10 found
  1.  74
    Gestures of despair and hope: A view on deliberate self-harm from economics and evolutionary biology.Edward H. Hagen, Paul J. Watson & Peter Hammerstein - 2008 - Biological Theory 3 (2):123-138.
    A long-standing theoretical tradition in clinical psychology and psychiatry sees deliberate self-harm , such as wrist-cutting, as “functional”—a means to avoid painful emotions, for example, or to elicit attention from others. There is substantial evidence that DSH serves these functions. Yet the specific links between self-harm and such functions remain obscure. Why don’t self-harmers use less destructive behaviors to blunt painful emotions or elicit attention? Economists and biologists have used game theory to show that, under certain circumstances, self-harmful behaviors by (...)
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  2.  71
    Robustness: A Key to Evolutionary Design.Peter Hammerstein, Edward H. Hagen, Andreas V. M. Herz & Hanspeter Herzel - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (1):90-93.
  3.  60
    The strategy concept and John Maynard Smith’s influence on theoretical biology.Manfred D. Laubichler, Edward H. Hagen & Peter Hammerstein - 2005 - Biology and Philosophy 20 (5):1041-1050.
    Here we argue that the concept of strategies, as it was introduced into biology by John Maynard Smith, is a prime illustration of the four dimensions of theoretical biology in the post-genomic era. These four dimensions are: data analysis and management, mathematical and computational model building and simulation, concept formation and analysis, and theory integration. We argue that all four dimensions of theoretical biology are crucial to future interactions between theoretical and empirical biologists as well as with philosophers of biology.
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  4.  29
    Gaps in Harley's argument on evolutionarily stable learning rules and in the logic of “tit for tat”.Reinhard Selten & Peter Hammerstein - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (1):115.
  5.  60
    Individual Decision Making and the Evolutionary Roots of Institutions.Robert Boyd, Gerd Gigerenzer, Peter J. Richerson, Arthur Robson, Jeffrey R. Stevens & Peter Hammerstein - unknown
    Humans hunt and kill many different species of animals, but whales are our biggest prey. In the North Atlantic, a male long-fi nned pilot whale (Globiceph- ala melaena), a large relative of the dolphins, can grow as large as 6.5 meters and weigh as much as 2.5 tons. As whales go, these are not particularly large, but there are more than 750,000 pilot whales in the North Atlantic, traveling in groups, “pods,” that range from just a few individuals to a (...)
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  6.  32
    Evolution, learning, games, and simple heuristics.Peter Hammerstein - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):752-753.
    Humans are incapable of acting as utility maximisers. In contrast, the evolutionary process had considerable time and computational power to select optimal heuristics from a set of alternatives. To view evolution as the optimising agent has revolutionised game theory. Gigerenzer and his co-workers can help us understand the circumstances under which evolution and learning achieve optimisation and Nash equilibria.
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  7.  20
    D-618.Gerd B. Müller, Manfred D. Laubichler, Peter Hammerstein, Linnda R. Caporael & Werner Callebaut - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (4):331-332.
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  8.  15
    The Problem of Origins.Gerd B. Müller, Manfred D. Laubichler, Peter Hammerstein, Linnda R. Caporael & Werner Callebaut - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (2):111-111.
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  9.  68
    The Strategic View of Biological Agents.Peter Hammerstein, Edward H. Hagen & Manfred D. Laubichler - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (2):191-194.
  10.  37
    Risking Deeper Integration.Werner Callebaut, Linnda R. Caporael, Peter Hammerstein, Manfred D. Laubichler & Gerd B. Müller - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (1):1-3.