Inquiry Tickets: Values, Pursuit, and Underdetermination

Philosophy of Science 86 (5):1016-1028 (2019)
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We offer a new account of the role of values in theory choice that captures a temporal dimension to the values themselves. We argue that non-epistemic values sometimes serve as “inquiry tickets,” justifying scientists’ pursuit of certain questions in the short run, while the answers to those questions mitigate transient underdetermination in the long run. Our account of inquiry tickets shows that the role of non-epistemic values need not be restricted to belief or acceptance in order to be relevant to hypothesis choice: the relevance of non-epistemic values to a particular cognitive attitude with respect to h vary over time.



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Author Profiles

Kareem Khalifa
University of California, Los Angeles
Marina DiMarco
University of Pittsburgh

Citations of this work

Pursuit and Inquisitive Reasons.Will Fleisher - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 94:17-30.
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Sins of Inquiry: How to Criticize Scientific Pursuits.Marina DiMarco & Kareem Khalifa - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 92:86-96.
Duhem on Good Sense and Theory Pursuit: From Virtue to Social Epistemology.Jamie Shaw - 2020 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 33 (2):67-85.
Question Pursuit as an Epistemic Stance.Hakob Barseghyan - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 94:112-120.

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References found in this work

Two Dogmas of Empiricism.Willard V. O. Quine - 1951 - Philosophical Review 60 (1):20–43.
Science, Policy, and the Value-Free Ideal.Heather Douglas - 2009 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory.Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem - 1954 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
The Fate of Knowledge.Helen E. Longino - 2001 - Princeton University Press.

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