1.  91
    A precautionary principle for dual use research in the life sciences.Frida Kuhlau, Anna T. Höglund, Kathinka Evers & Stefan Eriksson - 2010 - Bioethics 25 (1):1-8.
    Most life science research entails dual-use complexity and may be misused for harmful purposes, e.g. biological weapons. The Precautionary Principle applies to special problems characterized by complexity in the relationship between human activities and their consequences. This article examines whether the principle, so far mainly used in environmental and public health issues, is applicable and suitable to the field of dual-use life science research. Four central elements of the principle are examined: threat, uncertainty, prescription and action. Although charges against the (...)
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  2.  78
    Taking due care: Moral obligations in dual use research.Frida Kuhlau, Stefan Eriksson, Kathinka Evers & Anna T. Höglund - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (9):477-487.
    In the past decade, the perception of a bioterrorist threat has increased and created a demand on life scientists to consider the potential security implications of dual use research. This article examines a selection of proposed moral obligations for life scientists that have emerged to meet these concerns and the extent to which they can be considered reasonable. It also describes the underlying reasons for the concerns, how they are managed, and their implications for scientific values. Five criteria for what (...)
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  3. The ethics of disseminating dual-use knowledge.Frida Kuhlau, Anna T. Höglund, Stefan Eriksson & Kathinka Evers - 2013 - Research Ethics 9 (1):6-19.
    In 2011, for the first time ever, two scientific journals were asked not to publish research papers in full detail. The research in question was on the H5N1 influenza virus (bird flu), and the concern was that the expected public health benefits of disseminating the findings did not outweigh the potential harm should the knowledge be misused for malicious purposes. This constraint raises important ethical concerns as it collides with scientific freedom and openness. In this article, we argue that constraining (...)
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