Studies in East European Thought 51 (2):127-154 (1999)

By what process was the Jacobin identity transplanted into nineteenth-century Russian radical culture? According to the conventional account, the Jacobin label was coined by proponents like Zainevskij and Tkaev. Lenin, in turn, is said to have derived his Jacobin identity from them, thus revealing the non-Marxian source of his political ideas. This article contests that interpretation through a study of the origin and spread of the Jacobin terminology in post-emancipation Russia. I show that the Jacobin identity in Russia was invented by anti-Jacobin populists and that there were scarcely any self-proclaimed Jacobins prior to Lenin. I also reconstruct the path by which Lenin came to identify with French Jacobinism. That path remained within the territory of Marxist theory from beginning to end.
Keywords Lenin  Tkachev  Lavrov  Plekhanov  Jacobinism
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Reprint years 2004
DOI 10.1023/A:1026431208986
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The Dictatorship of the Proletariat From Plekhanov to Lenin.Robert Mayer - 1993 - Studies in East European Thought 45 (4):255 - 280.
Plekhanov, Lenin and Working-Class Consciousness.Robert Mayer - 1997 - Studies in East European Thought 49 (3):159-185.

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