Studies in East European Thought 49 (3):159-185 (1997)

Abstract
According to the prevailing scholarly view, made popular by Neil Harding, Lenin is said to have derived his well-known theory of working-class consciousness in What Is To Be Done? from G. V. Plekhanov, the father of Russian Marxism. Is this article I demonstrate, however, that Plekhanov and Lenin disagreed quite sharply on this question. Plekhanov did not believe that workers would fail to develop a socialist consciousness in the absence of external intervention. Indeed, Plekhanov was a thorough-going optimist about proletarian capacities, and while he did assign an important role to the intelligentsia in the process of consciousness-raising, that role was carefully circumscribed. An exhaustive review of Plekhanov's writings before November 1903, when he broke with Lenin, reveals just how unorthodox Lenin's most famous argument was in the context of Russian Social-Democratic theory.
Keywords Lenin  Plekhanov  Bakunin  Neil Harding  Marxism
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Reprint years 2004
DOI 10.1023/A:1017952306992
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References found in this work BETA

The Dictatorship of the Proletariat From Plekhanov to Lenin.Robert Mayer - 1993 - Studies in East European Thought 45 (4):255 - 280.
Lenin, Kautsky and Working-Class Consciousness.Robert Mayer - 1994 - History of European Ideas 18 (5):673-681.
The Germanization of Lenin.Norman Levine - 1988 - Studies in Soviet Thought 35 (1):1-37.
The Germanization of Lenin.Norman Levine - 1988 - Studies in East European Thought 35 (1):1-37.

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Citations of this work BETA

Lenin and the Jacobin Identity in Russia.Robert Mayer - 1999 - Studies in East European Thought 51 (2):127-154.

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Lenin and the Practice of Dialectical Thinking.Robert Mayer - 1999 - Science and Society 63 (1):40 - 62.
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