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  1.  9
    Property and its Forms in Classical German Philosophy.David James - 2023 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    A comprehensive analysis of the theories of property developed by four key figures in classical German philosophy that explores such central questions as the nature of property, what specific forms of property are justifiable and whether property rights ought to be respected or limited in the name of freedom.
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  2.  81
    Independence and Property in Kant's Rechtslehre.David James - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (2):302-322.
    I argue that the freedom which is to coexist with the freedom of choice of others in accordance with a universal law mentioned in Kant's Rechtslehre is not itself freedom of choice. Rather, it is the independence which is a condition of being able to exercise genuine free choice by not having to act in accordance with the choices of others. Kant's distinction between active and passive citizenship appears, however, to undermine this idea of independence, because the possession of a (...)
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  3.  7
    Rousseau and German Idealism: Freedom, Dependence and Necessity.David James - 2013 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    The claim that Rousseau's writings influenced the development of Kant's critical philosophy, and German idealism, is not a new one. As correct as the claim may be, it does not amount to a systematic account of Rousseau's place within this philosophical tradition. It also suggests a progression whereby Rousseau's achievements are eventually eclipsed by those of Kant, Fichte and Hegel, especially with respect to the idea of freedom. In this book David James shows that Rousseau presents certain challenges that Kant (...)
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  4.  8
    Fichte's Republic: Idealism, History and Nationalism.David James - 2015 - United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
    The Addresses to the German Nation is one of Fichte's best-known works. It is also his most controversial work because of its nationalist elements. In this book, David James places this text and its nationalism within the context provided by Fichte's philosophical, educational and moral project of creating a community governed by pure practical reason, in which his own foundational philosophical science or Wissenschaftslehre could achieve general recognition. Rather than marking a break in Fichte's philosophy, the Addresses to the German (...)
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  5.  51
    Suicide and Stoic Ethics in the Doctrine of Virtue.David N. James - 1998 - Kant Studien 90 (1):40-58.
  6.  50
    Fichte's Social and Political Philosophy: Property and Virtue.David James - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this study of Fichte's social and political philosophy, David James offers an interpretation of Fichte's most famous writings in this area, including his Foundations of Natural Right and Addresses to the German Nation, centred on two main themes: property and virtue. These themes provide the basis for a discussion of such issues as what it means to guarantee the freedom of all the citizens of a state, the problem of unequal relations of economic dependence between states, and the differences (...)
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  7.  60
    The Compatibility of Freedom and Necessity in Marx's Idea of Communist Society.David James - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (2):270-293.
    Taking a well-known passage from the third volume of Capital as my starting point, I explain on what grounds Marx thinks that freedom and necessity will be compatible in a communist society. The necessity in question concerns having to produce to satisfy material needs. Unlike some accounts of this issue, I argue that the compatibility of freedom and necessity in communist society has more to do with how production is organized than with the direct relation of the worker to the (...)
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  8.  51
    Conceptual Innovation in Fichte's Theory of Property: The Genesis of Leisure as an Object of Distributive Justice.David James - 2012 - European Journal of Philosophy 23 (3):509-528.
    Fichte's definitions of property appear to diverge from modern common linguistic usage, especially his identification of leisure as the object of an absolute right of property, and they may even appear arbitrary. I argue that these definitions are not in fact arbitrary. Rather, any divergence from common linguistic usage can be explained in terms of a conceptual innovation which consists in expanding or modifying a concept by thinking it through, thereby generating new content. In the case of Fichte's theory of (...)
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  9.  76
    The impact of expert visual guidance on trainee visual search strategy, visual attention and motor skills.Daniel R. Leff, David R. C. James, Felipe Orihuela-Espina, Ka-Wai Kwok, Loi Wah Sun, George Mylonas, Thanos Athanasiou, Ara W. Darzi & Guang-Zhong Yang - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  10.  18
    The friendship model:A reply to Illingworth.David N. James - 1989 - Bioethics 3 (2):142–146.
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  11.  38
    Twenty questions: Kant's applied ethics.David N. James - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):67-87.
  12.  50
    From Kant to Sade: a fragment of the history of philosophy in the Dialectic of Enlightenment.David James - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (3):557-577.
    In this paper, I set out to consider the extent to which Horkheimer and Adorno's account of the transition from Kant's philosophy to key features of the novels of the Marquis de Sade in the Second Excursus of their Dialectic of Enlightenment can be viewed as a fragment of the ‘history of philosophy’ and to explain this account in a way that allows us to ask whether it succeeds in establishing a necessary connection between Kant's philosophy and Sade's novels. In (...)
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  13.  13
    From Kant to Sade : a fragment of the history of philosophy in the dialectic of enlightenment.David James - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (3):557-577.
    In this paper, I set out to consider the extent to which Horkheimer and Adorno's account of the transition from Kant's philosophy to key features of the novels of the Marquis de Sade in the Second Excursus of their Dialectic of Enlightenment can be viewed as a fragment of the ‘history of philosophy’ and to explain this account in a way that allows us to ask whether it succeeds in establishing a necessary connection between Kant's philosophy and Sade's novels. In (...)
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  14.  29
    Rousseau on needs, language and pity: The limits of 'public reason'.David James - 2011 - European Journal of Political Theory 10 (3):372-393.
    The idea of ‘public reason’ has recently been associated with Rousseau’s views on the formation of a general will. Advocates of this idea in the Kantian tradition tend to emphasize reflective acts of rational deliberation which, I suggest, are more suited to written than to spoken language. Rousseau’s accounts of the role of spoken language as a means of expressing human needs and the role of pity in the development of a moral form of reasoning, which allows one properly to (...)
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  15.  40
    Art, Myth and Society in Hegel's Aesthetics.David James - 2009 - Continuum.
    Introduction -- The symbolic form of art -- Kant's theory of the mathematical sublime and the boundlessness of the symbolic form of art -- The classical sublimity of Judaism -- The classical form of art -- The original epic -- The ideal -- The transition to the revealed religion and the romantic form of art -- The revealed religion -- Representational thought and the romantic form of art -- Traces of left-hegelianism in Hegel's lectures on aesthetics -- The end of (...)
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  16.  6
    The Friendship Model:A Reply to Illingworth.David N. James - 1989 - Bioethics 3 (2):142-146.
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  17.  9
    Twenty Questions: Kant's Applied Ethics.David N. James - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):67-87.
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  18.  31
    Self-mastery and universal history.David James - 2017 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 43 (9):932-952.
    Horkheimer and Adorno make claims that imply a complete rejection of the idea of a universal history developed in classical German philosophy. Using Kant’s account of universal history, I argue that some features of the idea of a universal history can nevertheless be detected in the Dialectic of Enlightenment and some of Adorno’s remarks on freedom and history. This is done in connection with the kind of rational self-mastery that they associate with the story of Odysseus. Some claims made by (...)
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  19.  32
    Enlightenment and the Unconditional Good: From Fichte to the Frankfurt School.David James - 2016 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 24 (1):26-44.
    In a series of lectures from 1804–05, Johann Gottlieb Fichte sets out a conception of enlightenment whose basic structure is, I argue, to some extent reproduced in two more famous accounts of enlightenment found in post-Kantian German philosophy: Hegel’s account of the Enlightenment’s struggle with faith in his Phenomenology of Spirit and the conception of enlightenment rationality presented in Horkheimer and Adorno’s Dialectic of Enlightenment. The narrative I offer serves to highlight, moreover, the critical role played by the notion of (...)
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  20.  22
    On colorizing films: A venture into applied aesthetics.David N. James - 1989 - Metaphilosophy 20 (3-4):332-340.
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  21.  36
    The Acquisition of Virtue.David N. James - 1986 - The Personalist Forum 2 (2):101-121.
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  22.  25
    The Concept of Practical Necessity from Thucydides to Marx.David James - 2014 - Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 61 (138):1-17.
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  23.  9
    The Relevance of Personality, Slavery, and Property to the Question Whether Hegel Seeks to Justify Colonial Oppression.David James - 2023 - Review of Metaphysics 76 (4):587-610.
    Abstract:The author examines the connection between claims concerning modern slavery encountered in Hegel's lectures on the philosophy of world history and relevant concepts and themes drawn from his theory of abstract right, as presented in the Elements of the Philosophy of Right. He reconstructs Hegel's argument for the claim that slavery in the modern world is an injustice in a way that directly relates this argument to his theory of property. He shows that this argument, insofar as it involves the (...)
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  24.  11
    Situating the Enlightenment in Herder’s philosophy of history.David James - 2022 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 16 (3):247-270.
    Although Herder is critical of the Enlightenment, I show that his philosophy of history commits him to the claim that the age and culture shaped by the Enlightenment in some way makes a distinctive contribution to the development of humanity. Yet this contribution cannot make this age and culture superior to earlier ones, for this would violate Herder’s commitment to the principle that each age and culture ought to be accorded an equal status because of the equal value of its (...)
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  25.  33
    The Role of Evil in Kant's Liberalism.David James - 2012 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 55 (3):238-261.
    Abstract Carl Schmitt distinguishes between political theories in terms of whether they rest on the anthropological assumption that man is evil by nature or on the anthropological assumption that man is good by nature, and he claims that liberal political theory is based on the latter assumption. Contrary to this claim, I show how Kant's liberalism is shaped by his theory of the radical evil in human nature, and that his liberalism corresponds to the characterization of liberalism that Schmitt himself (...)
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  26.  17
    From Marx to Incoherence: A Critique of Habermas.David James - 1981 - Journal of Social Philosophy 12 (1):10-16.
  27.  12
    Art and Ethical Life: The Social and Historical Background to Hegel's Reflections on Ancient and Modern Literature in the Mit- and Nachschriften of his Lectures on Aesthetics.David James - 2010 - Hegel Bulletin 31 (2):83-100.
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  28.  3
    Autobiography and the Construction of Human Nature: Rousseau on the Relation between Self-Love and Pity.David James - 2021 - In Vojtěch Kolman & Tereza Matějčková (eds.), Perspectives on the Self: Reflexivity in the Humanities. De Gruyter. pp. 81-98.
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  29.  30
    Artificial Insemination.David N. James - 1988 - Philosophy and Theology 2 (4):305-326.
    This paper is a comprehensive examination of the ethical issues surrounding artificial insemination. The interests of parents, AI children and society are identified and compared, and a variety of arguments for and against AIH and AID are examined. Although various criticisms of the natural law position are offered, this paper comes to the similar conclusion that donor artiricial insemination is not morally justified.
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  30.  19
    Allen W. Wood , The Free Development of Each: Studies on Freedom, Right, and Ethics in Classical German Philosophy . Reviewed by.David James - 2015 - Philosophy in Review 35 (2):121-123.
  31.  11
    Crime, contract and humanity: Fichte’s theory of punishment.David James - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 30 (4):1-17.
    I argue that two aims can be detected in Fichte’s theory of punishment: a technical aim that concerns adopting the appropriate means of punishing the criminal with a view to ensuring public securit...
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  32.  3
    Crime, contract and humanity: Fichte’s theory of punishment.David James - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 30 (4):609-625.
    ABSTRACT I argue that two aims can be detected in Fichte’s theory of punishment: a technical aim that concerns adopting the appropriate means of punishing the criminal with a view to ensuring public security and an aim that suggests respect for the criminal’s humanity, namely reform. There is shown to be a tension between these two aims in that the state’s right to punish presupposes the criminal’s loss of humanity defined in terms of his or her freedom. The source of (...)
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  33. Compassion, egoism and selflessness : Schopenhauer's problematic debt to Rousseau.David James - 2023 - In David Bather Woods & Timothy Stoll (eds.), The Schopenhauerian mind. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  34.  54
    Civil Society and Literature: Hegel and Lukács on the Possibility of a Modern Epic.David James - 2011 - The European Legacy 16 (2):205-221.
    It is claimed that Hegel denies the possibility of a modern epic and that his lectures on aesthetics demand the condemnation of all the art of his own time. I use the available student transcripts of his lectures on aesthetics, in conjunction with Lukács's views on the novel, to show that Hegel suggests that the novel might count as a modern epic and that it may perform a significant function in modern ethical life (Sittlichkeit) as presented in his own philosophy (...)
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  35.  8
    Does our behavioral methodology conceal the deficit caused by hippocampal damage?David T. D. James - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (3):502-503.
  36.  5
    Dombrowski on Individuals, Species, and Ecosystems.David N. James - 1988 - Between the Species 4 (1):8.
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  37.  34
    Ectogenesis: A reply to Singer and Wells.David N. James - 1987 - Bioethics 1 (1):80-99.
    The possibility of achieving ectogenesis, or the growing of a human fetus to term in an artificial womb, is approaching reality as a result of advances in treatment of premature newborns and in in vitro fertilization techniques. In their 1984 book, The Reproductive Revolution, issued in North America as Making Babies, Peter Singer and Deane Wells offered several arguments for ectogenesis. James examines their arguments and rejects two of them, that ectogenesis offers a less problematic alternative to surrogate motherhood, and (...)
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  38.  6
    Fichte’s Critical Reappraisal of Kant’s Cosmopolitanism.David James - 2013 - In Stefano Bacin, Alfredo Ferrarin, Claudio La Rocca & Margit Ruffing (eds.), Kant und die Philosophie in weltbürgerlicher Absicht. Akten des XI. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Boston: de Gruyter. pp. 707-718.
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  39.  9
    Fichte's Jacobinism.David James - 2008 - History of European Ideas 34 (1):104-115.
    I consider the extent to which Fichte might be classed as a German Jacobin. I argue that if we think of the history of Jacobinism as being driven by two main forces, a concern for private rights and a concern for the public good, then Fichte might be classed as a Jacobin because his ethical and political thought combines these two concerns. I also suggest that his argument for the right of existence in the Foundations of Natural Right and his (...)
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  40.  64
    Fichte on the Vocation of the Scholar and the (Mis)use of History.David James - 2010 - Review of Metaphysics 63 (3):539-566.
    In his early Some Lectures concerning the Scholar’s Vocation, J. G. Fichte developed an account of the social role of the scholar. This role concerns the task of furthering human culture and progress, which Fichte considers to be a moral duty for the scholar. In these lectures, Fichte also outlined the capabilities and knowledge that the scholar needs in order to be able to fulfill the task in question, including the possession of historical knowledge. The article argues that the later (...)
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  41.  17
    Fichte's reappraisal of Kant's theory of cosmopolitan right.David James - 2010 - History of European Ideas 36 (1):61-70.
    I argue that although in the Foundations of Natural Right Fichte adopts a theory of cosmopolitan right that is in a number of important respects formally identical to the one developed by Kant, he later came in The Closed Commercial State to reassess his earlier Kantian cosmopolitanism. This work can in fact be seen to identify a problem with Kant's cosmopolitanism, namely, Kant's failure to recognize the possibility of an indirect form of coercion based on unequal relations of economic dependence. (...)
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  42.  27
    From the age of heroes to the prose of everyday life: Hegel on the differences between the original and the modern epic.David James - 2006 - History of European Ideas 32 (2):190-204.
    I offer an interpretation of Hegel's account of the essential differences between the original epic and the modern epic which supports two claims that have been made on the basis of the available student transcripts of Hegel's lectures on the philosophy of art: Hegel never asserted that art had come to an end in the sense of its having no further significance or interest in the modern world; and Hegel was keen to understand art as a cultural and historical phenomenon, (...)
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  43.  33
    Fichte’s Theory of Property.David James - 2010 - European Journal of Political Theory 9 (2):202-217.
    I discuss J. G. Fichte’s theory of property and its implications in relation to the claim made by C. B. Macpherson that, by broadening the meaning of the term ‘property’, it becomes possible to reconcile two principles of liberal democratic theory that seem to be at odds with each other: the right to property, understood as the right to exclude others from the use or benefit of something, and the right to use and develop one’s capacities. I argue that Fichte’s (...)
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  44. Fichte’s Theory of Moral Evil.David James - 2021 - In Stefano Bacin & Owen Ware (eds.), Fichte’s System of Ethics: A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press. pp. 131–149.
  45.  20
    Gandhi And The Ethics Of Fasting.David N. James - 1989 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (3):7-14.
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  46.  5
    Gandhi And The Ethics Of Fasting.David N. James - 1989 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 4 (3):7-14.
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  47.  11
    Hegel and Marx on the Necessity of the Reign of Terror.David James - 2020 - Hegel Bulletin 41 (2):202-223.
    Both Hegel and Marx appear committed to the idea that the Reign of Terror was in some sense necessary. I argue that Hegel explains this necessity in terms of the concept of ‘absolute freedom’, together with the associated self-conception and normative picture of the world. It will be argued that Marx also views the Reign of Terror as necessary because of an abstract conception of political freedom and the citizen which conflicts with a determinate individuality that is characterized by particular (...)
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  48.  62
    Hegel and the Transformation of Philosophical Critique.David James - 2009 - Philosophical Review 118 (3):390-392.
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  49.  15
    Hegel's `Elements of the Philosophy of Right': A Critical Guide.David James (ed.) - 2017 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    Hegel's Elements of the Philosophy of Right, one of the classic texts of German Idealism, is a seminal work of legal, social and political philosophy that has generated very different interpretations since its publication in 1821. Written with the advantage of historical distance, the essays in this volume adopt a fresh perspective that makes readers aware of the breadth and depth of this classic work. The themes of the essays reflect the continuing relevance of the text, and include Hegel's method, (...)
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  50.  10
    Hegel's philosophy of right: subjectivity and ethical life.David James - 2007 - New York: Continuum.
    Offers a re-assessment and overview of Hegel's philosophy of right, a key element of his political thought.
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