Philosophical Studies 178 (4):1183-1206 (2021)

Authors
Alexander Dinges
Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
Julia Zakkou
Bielefeld University
Abstract
Many experiential properties are naturally understood as dispositions such that e.g. a cake tastes good to you iff you are disposed to get gustatory pleasure when you eat it. Such dispositional analyses, however, face a challenge. It has been widely observed that one cannot properly assert “The cake tastes good to me” unless one has tried it. This acquaintance requirement is puzzling on the dispositional account because it should be possible to be disposed to like the cake even if this disposition has never been manifested. We argue that familiar response strategies on behalf of the dispositionalist fail. These include appeals to conversational implicatures, expressivism, semantic presuppositions and norms of assertion. Against this background, we propose a new analysis in terms of what we call tendencies, where a tendency is a disposition that has been manifested. The acquaintance requirement comes out as an entailment. We point out a hitherto unnoticed parallel to sentences ascribing character traits such as “Hannah is brave,” and extend our tendency-based analysis to this domain.
Keywords predicates of personal taste  acquaintance  dispositions  character traits
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2021
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s11098-020-01470-7
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 65,683
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Studies in the Way of Words.H. P. Grice - 1989 - Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Knowledge and its Limits.Timothy Williamson - 2000 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 64 (1):200-201.
Potentiality: From Dispositions to Modality.Barbara Vetter - 2015 - Oxford, England and New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
Relativism and Monadic Truth.Herman Cappelen & John Hawthorne - 2009 - Oxford University Press UK.

View all 44 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

A Direction Effect on Taste Predicates.Alexander Dinges & Julia Zakkou - 2020 - Philosophers' Imprint 20 (27):1-22.
Projective Adaptivism.Leonid Tarasov - 2019 - Philosophical Papers 48 (3):379-402.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Structure of Character.Candace L. Upton - 2009 - The Journal of Ethics 13 (2-3):175-193.
Are Character Traits Dispositions?Maria Alvarez - 2017 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 80:69-86.
Virtue as a Trait.Christian Miller - 2018 - In Nancy Snow (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Virtue. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 9-34.
A Contextual Account of Character Traits.Candace L. Upton - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 122 (2):133-151.
Narrative Virtues.Lisa Grover - 2013 - Theoretical and Applied Ethics 2 (1):67-82.
Harman Vs. Virtue Theory: Do Character Traits Explain Behavior?Chris Tucker - 2004 - Southwest Philosophy Review 21 (1):137-145.
Sartre's Theory of Character.Jonathan Webber - 2006 - European Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):94-116.
A Theory of Traits.Fred Vollmer - 1993 - Philosophical Psychology 6 (1):67 – 79.
Absolutely Tasty: An Examination of Predicates of Personal Taste and Faultless Disagreement.Jeremy Wyatt - 2018 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 61 (3):252-280.
Skepticism About Character Traits.Gilbert Harman - 2009 - The Journal of Ethics 13 (2-3):235 - 242.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2020-04-16

Total views
86 ( #128,866 of 2,462,461 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
12 ( #60,421 of 2,462,461 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes