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Donald Rutherford [74]Donald P. Rutherford [2]Donald Paul Rutherford [1]
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Donald Rutherford
University of California, San Diego
  1.  71
    Leibniz and the Rational Order of Nature.Donald Rutherford - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is the most up-to-date and comprehensive interpretation of the philosophy of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. Amongst its other virtues, it makes considerable use of unpublished manuscript sources. The book seeks to demonstrate the systematic unity of Leibniz's thought, in which theodicy, ethics, metaphysics and natural philosophy cohere. The key, underlying idea of the system is the conception of nature as an order designed by God to maximise the opportunities for the exercise of reason. From this idea emerges the view that (...)
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  2. .Donald Rutherford - 1993 - Penn St Univ Pr.
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  3. Leibniz and the Rational Order of Nature.Donald Rutherford - 1995 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 59 (3):556-557.
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  4. Leibniz and the Rational Order of Nature.Donald Rutherford - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 48 (191):264-266.
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  5.  61
    Leibniz: Nature and Freedom.Donald Rutherford & J. A. Cover (eds.) - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    The revival of Leibniz studies in the past twenty-five years has cast important new light on both the context and content of Leibniz's philosophical thought. Where earlier English-language scholarship understood Leibniz's philosophy as issuing from his preoccupations with logic and language, recent work has recommended an account on which theological, ethical, and metaphysical themes figure centrally in Leibniz's thought throughout his career. The significance of these themes to the development of Leibniz's philosophy is the subject of increasing attention by philosophers (...)
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  6. Freedom as a Philosophical Ideal: Nietzsche and His Antecedents.Donald Rutherford - 2011 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 54 (5):512 - 540.
    Abstract Nietzsche defends an ideal of freedom as the achievement of a ?higher human being?, whose value judgments are a product of a rigorous scrutiny of inherited values and an expression of how the answers to ultimate questions of value are ?settled in him?. I argue that Nietzsche's view is a recognizable descendent of ideas advanced by the ancient Stoics and Spinoza, for whom there is no contradiction between the realization of freedom and the affirmation of fate, and who restrict (...)
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  7. Salvation as a State of Mind: The Place of Acquiescentia in Spinoza's Ethics.Donald Rutherford - 1999 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 7 (3):447 – 473.
    (1999). Salvation as a state of mind: The place of acquiescentia in spinoza's ethics. British Journal for the History of Philosophy: Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 447-473. doi: 10.1080/09608789908571039.
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  8.  68
    Nietzsche as Perfectionist.Donald Rutherford - 2018 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 61 (1):42-61.
    Thomas Hurka has argued that Nietzsche’s positive ethical views can be formulated as a version of perfectionism that posits an objective conception of the good as the maximization of power and assigns to all agents the same goal of maximizing the perfection of the best. I show that Hurka’s case for both parts of this interpretation fails on textual grounds and that the kind of theory he proposes is in conflict with Nietzsche’s general approach to morality. The alternative reading for (...)
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  9. Leibniz as Idealist.Donald Rutherford - 2008 - Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 4:141-90.
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  10. Leibniz on Spontaneity.Donald Rutherford - 2005 - In Donald Rutherford J. A. Cover (ed.), Leibniz: Nature and Freedom. Oxford University Press. pp. 156--80.
  11.  83
    Spinoza and the Dictates of Reason.Donald Rutherford - 2008 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 51 (5):485 – 511.
    Spinoza presents the “dictates of reason” as the foundation of “the right way of living”. An influential reading of his position assimilates it to that of Hobbes. The dictates of reason are normative principles that prescribe necessary means to a necessary end: self-preservation. Against this reading I argue that, for Spinoza, the term “dictates of reason” does not refer to a set of prescriptive principles but simply the necessary consequences, or effects, of the mind's determination by adequate ideas. I draw (...)
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  12. Phenomenalism and the Reality of Body in Leibniz's Later Philosophy.Donald P. Rutherford - 1990 - Studia Leibnitiana 22 (1):11-28.
    In der neuen Literatur tiber Leibniz' Spatphilosophie findet man zwei deutlich einander entgegengesetzte Theorien Uber die Realitat des Körpers. Auf der einen Seite gibt es Gesichtspunkte, die ihn mit einer Phänomenalismuslehre verbinden, nach welcher die Körper nichts anderes als koordinierte Perzeptionen unausgedehnter Monaden sind. Auf der anderen Seite gibt es Griinde, die dafur sprechen, daß Leibniz die Auffassung vertreten muß, daß Körper Aggregate von Monaden sind. In diesem Aufsatz suche ich zu zeigen, daß die phanomenalistische Interpretation aufgrund der starken Textzeugnisse, (...)
     
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  13.  17
    5 Metaphysics: The Late Period.Donald Rutherford - 1995 - In Nicholas Jolley (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Leibniz. Cambridge University Press. pp. 124.
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  14. Natures, Laws, and Miracles: The Roots of Leibniz's Critique of Occasionalism.Donald Rutherford - 1993 - In Steven Nadler (ed.), Causation in Early Modern Philosophy. Pennsylvania State University Press. pp. 135--58.
    Leibniz raises three main objections to the doctrine of occasionalism: (1) it is inconsistent with the supposition of finite substances; (2) it presupposes the occurrence of "perpetual miracles"; (3) it requires that God "disturb" the ordinary laws of nature. At issue in objection (1) is the proper understanding of divine omnipotence, and of the relationship between the power of God and that of created things. I argue that objections (2) and (3), on the other hand, derive from a particular conception (...)
     
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  15.  46
    Leibniz and the Problem of Monadic Aggregation.Donald Rutherford - 1994 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 76 (1):65-90.
  16.  22
    Leibniz’s Metaphysics: A Historical and Comparative Study. [REVIEW]Donald Rutherford - 1989 - Philosophical Review 101 (4):853-855.
  17.  46
    Leibniz's "Analysis of Multitude and Phenomena Into Unities and Reality".Donald Rutherford - 1990 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 28 (4):525-552.
  18.  89
    Leibniz on Compossibility.James Messina & Donald Rutherford - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (6):962-977.
    Leibniz's well-known thesis that the actual world is just one among many possible worlds relies on the claim that some possibles are incompossible , meaning that they cannot belong to the same world. Notwithstanding its central role in Leibniz's philosophy, commentators have disagreed about how to understand the compossibility relation. We examine several influential interpretations and demonstrate their shortcomings. We then sketch a new reading, the cosmological interpretation, and argue that it accommodates two key conditions that any successful interpretation must (...)
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  19.  25
    8 Philosophy and Language in Leibniz.Donald Rutherford - 1995 - In Nicholas Jolley (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Leibniz. Cambridge University Press. pp. 224.
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  20. Monads.Donald Rutherford - 2018 - In Maria Rosa Antognazza (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Leibniz. Oxford University Press. pp. 356-380.
    This article discusses the final development of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz’s metaphysics: the theory of monads. It examines Leibniz’s arguments for monads as mindlike “simple substances,” his description of the properties of monads, and the distinction he draws among different types of monads. The remainder of the article focuses on two problems that attend Leibniz’s claim that reality ultimately consists solely of monads and their internal states (perceptions and appetitions). The first problem is whether a relation among monads can account for (...)
     
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  21.  68
    The Cambridge Companion to Early Modern Philosophy.Donald Rutherford (ed.) - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Cambridge Companion to Early Modern Philosophy is a comprehensive introduction to the central topics and changing shape of philosophical inquiry in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It explores one of the most innovative periods in the history of Western philosophy, extending from Montaigne, Bacon and Descartes through Hume and Kant. During this period, philosophers initiated and responded to major intellectual developments in natural science, religion, and politics, transforming in the process concepts and doctrines inherited from ancient and medieval philosophy. (...)
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  22.  37
    In Pursuit of Happiness: Hobbes’s New Science of Ethics.Donald Rutherford - 2003 - Philosophical Topics 31 (1/2):369-393.
  23.  15
    Leibniz: Determinist, Theist, Idealist. [REVIEW]Donald Rutherford - 1994 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 61 (1):226-229.
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  24.  66
    Leibniz's Principle of Intelligibility.Donald P. Rutherford - 1992 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 9 (1):35-49.
  25.  1
    Leibniz. [REVIEW]Donald Rutherford - 2000 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 61 (1):226-229.
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  26.  15
    Leibniz on Infinitesimals and the Reality of Force.Donald Rutherford - 2008 - In Douglas Jesseph & Ursula Goldenbaum (eds.), Infinitesimal Differences: Controversies Between Leibniz and His Contemporaries. Walter de Gruyter.
  27. The End of Ends? : Aristotelian Themes in Early Modern Ethics.Donald Rutherford - 2013 - In Jon Miller (ed.), The Reception of Aristotle's Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  28.  18
    9. Leibniz and the Stoics: The Consolations of Theodicy.Donald Rutherford - 2001 - In Michael J. Latzer & Elmar J. Kremer (eds.), The Problem of Evil in Early Modern Philosophy. University of Toronto Press. pp. 138-164.
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  29. Leibniz as Idealist.Donald Rutherford - 2008 - In Daniel Garber & Steven Nadler (eds.), Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy Volume Iv. Oxford University Press.
     
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  30. Spinoza's Conception of Law: Metaphysics and Ethics.Donald Rutherford - 2010 - In Yitzhak Y. Melamed & Michael A. Rosenthal (eds.), Spinoza's 'Theological-Political Treatise': A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  31.  36
    Descartes' Ethics.Donald Rutherford - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  32.  8
    Why the World Is One: Leibniz on the Unity of the Actual World.Donald Rutherford - 2021 - The Leibniz Review 31:5-34.
    Leibniz denies that the actual world possesses the per se unity of a substance. Instead, he seems to hold, the world is limited to the mind-dependent unity of an aggregate. Against this answer, criticized by Kant in his Inaugural Dissertation, I argue that for Leibniz the unity of the actual world is not grounded simply in God’s perception of relations among created substances but in the common dependence of those substances on a unitary cause. First, the actual world is one (...)
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  33.  53
    Unity, Reality and Simple Substance.Donald Rutherford - 2008 - The Leibniz Review 18:207-224.
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  34. The Leibniz-des Bosses Correspondence.Brandon Look & Donald Rutherford (eds.) - 2007 - Yale University Press.
    This volume is a critical edition of the ten-year correspondence between Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, one of Europe’s most influential early modern thinkers, and Bartholomew Des Bosses, a Jesuit theologian who was keen to bring together Leibniz’s philosophy and the Aristotelian philosophy and religious doctrines accepted by his order. The letters offer crucial insights into Leibniz’s final metaphysics and into the intellectual life of the eighteenth century. Brandon C. Look and Donald Rutherford present seventy-one of Leibniz’s and Des Bosses’s letters in (...)
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  35.  2
    Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy Volume VI.Daniel Garber & Donald Rutherford (eds.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy presents a selection of the best current work in the history of early modern philosophy. It focuses on the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries--the extraordinary period of intellectual flourishing that begins, very roughly, with Descartes and his contemporaries and ends with Kant.
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  36.  24
    Hedonism and Virtue.Erin Frykholm & Donald Rutherford - 2013 - In Peter R. Anstey (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century. Oxford University Press. pp. 415.
    This chapter examines the views of seventeenth-century British philosophers on the relation between virtue and hedonism, explaining that many philosophers believed that a defense of virtue required rejection of hedonism. It discusses the reformulation of moral philosophy proposed by Thomas Hobbes, and analyzes the reactions of Richard Cumberland and Cambridge Platonists Ralph Cudworth and Henry More. The chapter also considers the revival of Epicureanism and early modern natural law theory.
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  37.  6
    Unity, Reality and Simple Substance: A Reply to Samuel Levey.Donald Rutherford - 2008 - The Leibniz Review 18:207-224.
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  38. Truth, Predication and the Complete Concept of an Individual Substance.Donald Rutherford - 1988 - Studia Leibnitiana:130-144.
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  39.  48
    Leibniz on Causation and Agency. [REVIEW]Donald Rutherford - 2017 - The Leibniz Review 27:183-197.
  40.  63
    The Science of the Individual. [REVIEW]Donald Rutherford - 2006 - The Leibniz Review 16:125-139.
  41.  51
    Leibniz and the Problem of Soul-Body Union.Donald Rutherford - 1992 - The Leibniz Review 2:19-21.
    A number of recent authors have raised the question of Leibniz’s commitment, during the 1680s and after, to the reality of corporeal substances. In contrast to the standard reading of him as embracing early on a view of substance which is in all essential respects that of the “Monadology”, it has been argued that Leibniz is in fact inclined to recognize two distinct types of substance: on the one hand, unextended soul-like substances ; on the other hand, quasi-Aristotelian corporeal substances. (...)
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  42.  45
    Reply to Jolley’s Review of Leibniz and the Rational Order of Nature.Donald Rutherford - 1995 - The Leibniz Review 5:22-26.
    Leibniz and the Rational Order of Nature is intended to offer a broad panorama on Leibniz’s philosophy. Although necessarily selective in its focus, it aspires to a comprehensive understanding of how the different parts of Leibniz’s philosophy — theodicy, ethics, metaphysics, natural philosophy — fit together in a coherent and compelling fashion. In the book, I indicate some of the places where tensions threaten the unity of this scheme. My primary goal, however, is to reconstruct a system that would be (...)
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  43.  41
    Leibniz’s “On Generosity,” With English Translation.Donald Rutherford - 2002 - The Leibniz Review 12:15-21.
    The essay “On Generosity” holds a special place among Leibniz’s ethical writings. In no other text does Leibniz give such prominence to the concept of generosity, or relate it to his central doctrine of justice as the charity of the wise. The circumstances of the piece’s composition are uncertain. Watermark dating of the paper places it in the period 1686-1687. The Academy editors suggest a connection between it and a text by an unknown author, “Discours sur la generosité,” a transcription (...)
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  44.  11
    The Xth International Leibniz Congress.Ursula Goldenbaum, Donald Rutherford & Julia Jorati - 2016 - The Leibniz Review 26:229-234.
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  45.  8
    7 Malebranche's Theodicy.Donald Rutherford - 2000 - In Steven M. Nadler (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Malebranche. Cambridge University Press. pp. 165.
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  46.  32
    Leibniz’ Universal Jurisprudence: Justice as the Charity of the Wise.Donald Rutherford - 1997 - The Leibniz Review 7:85-94.
    Leibniz was introduced to the English-speaking world in the twentieth century by Bertrand Russell’s Critical Exposition of the Philosophy of Leibniz, a book that at once hailed the depth and elegance of Leibniz’s logico-metaphysical scheme and scorned his ethical theory. In the intervening years, Russell’s book has stimulated a large body of commentary, which has led to a sophisticated understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of Leibniz’s metaphysics. Predictably, Leibniz’s practical philosophy has received much less attention. With the exception of (...)
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  47. Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy, Volume VII.Daniel Garber & Donald Rutherford (eds.) - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy is an annual series, presenting a selection of the best current work in the history of early modern philosophy. It focuses on the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries--the extraordinary period of intellectual flourishing that begins, very roughly, with Descartes and his contemporaries and ends with Kant. It also publishes papers on thinkers or movements outside of that framework, provided they are important in illuminating early modern thought. The articles in OSEMP will be of importance to (...)
     
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  48. Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy: Volume Iv.Daniel Garber & Donald Rutherford (eds.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy is an annual series, presenting a selection of the best current work in the history of early modern philosophy. It focuses on the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries -- the extraordinary period of intellectual flourishing that begins, very roughly, with Descartes and his contemporaries and ends with Kant. It also publishes papers on thinkers or movements outside of that framework, provided they are important in illuminating early modern thought.
     
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  49. Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy, Volume Viii.Daniel Garber & Donald Rutherford (eds.) - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy presents selection of the best current work in the history of early modern philosophy. It focuses on the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries—the extraordinary period of intellectual flourishing that begins, very roughly, with Descartes and his contemporaries and ends with Kant.
     
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  50. Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy.Daniel Garber & Donald Rutherford (eds.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy presents a selection of the best current work in the history of early modern philosophy. It focuses on the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries--the extraordinary period of intellectual flourishing that begins, very roughly, with Descartes and his contemporaries and ends with Kant.
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