Chemical explanation and physical dynamics: Two research schools at the First Solvay chemistry conferences, 1922–1928

Annals of Science 46 (5):461-480 (1989)
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Abstract

The convening of the first three Solvay Chemistry Conferences in Brussels from 1922–1928 marked an important turning point for the discipline of chemistry. Whereas much of nineteenth-century chemical endeavour had focused on compositional and functional analysis of chemical compounds, many leaders in chemistry were turning to questions of molecular dynamics by the early twentieth century. Two competing schools of chemical dynamics, which were represented at the Solvay Conferences, were a predominantly English group who worked out electron and ionic interpretations of organic reaction mechanisms, and a French group who developed a generalized radiation hypothesis of reaction activation. While differences in conceptual and stylistic approach separated the two schools, they agreed on the need to apply contemporary physical theory to old chemical problems, and to develop a theoretical chemistry complementary to theoretical physics

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Citations of this work

Conceptual Changes in Chemistry: The Notion of a Chemical Element, ca. 1900–1925.Helge Kragh - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 31 (4):435-450.
Conceptual Changes in Chemistry: The Notion of a Chemical Element, ca. 1900–1925.Helge Kragh - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 31 (4):435-450.

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References found in this work

Traité de chimie physique : Les principes.Jean Perrin - 1903 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 11 (4):8-9.

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