract.In Islam, the acquisition of knowledge is a form of worship. But human achievement must be exercised in conformity with God's will. Warnings against feelings of superiority often are coupled with the command to remain within the confines of God's laws and limits. Because of the fear of arrogance and disregard of the balance created by God, any new knowledge or discovery must be applied with careful consideration to maintaining balance in the creation. Knowledge must be applied to ascertain equity (...)
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  27.  64
    Natural Law and Divine Action: The Search for an Expanded Theory of Causation.Philip Clayton - 2004 - Zygon 39 (3):615-636.
  28. Introduction to Panentheism.Philip Clayton - 2013 - In Jeanine Diller & Asa Kasher (eds.), Models of God and Alternative Ultimate Realities. Springer. pp. 371--379.
     
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  29.  2
    Explanation From Physics to Theology: An Essay in Rationality and Religion.Philip Clayton - 1989 - Yale University Press.
    In this book Philip Clayton defends the rationality of religious explanations by exploring the parallels between explanatory effects in the sciences and the explanations offered by religious believers, students of religion, and theologians. Clayton begins by surveying the types of religious explanation, offering a synopsis of the most significant competing positions. He then critically examines recent important developments in the philosophy of science regarding the nature of scientific explanations—including the work of Popper, Hempel, Kuhn, and Lakatos in the natural sciences (...)
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  30. Emergence, Supervenience, and Personal Knowledge.Philip Clayton - 2002 - Tradition and Discovery 29 (3):8-19.
    Michael Polanyi was perhaps the most important emergence theorist of the middle of the 20th century. As the key link between the British Emergentists of the 1920s and the explosion of emergence theory in the 1990s, he played a crucial role in resisting reductionist interpretations of science and keeping the concept of emergence alive. Polanyi’s position on emergence is described and its major strengths and weaknesses are analyzed. Using Polanyi as the foundation, the article surveys the major contemporary options in (...)
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  31.  29
    Evolution, contingency, and christology.Philip Clayton & Steven Knapp - 2018 - Zygon 53 (3):766-781.
    Christopher Southgate has made important contributions to theodicy and the theory of divine action in light of the contingency in evolution and the suffering of creation. What happens then when one thinks through the implications of contingency for Christology? One can admit that aesthetic and moral judgments are products of a contingent history and yet affirm that they really are valid. Similarly, we argue, one can acknowledge the contingency of Jesus’ existence, actions, and subsequent impact and still maintain that his (...)
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  32. The Religion‐Science Discussion at Forty Years: “Reports of Mydeath Are Premature”.Philip Clayton - 2005 - Zygon 40 (1):23-32.
    The startling success of the religion‐science discussion in recent years calls for reflection. Have old walls been broken down, old antagonisms overcome? Have science and religion finally been reconciled? Or is all the activity just so much sound and fury signifying nothing? Postmodern equations of scientific and religious beliefs disregard a number of enduring differences that help make sense of the continuing tensions. Yet the skepticism of authors such as John Caiazza is also ungrounded. I describe five major types of (...)
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  33.  8
    The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothes.Philip Clayton & Paul Davies (eds.) - 2006 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Much of the modern period was dominated by a `reductionist' theory of science. On this view, to explain any event in the world is to reduce it down to fundamental particles, laws, and forces. In recent years reductionism has been dramatically challenged by a radically new paradigm called `emergence'. According to this new theory, natural history reveals the continuous emergence of novel phenomena: new structures and new organisms with new causal powers. Consciousness is yet one more emergent level in the (...)
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  34. Toward a Constructive Christian Theology of Emergence1.Philip Clayton - 2007 - In Nancey C. Murphy & William R. Stoeger (eds.), Evolution and Emergence: Systems, Organisms, Persons. Oxford University Press. pp. 60--315.
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  35.  18
    The Recent ex Nihilo Debate and the Radical Contingency of God.Philip Clayton - 2015 - Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences 2 (2):178.
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  36. Emergence, autonomous agents, and organization.Stuart Kauffman & Philip Clayton - forthcoming - Biology and Philosophy.
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  37.  25
    The “God Module” and the Complexifying Brain.Carol Rausch Albright, John R. Albright, Jensine Andresen, Robert W. Bertram, David M. Byers, Anna Case-Winters, Michael Cavanaugh, Philip Clayton, Gerald A. Cory Jr & Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi - 2000 - Zygon 35 (4):735-744.
    Recent reports of the discovery of a “God module” in the human brain derive from the fact that epileptic seizures in the left temporal lobe are associated with ecstatic feelings sometimes described as an experience of the presence of God. The brain area involved has been described as either (a) the seat of an innate human faculty for experiencing the divine or (b) the seat of religious delusions.In fact, religious experience is extremely various and involves many parts of the brain, (...)
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  38. Being and One Theologian.Philip Clayton - 1988 - The Thomist 52 (4):645-671.
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  39.  24
    Emergence, Supervenience, and Personal Knowledge.Philip Clayton - 2002 - Tradition and Discovery 29 (3):8-19.
    Michael Polanyi was perhaps the most important emergence theorist of the middle of the 20th century. As the key link between the British Emergentists of the 1920s and the explosion of emergence theory in the 1990s, he played a crucial role in resisting reductionist interpretations of science and keeping the concept of emergence alive. Polanyi’s position on emergence is described and its major strengths and weaknesses are analyzed. Using Polanyi as the foundation, the article surveys the major contemporary options in (...)
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  40.  74
    Inference to the Best Explanation.Philip Clayton - 1997 - Zygon 32 (3):377-391.
    The common role of research programs in science and religion is now widely accepted. The next step in the methodology debate is to specify more concretely the shared standards for adequate explanations. The article presents a detailed account of the method of inference to the best explanation and gives examples of how the method can structure the philosophical and theological interaction with science. The resulting approach dispenses with deductive and inductive proofs of religious propositions and limits itself to initially plausible (...)
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  41.  50
    On the Value of the Panentheistic Analogy: A Response to Willem Drees.Philip Clayton - 2000 - Zygon 35 (3):699-704.
    The author expresses appreciation to Professor Drees for his careful and mostly accurate reading of God and Contemporary Science. The exchange provides the opportunity to step back from the specifics of the debate and clarify what it is that gives rise to the increasing talk of panentheism within religion‐science discussions today. What is the central challenge that the natural sciences raise for theistic belief? How far does panentheism go toward answering this challenge, and what work still needs to be done? (...)
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  42.  45
    Shaping the Field of Theology and Science: A Critique of Nancey Murphy.Philip Clayton - 1999 - Zygon 34 (4):609-618.
    Nancey Murphy is a key second‐generation figure in the field of religion and science. Through a variety of responsibilities, some of which are reviewed here, she has worked as a discipline builder over the last fifteen years. After trying to convey the general spirit of Murphy's work, the author focuses on five areas where readers might resist her conclusions, including her “postmodern” theory of scientific (and religious) knowledge and truth, her treatment of theology and science as “separate but equal,” and (...)
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  43. What Every Teacher of Science and Religion Needs to Know about Pedagogy.Philip Clayton & Mark S. Railey - 1998 - Zygon 33 (1):121-130.
    This essay provides practical tips for effective teaching in science-and-religion courses. It offers suggestions for dealing with difficult questions and creating a climate of shared learning. Along with pedagogical advice, it covers fundamental principles for teaching broadly integrative religion-and-science courses. Instructors are encouraged to reflect on their purpose(s) in offering their course and to formulate specific objectives using the techniques and resources outlined here.
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  44. Critical afterword.Philip Clayton - 2010 - Zygon 45 (3):762-772.
    This Afterword looks back over both parts of the discussion of “God and the World of Signs”—“Semiotics and the Emergence of Life” in the previous issue of Zygon and “Semiotics and Theology” in this issue. Three central questions in this extended debate are identified: What is the nature of biological organisms and biological evolution? What is the relationship between the natural world and the Triune God of the Christian theological tradition? What should be the goals of Science/Religion Studies? I summarize (...)
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  45. Index to Volume 32.John R. Albright, James B. Ashbrook, George G. Brooks, Anna Case-Winters, Michael Cavanaugh, Philip Clayton & Steven D. Crain - 1997 - Zygon 32 (4).
     
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  46. The One in the Many: A Contemporary Reconstruction of the God-World Relationship.Joseph A. Bracken & Philip Clayton - 2001 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 59 (1):69-71.
     
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  47.  21
    Belief and the Logic of Religious Commitment.Philip Clayton & Steven Knapp - 1999 - In G. Bruntrup & R. K. Tacelli (eds.), The Rationality of Theism. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 61--83.
  48. Constraint and freedom in the movement from quantum physics to theology.Philip Clayton - 2009 - In Fount LeRon Shults, Nancey C. Murphy & Robert John Russell (eds.), Philosophy, Science and Divine Action. Brill.
  49. Conclusion: Reflections on the discussion.Philip Clayton - 2020 - In Philip Clayton, James W. Walters & John Martin Fischer (eds.), What's with free will?: ethics and religion after neuroscience. Cascade Books, an imprint of Wipf and Stock Publishers.
     
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  50.  18
    Descartes and Infinite Perfection.Philip Clayton - 1992 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 66:137-147.
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