Explaining the gradient: Requirements for theories of visual awareness

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45 (2022)
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Abstract

We propose that any theory of visual awareness must explain the gradient of different awareness measures over experimental conditions, especially when those measures form double dissociations among each other. Theories meeting this requirement must be specific to the measured facets of awareness, such as motion, contrast, or color. Integrated information theory lacks such specificity because it is an underconstrained theory with unspecific predictions.

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Thomas Schmidt
University of Hawaii

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