Journal of Business Ethics 178 (3):735-755 (2022)
AbstractWe study the relationship between corporate social performance and financial performance by comparing the portfolio returns of firms with changes in corporate social responsibility intensity. Using an extensive US sample from the MSCI ESG database, we find that improvement in the overall CSR is generally value enhancing. The relationship varies with CSR dimensions. More importantly, the relationship shifts differently for various CSR dimensions during the crisis period when trust in the society is low and financial resource is limited. Improvement in environment, human rights, and product characteristics shows higher financial returns during the financial crisis period, whereas the value enhancement of improvement in employee relations is more pronounced during the non-crisis period.
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