On glasses half full or half empty: understanding framing effects in terms of default implicatures

Synthese 199 (3-4):11133-11159 (2021)
  Copy   BIBTEX


The variations in how subjects respond to positively or negatively framed descriptions of the same issue have received attention from social science research, where, nevertheless, a naïve understanding of speech interpretation has undermined the different explanations offered. The present paper explores the semantic-pragmatic side of framing effects and provides a unifying explanation of this phenomenon in terms of a combined effect of pragmatic presuppositions and default implicatures. The paper contributes to a more comprehensive understanding of representations and cognitive processes involved in the framing bias by showing how well-entrenched linguistic practices associated to frame choice, and conducive to an implicit focus, result in default implicatures on the addressee’s side.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 74,389

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

A Hefty Bag of Cats.[author unknown] - 2009 - The Philosophers' Magazine 44 (44):90-92.
Is the Glass Half-Full or Half-Empty? A Self-Critique.Adolph Lowe - 1982 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 49.
Śūnya and Pūrṇa.S. S. Rama Rao Pappu - 2019 - In Siddheshwar Rameshwar Bhatt (ed.), Quantum Reality and Theory of Śūnya. Springer. pp. 39-45.
Half a Theory and Half the Data for Half the People?Jeffry A. Simpson - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (1):109-110.
Moral Framing Effects Within Subjects.Paul Rehren & Walter Sinnott-Armstrong - 2021 - Philosophical Psychology 34 (5):611-636.
Optimist/Pessimist.Elliott Sober - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (1):87-88.


Added to PP

7 (#1,036,224)

6 months
1 (#415,900)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?