Mind 124 (496):1045-1109 (2015)

David McCarthy
University of Hong Kong
Egalitarians think that equality in the distribution of goods somehow matters. But what exactly is egalitarianism? This article argues for a characterization based on novel principles essentially involving risk. The characterization is then used to resolve disputed questions about egalitarianism. These include: the way egalitarianism is concerned with patterns, in particular its relationship to strong separability; the relationship between egalitarianism and other distributive views, such as concerns with fairness and with giving priority to the worse off; and the relationship between egalitarianism and evaluative measurement. But egalitarianism is subject to a particularly severe form of the levelling-down objection, and is claimed to be false.
Keywords Egalitarianism  Equality  Levelling down  Value of equality  Utilitarianism  Prioritarianism  Risk
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DOI 10.1093/mind/fzv028
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References found in this work BETA

Reasons and Persons.Derek Parfit - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
Reasons and Persons.Joseph Margolis - 1986 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (2):311-327.
What is the Point of Equality.Elizabeth Anderson - 1999 - Ethics 109 (2):287-337.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Priority View.David McCarthy - 2017 - Economics and Philosophy 33 (2):215–57.
Topics in Population Ethics.Teruji Thomas - 2016 - Dissertation, University of Oxford
Philosophy of Economics.Daniel M. Hausman - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Prioritarianism: A Response to Critics.Matthew D. Adler & Nils Holtug - 2019 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 18 (2):101-144.

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