In Alix Cohen (ed.), Kant's Lectures on Anthropology: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 38–56 (2014)

Gary Hatfield
University of Pennsylvania
This chapter deals with Immanuel Kant's remarks on touch and vision in the context of his pragmatic anthropology, by considering his views of the scope, aims, and methods of that fledgling discipline. Kant supports his discussion with appeals to observation and experience that form a kind of everyday phenomenology of sensory experience. The chapter considers Kant's notion of the relation between the pragmatic and the theoretical, including his remarks that a pragmatic anthropology does not present theoretical or scholastic knowledge but focuses on worldly knowledge. Kant derived the framework for his discussion of the five external senses from his lectures on metaphysics, especially those on empirical psychology. In both empirical psychology and anthropology he categorizes the senses into those that are comparatively objective and those that are comparatively subjective: the objective senses provide more cognition, and provide occasion for reflection, but the subjective senses have more sensation than reflection.
Keywords External senses  Touch  VIsion  Phenomenology  Empirical psychology  Immanuel Kant  Lectures on Anthropology  Physiology, concept of
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