Internal realism and the problem of religious diversity

Philosophia 34 (3):287-301 (2006)
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This article applies Hilary Putnam’s theory of internal realism to the issue of religious plurality. The result of this application – ‘internalist pluralism’ – constitutes a paradigm shift within the Philosophy of Religion. Moreover, internalist pluralism succeeds in avoiding the major difficulties faced by John Hick’s famous theory of religious pluralism, which views God, or ‘the Real,’ as the noumenon lying behind diverse religious phenomena. In side-stepping the difficulties besetting Hick’s revolutionary Kantian approach, without succumbing to William Alston’s critique of conceptual-scheme dependence, internalist pluralism provides a solution to significant theoretical problems, while doing so in a manner that is respectful of cultural diversity and religious sensitivities.



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Victoria S. Harrison
University of Macau

Citations of this work

Philosophy of religion, fictionalism, and religious diversity.Victoria S. Harrison - 2010 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 68 (1-3):43-58.
Philosophy of religion.Charles Taliaferro - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Disagreement and Religious Practice.Katherine Dormandy - forthcoming - In Maria Baghramian, Adam Carter & Richard Rowland (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Disagreement. Routledge.

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References found in this work

The Epistemological Challenge of Religious Pluralism.John Hick - 1997 - Faith and Philosophy 14 (3):277-286.
Belief, change, and forms of life.Dewi Zephaniah Phillips - 1986 - Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press.

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