Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (2):287-298 (2015)

Authors
Michiel Van Lambalgen
University of Amsterdam
Abstract
We sketch four applications of Marr's levels‐of‐analysis methodology to the relations between logic and experimental data in the cognitive neuroscience of language and reasoning. The first part of the paper illustrates the explanatory power of computational level theories based on logic. We show that a Bayesian treatment of the suppression task in reasoning with conditionals is ruled out by EEG data, supporting instead an analysis based on defeasible logic. Further, we describe how results from an EEG study on temporal prepositions can be reanalyzed using formal semantics, addressing a potential confound. The second part of the article demonstrates the predictive power of logical theories drawing on EEG data on processing progressive constructions and on behavioral data on conditional reasoning in people with autism. Logical theories can constrain processing hypotheses all the way down to neurophysiology, and conversely neuroscience data can guide the selection of alternative computational level models of cognition.
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DOI 10.1111/tops.12125
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References found in this work BETA

Free-Energy and the Brain.Karl J. Friston & Klaas E. Stephan - 2007 - Synthese 159 (3):417 - 458.
Free-Energy and the Brain.Karl Friston & Klaas Stephan - 2007 - Synthese 159 (3):417-458.
The Uncertain Reasoner’s Companion.J. B. Paris - 1997 - Erkenntnis 46 (3):397-400.
The Proper Treatment of Events.Michiel van Lambalgen & Fritz Hamm - 2006 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 12 (1):139-141.

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