Sebastian Bender
Humboldt-University, Berlin
This German paper investigates what kinds of abilities Leibniz ascribes to non-human animals and how they differ from the abilities he ascribes to humans. The paper attempts to clarify how the notions of perception, apperception, reflection, and conscientia are related for Leibniz. More specifically, the paper develops a new reading of section four of the Principles of Nature and Grace, which is a much-discussed passage in Leibniz scholarship. It argues for two claims: (i) Leibniz distinguishes between a reflective and a non-reflective kind of apperception. (ii) Leibnizian conscientia is not to be confused with (phenomenal) consciousness, because it includes a reflective element, from which it follows that non-human animals do not have conscientia according to Leibniz.
Keywords Leibniz  animals  apperception  consciousness  conscientia  reflection
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DOI 10.3196/004433013806915698
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References found in this work BETA

Was Leibniz Confused About Confusion?Stephen M. Puryear - 2005 - The Leibniz Review 15:95-124.

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Citations of this work BETA

Leibniz and the ‘Petites Réflexions’.Sebastian Bender - 2020 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 102 (4):619-645.

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