Inferences from Signs: Peirce and the Recovery of the σημεῖον

Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 52 (2):259 (2016)
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According to an established reconstruction,1 Augustine of Hippo in the fourth century CE was the first to perform a complete fusion between the theory of signs and the theory of language. Before Augustine, these were considered separate fields of investigation. Aristotle had presented his theory of language in the De Interpretatione, in which the “things in the voice” are said to be “symbols” of the “affections of the soul”, and his theory of inference from signs in the Analytics, where a σημεῖον is a species of enthymeme reconstructible in either of the three syllogistic figures. Similarly, in their theory of language the Stoics...



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Francesco Bellucci
University of Bologna

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