ABSTRACT: In this essay I characterize arguments by analogy, which have an impor-
tant role both in philosophical and everyday reasoning. Arguments by analogy are dif-
ferent from ordinary inductive or deductive arguments and have their own distinct
features. I try to characterize the structure and function of these arguments. It is further
discussed that some arguments, which are not explicit arguments by analogy, nevertheless
should be interpreted as such and not as inductive or deductive arguments. The result is
that a presumed outcome of a philosophical dispute will have to be reconsidered.