A direction effect on taste predicates

Philosophers' Imprint 20 (27):1-22 (2020)
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The recent literature abounds with accounts of the semantics and pragmatics of so-called predicates of personal taste, i.e. predicates whose application is, in some sense or other, a subjective matter. Relativism and contextualism are the major types of theories. One crucial difference between these theories concerns how we should assess previous taste claims. Relativism predicts that we should assess them in the light of the taste standard governing the context of assessment. Contextualism predicts that we should assess them in the light of the taste standard governing the context of use. We show in a range of experiments that neither prediction is correct. People have no clear preferences either way and which taste standard they choose in evaluating a previous taste claim crucially depends on whether they start out with a favorable attitude towards the object in question and then come to have an unfavorable attitude or vice versa. We suggest an account of the data in terms of what we call hybrid relativism.



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Author Profiles

Alexander Dinges
Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
Julia Zakkou
Bielefeld University

Citations of this work

Predicates of personal taste: empirical data.Markus Kneer - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):6455-6471.
Contextualism vs. Relativism: More empirical data.Markus Kneer - 2022 - In Jeremy Wyatt, Julia Zakkou & Dan Zeman (eds.), Perspectives on Taste. Routledge.
Judges, experiencers, and taste.Michael Glanzberg - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
Non-indexical contextualism, relativism and retraction.Alexander Dinges - forthcoming - In Jeremy Wyatt, Dan Zeman & Julia Zakkou (eds.), Perspectives on Taste. London: Routledge.

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References found in this work

Index, context, and content.David K. Lewis - 1980 - In Stig Kanger & Sven Öhman (eds.), Philosophy and Grammar. Reidel. pp. 79-100.
Faultless Disagreement.Max Kolbel - 2004 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104 (1):53-73.
Knowing and asserting.Timothy Williamson - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (4):489.

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