Religious pluralism: a Habermasian questioning and a Levinasian addressing


The task of this paper is to clarify the notion of pluralism and religious pluralism against the background of disputations on the globalized challenges of religious pluralism, for example the incompatibility between different conceptions of religious pluralism, especially from the lens of a possible conversation on religious pluralism between Jürgen Habermas and Emmanuel Levinas. With a detailed reading into the development of the conceptualization of religious pluralism in each author, addressing the questions such as what is genuine pluralism and on what ground the conflicts within religious pluralism can be re-accounted, we make our passage from challenging the total reliance on political unification by the effort of Habermas, towards adopting a Levinasian alternative path that prioritizes ethical relation over individual ways of plurality in the realization of each one’s good life. Even though it can be acknowledged that Habermas raised the right question against the relativism way of seeing pluralism, it is by Levinas, the ontological ground of pluralism and the universal dimension of the plural are thought not only through justice and politics but more importantly, through a way of responding to the non-familiar tradition with love, where human religion has a single dimension that is the transcendental notion of charity and love.

Download options


    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 72,722

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library


Added to PP

18 (#613,883)

6 months
1 (#388,319)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Xin Mao
Uppsala University

References found in this work

Political Liberalism.John Rawls - 1993 - Columbia University Press.
Totality and Infinity.Emmanuel Levinas - 1961/1969 - Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press.
A Secular Age.Charles Taylor - 2007 - Harvard University Press.

View all 33 references / Add more references

Citations of this work

Aurel Codoban – an Existential Stylist: From Desire to Love as Communication Instrument.Sandu Frunza - 2018 - Meta: Research in Hermeneutics, Phenomenology, and Practical Philosophy 10 (2):568-585.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Pluralism, Religious.Michael Barnes Norton - 2016 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Two Faces of American Pluralism: Political and Religious.Liliana Mihut - 2012 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (33):39-61.
Religious Tolerance, Diversity, and Pluralism.Peter Byrne - 2011 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 68:287-309.
Religious Ambiguity in Hick’s Religious Pluralism.Amir Dastmalchian - 2009 - International Journal of Hekmat 1:75-89.
Defending Religious Pluralism for Religious Education.Andrew Davis - 2010 - Ethics and Education 5 (3):189 - 202.
The Politics of Religious Pluralism.Merold Westphal - 1999 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 1999:1-8.
Theorizing Religious Diversity in a Multicultural World.Victoria S. Harrison - 2007 - ICFAI Journal of History and Culture 1 (1):25-43.
Religious Pluralism Assessed.Avi Sagi - 1999 - Sophia 38 (2):93-115.