In Shaun Gallagher (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Self. Oxford University Press (2011)

This article examines what might constitute the first manifestation of consciousness in the life of an individual, focusing on the subjective starting state of newborns. It presents evidence showing that we are born with some minimal self-awareness, a kind of awareness that might even be present in foetuses depending on the criteria used. It investigates the mechanisms that might account for how self-awareness quickly evolves from being minimal and phenomenal in the context of sensation, perception, and action and discusses the innate propensity of newborns to detect sameness in the experience of things that surround them. It identifies two putative mechanisms that would support an innate propensity to detect sameness: synesthesia and the vicariousness of experience.
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DOI 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199548019.003.0003
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Varieties of the Extended Self.Richard Heersmink - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 85:103001.

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